Final Flash Cards.txt

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Final Flash Cards.txt
2013-12-07 15:46:05
LEED Final

LEED Final
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  1. Neighborhood homeowners are meeting with the school board to discuss sharing some of a new school's facilities. How many shared-use spaces must a school provide for Joint Use of Facilities?
  2. An apartment complex is being built in a suburban area on a greenfield site. The site has an existing imperviousness of 25%. The pre-development discharge volume of stormwater is 8,000 gallons. What can the maximum post-development discharge volume be to qualify for Sustainable Sites Credit, Stormwater Design-Quantity Control?
    Equal to pre-development discharge (8000 gallons)
  3. The two primary responsibilities of the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) are:
    to develop the LEED Green Building Rating System & Develop and provide LEED based education and research projects
  4. A project building on a previously undeveloped site has no setback and will have no open space around the building. Can this project earn a Sustainable Sites Credit, Site Development-Protect or Restore Habitat?
  5. A major renovation of a 30,000 sq. ft. dormitory on a college campus will include removing fill dirt and contouring the land to prevent water damage to the building foundation. What is required to achieve Sustainable Sites Prerequisite, Construction Activity Pollution Prevention?
    Confirmation that the project complies with NPDES or local regulations if more stringent
  6. A project team is working on a private school in a dense neighborhood averaging 65,000 SF/acre. The project team wants to earn a point for community connectivity. There are three highways nearby. Can the school count itself as a basic service in the calculation?
    No, a project cannot consider itself a service
  7. What rule/regulation defines external lighting zones?
    IESNA RP-33
  8. A new manufacturing building will have employees that work on one of three non-overlapping shifts. No local zoning exists for parking. How would you calculate parking requirements for SS Credit 4.4 Alternative Transportation: Parking Capacity?
    Use FTE of largest shift
  9. A project building is located in a high density residential area classified as LZ3: Medium. What mustoccur for the building's exterior lighting to earn Sustainable Sites Credit: Light Pollution Reduction?
    Document that no more than 5% of the total initial designed fixture lumens are emitted at an angle of 90 degrees or higher from nadir
  10. What site would meet the minimum distance requirements to comply with the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations 40 CFR?
    Land 100 ft. from any wetland
  11. Which interior and site areas require light pollution control for SS Credit 8 Light Pollution Reduction?
    Building facade power density, Interior office lights, and overhead parking lighting
  12. A new surface parking lot is being planned for a shopping center that will be constructed on a Greenfield site. What amount of site disturbance beyond the parking area can earn Sustainable Sites Credit, Site Development-Protect or Restore Habitat?
  13. For a site to be considered a Brownfield site, what type of information does the project team need?
    Declaration from the EPA office or from state agency
  14. The low-sloped roof of an office building will be approximately 30,000 sq. ft. What strategy will achieve SS Credit 7.2 Heat Island Effect: Roof?
    • 15,000 sq. ft. vegetated roof,
    • 22,500 sq. ft. roof surface of SRI 78,
    • 12,000 sq. ft. roof surface of SRI 78 plus 7,000 sq. ft. vegetated roof
  15. Sites seeking the Development Density credit must achieve these 2 requirements:
    A previously developed site and A site in a community with a minimum density of 60,000 sf per acre net
  16. During an early design review a project team has decided to consolidate the building footprint and add underground parking. These changes can help contribute to earning which credits/prerequisites?
    SS Credit 7.1, Heat Island Effect: Non-Roof or SS Credit 6.1, Stormwater Design: Quantity Control
  17. LEED project for a retail development has been denied credit for SS Credit 7.1 Heat Island Effect: Non Roof. The project anticipated earning the credit by having 50% of the parking spaces under deck. What can the project team do to correct the problem?
    Cover the deck with a material with an SRI of 29
  18. How close does a building's entrance need to be to a rail station or bus stop to qualify for Sustainable Sites Credit, Alternative Transportation-Public Transportation Access?
    1/4 mile walking distance from 1 or more stops for 2 or more bus lines or 1/2 mile walking distance from 1 commuter rail, light rail, or subway station
  19. A project is being built on a 6 acre greenfield site. A civil engineer has determined the existing imperviousness of the site is 25%. The project team would like to qualify for SS Credit 6.1 Stormwater Design. What are the options to qualify for this point?
    • Implement a stream channel protection strategy with quantity control and Ensure post-development peak discharge is less than or equal to pre-development peak
    • discharge
  20. A technology firm is deciding on a location to build a new data center. Which of the following sites would be most appropriate to build on?
    Developed site located 30 feet from a fishing stream
  21. What type of water has the highest quality?
  22. Which of these fixtures are examples of process water use? [Choose three]
    • Boiler and chillers
    • Dishwashers
    • Ice making
  23. A rainwater harvesting system can help with:
    Water efficiency
  24. Which two of the following are considered sources of potable water in LEED? [Choose two]
    • Irrigation wells
    • Municipal water system
  25. The goals of the Water Efficiency credits are to: [Choose two]
    • Reduce the quantity of potable water needed for buildings and landscaping
    • Reduce the burden on municipal wastewater treatment facilities
  26. What flush rate is established as the baseline water consumption for water closets?
    1.6 gallons per flush
  27. Graywater is most often used for:
    Landscape Irrigation
  28. The EPAct 1992 water standard excludes which types of fixtures and equipment?
  29. Wastewater from kitchen sinks can:
    Sometimes be recycled and used for irrigation, depending on local codes
  30. Graywater can come from which of the following sources? [Choose three]
    • Bathtubs
    • Laundry tubs
    • Showers
  31. Landscape designs that aim to eliminate the need for irrigation are called:
  32. Increasing the use of graywater in a building can help with:
    Reducing potable water use by urinals
  33. What standard for fixture performance must be used to calculate the Baseline Case for Water Use Reduction credits?
    EPAct (page 168)
  34. According to WE credit 2: Innovative Wastewater Technologies, to what standard must water from toilets and urinals be treated in order to be infiltrated back into the earth?
    Tertiary standards
  35. LEED projects cover a wide range building types and users. How does LEED define transient? (Choose 2)
    • Students
    • Retail customers
  36. In WE Credit 1, Water-Efficient Landscaping, the evapotranspiration rate for July is used for calculations due to the higher irrigation demands in this month. What is the evapotranspiration rate a measure of?
    The amount of water lost from a vegetated surface in units of water depth
  37. When calculating the baseline water use for Water Use Reduction credits, new construction projects should use what flow rate for public lavatories?
    0.5 gallon per minute
  38. Which of the following could help projects to achieve Water Use Reduction credits? [Choose two]
    • Installing Low Flow Toilets
    • Using rain/graywater for toilet flushing
  39. Which of the following does NOT help achieve a water-efficient landscape?
    Overhead sprinklers
  40. Name 3 things that can contribute to a water efficient landscape
    • Perennials
    • Adaptive plantings
    • Installing hardscapes
  41. An owner has changed the landscaping design for a project from non-native plants and lawn to a Xeriscape. The original plan called for rainwater collection from the building's roof into salvaged cisterns to supply water for the landscaping only. The cisterns will be removed from the design. Which credits could be affected by this decision? [Choose two]
    • Sustainable Sites Credit 6.2, Stormwater Design-Quality Control
    • Water Efficiency Credit 1, Water-Efficient Landscaping
  42. To eliminate the use of refrigerants for HVAC systems in new projects, the strategy would be?
    Design a natural (passive) ventilation system
  43. What type of energy system cannot earn EA Credit 2, On-Site Renewable Energy?
    Geo-exchange system
  44. A project team has not been able to perform an energy simulation for Energy and Atmosphere Credit, Optimize Energy Performance. For Energy and Atmosphere Credit 2, On-Site Renewable Energy, where can the project team find information to determine the energy cost supplied by the renewable energy systems?
    Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey
  45. Which systems will contribute to earning Energy and Atmosphere Credit 2, On-Site Renewable Energy? (2)
    • Photovoltaic system
    • Bio-fuel system that uses animal waste
  46. Which standard will be used to demonstrate a 10% improvement in the proposed building performance rating for a new building?
    ASHRAE 90.1-2007
  47. What party does not qualify for CxA if the project team wants to meet the requirements of Energy and Atmosphere Credit 3: Enhanced Commissioning?
    Disinterested employee of architect or engineer
  48. When building a 25,000 sq. ft. office building, what standard is used when taking prescriptive measures for Energy and Atmosphere Credit 1, Optimize Energy Performance?
    Advanced Buildings Core Performance Guide
  49. A popular program for comparing the energy performance of multiple buildings:
  50. Which refrigerant has the lowest Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP)?
  51. What renewable energy systems are not eligible for Energy and Atmosphere Credit 2, On-Site Renewable Energy?
    Passive solar architectural features
  52. What is the major consideration when developing a sustainable project budget?
    Life cycle costs
  53. In the LEED charrette the team is discussing Energy and Atmosphere Credit, Optimize Energy Performance and what strategies might help earn that credit. The project type is a one-story office building. What is a design decision that has the greatest impact toward achieving this credit?
    The building orientation
  54. A new suburban retail project will be implemented using a bio-fuel based electrical system. Which biofuels are excluded from eligibility for Energy and Atmosphere Credit, On-Site Renewable Energy?
    Forestry biomass waste, other than mill residue
  55. What criteria are not used to determine what prescriptive measures must be followed when using the ASHRAE Advanced Energy Design Guide to calculate minimum energy performance?
    Number of stories
  56. Energy and Atmosphere Credit 3: Enhanced Commissioning comes with an exemplary performance option. A new construction retail building can achieve the extra point by completing what action?
    Comprehensive envelope commissioning
  57. A core and shell project in Nevada has a wind energy system added to the roof. According to the US DOE's Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey the estimated electricity the project will use will be 100,000 kWh/year. Energy costs in the area are $8.15/kWh. How much energy must the wind system produce to earn 4 points for EA Credit 2, On-Site Renewable Energy?
  58. Implementing a CFC refrigerant phase out plan for a building which is connected to an existing chiller system requires what to be done?
    Reduce annual leakage of CFC based refrigerants to be 5% or less
  59. Regarding refrigerant management what kind of ODP value should a refrigerant have?
  60. The project team is discussing commissioning activities in a pre-design meeting to help determine a target certification. What additional tasks will the commissioning authority need to perform for enhanced commissioning?
    Conduct a design review prior to producing mid-construction documents
  61. A CxA has been selected to perform the fundamental commissioning of a new computer data center. Which of the following must the CxA commission for LEED certification?
    Renewable energy systems
  62. Which EA credit has the most possible points?
    EA Credit 1: Optimize Energy Performance
  63. LEED:
    Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design
  64. USGBC:
    U.S. Green Building Council
  65. GHG:
    Greenhouse Gas
  66. HVAC:
    heating, ventilation, and air conditioning
  67. ASHRAE:
    American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers
  68. CxA:
    Commissioning Authority
  69. BoD:
    Basis of Design
  70. EPA:
    Environmental Protection Agency
  71. CFC:
  72. REC:
    Renewable energy certificates
  73. Would a greenfield lot donated to the city count as a previously developed site?
  74. ASHRAE standards cover which LEED topic?
  75. What will have a direct environmental impact?
    Minimizing erosion during construction
  76. What is the minimum certification level in LEED?
  77. A project is being build on a 6 acre greenfield site. A civil engineer has determine the existing imperviousness of the site is 25%. The project team would like to qualify for SS Credit 6.1 stormwater design. What are the options to qualify for this point?
    • Implement a stream channel protection strategy with quantity control
    • Ensure post development peak dischare is less than or equal to predevelopment peak discharge
  78. What is the minimum floor area needed for NC/CS/S for existing buildings: operations and maintenance projects?
    1000 sq ft
  79. For the purpose of leed certification does a shared parking structure on a neighboring property count?
  80. For the LEED minimum program requirements what are 3 purposes?
    • Protecting the integrity of the LEED program
    • reduce certification process challenges
    • give clear guidance to customers
  81. What is an example of climate change?
    A century long decrease in temperature by 1 degree
  82. What term also means site area?
    Property area
  83. What needs to be included when providing bicycle storage for people?
    Bicycle security
  84. What is the function of the ozone layer?
    Absorbs ultraviolet light
  85. For the rate of refrigeration leakage what is the unit of time?
    12 months
  86. The triple bottom line evaluate the human and environmental effects associated with these:
    • People
    • Profit
    • Planet
  87. A mixed use residential and office project will require 600 parking spaces. How many preferred parking spaces are needed to achieve sustainable sites credit 4.3 alternative transportation – low emitting and fuel efficient vehicles?
  88. What requirement must a car meet in order to qualify as a fuel efficient/low emitting vehicle for SSc4.3 alternative transportation- low emitting/fuel efficient
    Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) by the California Air Resources Board
  89. Give an example of a NOT natural refrigerant.
  90. What are 3 important factors of the LEED GB Rating systme?
    • It's voluntary
    • consensus-based
    • market driven
  91. For which LEED credit category would a point be awarded for establishing a staging area during construction of a green field?
    Sustainable sites
  92. The use of total site area must be consistent in calculations for what 2 credits?
    • SSc2: development density
    • SSc5.2: Site development
  93. Measuring baseline water demand requires measurement for which items?
    • Bathroom faucets
    • Toilets
    • Urinals
  94. If a building has already earned LEED for NC certification, what 2 additional certifications could the project earn?
    • Commercial interiors
    • Operations maintenance
  95. According to LEED the site's open space requirements are defined by
    • The local building department
    • the local zoning authority
  96. What are 2 ways of reducing water pollution from stormwater runoff?
    • Open grid paving
    • Rain gardens
  97. What are the results of incorporating green measures through a comprehensive, holistic design?
    Credit synergies
  98. The project team will not meet the threshold requirements of a particular LEED credit. What is the proper sources of action that the team should take regarding this credit?
    Not include the credit in the final application
  99. What 3 standards can be used to achieve EA credit 1: optimize energy performance?
    • Commercial building energy consumption survey
    • ASHRAE 90.1-2007
  100. A new college campus building will have 20 full time and 4 part time. Students will peak at 518 students. How many secure bicycle spaces are needed to achieve SSc4.2 Alternative transportation, bike storage and changing rooms.
    5%(20+2+518) = 27
  101. Does installing a well to collect groundwater for irrigation help achieve WEc1:Water efficient landscaping?
  102. Give 2 acceptable ways to use USGC in text
    • USGBC
    • United States Green Building Council
  103. What credit category is given the greatest weight?
    Energy & Atmosphere
  104. A 5story office is being constructed on the site of an old warehouse. The site has a zero-lot-line and is completely paved with non pervious pavement. The predevelopment discharge volume of storm water was 10,000 gallons. What post-development volume would qualify for SSc6.2: storm water design quantity control?
    (Pre development)x0.75=post development (10000)(0.75)=7,500 gallons or less
  105. For SSc1: site selection, is a nature preserve considered previously developed?
  106. For SSc4.1 Alt transportation- public transit access, if the required stops/stations are not available what could a project do?
    Provide a shuttle service to mass transit stations/stops
  107. When an owner purchases RESc they receive what?
    Environmental, social and other positive attributes of power generated by renewable resources
  108. For EAc2: on-site renewable energy what 8 systems are eligible?
    • Photovoltaic
    • Wind energy
    • Solar thermal
    • Biofuel
    • Beothermal heating and electrical
    • Low impact hydro
    • Wave/tidal
  109. What LEED rating system addresses exterior site maintenance program?
    LEED for existing building: operations and maintenance
  110. Before submitting a CIR for technical assistance, what actions should the project team take when considering a strategy for credit compliance but are unsure if the strategy would satisfy necessary requirements?
    • Search the CIR database to look for a similar inquiry
    • Write a letter or call USGBC
    • The project team should reevaluate the credit or prerequisite intent
  111. A school project will require 20 buses and 10 maintenance vehicles. The project team has specified that the school purchase 3 buses powered by natural gas and 3 maintenance vehicles that are considered fuel efficient. How many points will the earn?
    (20+10)=30 3+3=6 6/30= 20% so 2points from SSc4.3
  112. In an office building with 180 full time and 40 part time. How many changing/shower facilities are needed for SSc4.2 alt trans bicycle storage?
    (180x20)x0.005=1 shower needed
  113. A school project doing a renovation, estimates annual use of 2895 vs a baseline of 4763. To earn exemplary how much additional savings must the team come up with?
    • 4763x0.46 = 2191 should be reduction
    • 4763-2895 = 1868 is reduction
    • Need increase by 2191-1868= 323(130btu)
  114. A project contaminated with hazardous substance is called
    A brownfield
  115. A proposed 80 ksf building with development area of 200 ksf. Local zoning requires 15% open space for total project area. To achieve SSc site development maximize open space. How much open space must be provided?
    ((20,000 x 0.15)x 1.25)= 37,500