Ch.6 skeletal System

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LilN97
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251477
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Ch.6 skeletal System
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2013-12-07 18:08:26
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  1. ab
    from
  2. acetabulum
    a vinegar cup
  3. ad
    towards, to
  4. amphi
    both sides
  5. arthros
    joints
  6. blast
    precursor
  7. circum
    around
  8. clast
    break
  9. clavius
    clavicle
  10. concha
    shell
  11. corona
    crown
  12. crania
    skull
  13. cribrum
    sieve
  14. dens
    tooth
  15. duco
    to lead
  16. e
    out
  17. gennan
    to produce
  18. gomphosis
    a bolting together
  19. in
    into
  20. infra
    beneath
  21. lacrimae
    tears
  22. lamella
    thin plate
  23. malleolus
    little hammer
  24. meniscus
    crecent
  25. osteon
    bone
  26. penia
    lacking
  27. planta
    sole
  28. porosus
    porous
  29. septum
    wall
  30. stylos
    pillar
  31. supra
    above
  32. sutura
    a sewing together
  33. teres
    cylindrical
  34. trabecula
    pulley
  35. vertere
    to turn
  36. 5 primary functions of the bone
    • 1. support
    • 2. storage - Ca, phosphate, lipids
    • 3. blood cell production
    • 4. protection
    • 5. leverage
  37. 4 general bone shapes
    • 1. long bones
    • 2. short bones
    • 3. flat bones
    • 4. irregular bones
  38. long bone
    • longer than wide
    • bones of limbs
  39. short bone
    • dimension roughly equal
    • ex. wrist, ankle
  40. flat bones
    • thin and relatively broad
    • ex, skull, ribs, shoulder blades
  41. irregular bones
    • complex shapes
    • vertebrae of spinal column
  42. 2 types of tissue
    • 1. compact bone
    • 2. spongy bone
  43. compact bone tissue
    • contains osteon- osteocytes organized around a central canal
    • stress from limited range of directions
  44. spongy bone tissue
    • no osteons
    • resembles a network of bony rods or struts separated by space
    • not heavily stressed or from many directions
    • protects cell of red bone marrow
  45. 3 primary cells
    • 1. osteocytes
    • 2. osteoclast
    • 3. osteoblast
  46. osteocytes
    mature bone cells; structure; repairs
  47. osteoclast
    giant cells; secrets acids and enzymes
  48. osteoblast
    produce new bone - osteogenesis

  49. BONE OF THE SKULL
    • 1. FRONTAL BONE
    • 2. SUPRAORBITAL FORAMEN
    • 3. INFRAORBITAL FPO
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
    • 7
    • 8
    • 9
    • 10
    • 11
    • 12

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