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Hormone (antihypoglycemic agent)
- 1. Causes breakdown of glycogen to glucose
- 2. inhibits glycogen synthesis
- 3. elvevates blood glucose levels
- 4. increases cardiac contractile force
- 5. increases heart rate
hypoglycemia: signs include Altered LOC, diaphoresis, pallor, polyphagia (excessive hunger), combattiveness, unresponsiveness, et al.
- 1. Only effective if there are sufficient stores of glycogen on the liver
- 2. Use caution in patients with cardiovascular and renal disease
- 3. Draw blood glucose sample prior to administration
Glucagon Side Effects
Few in emergency setting
- IV: .25-.5 unit
- IM: 1 unit
Glucagon How Supplied
1 unit of powder. Must reconstitute with 1ml of bacteriostatic water
Glucagon Pediatric Dosage
.03 mg/ kg
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