1.The smallest stable unit of human relations according to Bowen. Alliance Triangle Boundary Subsystem
1.This refers to how members of the family or group relate.
Process Content Dynamics Cybernetics
1.The tendency to respond in a knee-jerk emotional fashion, rather than calmly and objectively. Emotional reactivityComplementary relationshipMetacommunication Pseudomutuality
1.The opposite of fusion; it refers to a psychological separation of intellect and emotions and independence of self from others. Self-differentiation Self-definition Self-integration Self-identification
Emotional barriers which protect and enhance the integrity of individuals, subsystems, and families.
Subsystems Boundaries Family rules Structure
The idea that actions are related through a series of recursive loops or repeating cycles.
Cybernetics Circular causality Linear causality Negative feedback loop
1.A schematic diagram of a family system which usually covers three generations. Family map Family genogram Family structure Family life cycle
The ability of complex systems to reach a given final goal in a variety of different ways.
c. Family Life cycle
An example of this strategy is to describe someone as discouraged rather than depressed.
An approach to treatment that emphasizes the role of the stories people construct about their experience.
a.Solutions-focus therapy b. Narrative therapy
d. Process therapy
1.A descriptive term for redundant behavioral patterns, norms, and expectations.
b. Family rules
c. Family systems
d. Family life cycle
1.According to Bowen this is the primary goal of therapy.
c. Emotional detachment
d. Diminishing of symptoms
1.Conflict created when a person receives contradictory messages on different levels of abstraction in an important relationship and cannot leave or comment.
1.A technique sued in strategic therapy whereby the therapist directs family members to continue their symptomatic behavior.
c. Paradoxical injunction d. Invariant prescription
1.Family functioning on clear generational boundaries, whereby the parents maintain control and authority.
b. First order change
c. Second –order change
d. Family rules
1.Selvini Palazzoli’s term for balanced acceptance of family members.
d. Positive connotation
1.An interaction stimulated in structural family therapy to observe and then change transactions that make up family structure.
These are smaller units in families, determined by generation, sex, or function.
An alliance between two persons or social units against a third.
A nonverbal experiential technique in which family members position themselves in a tableau that reveals significant aspects of their perceptions and feelings.
b. Family sculpting c. Family drawing d. Family painting
1.A relationship based on direct, personal contact, rather than artificial professional roles.
b. Existential encounter
c. Face to face encounter
d. Therapeutic alliance
1.A set of beliefs based on a distortion of historical reality and shared by all family members that help shape the rules governing family functioning.
b. Family myths
c. Family system
d. Family rules
1.Winnicott’s term for defensive façade that comes to dominate some people’s dealings with others.
b. Public Image
c. False Self
d. Pseudo Self
1.A primitive form of identification; taking in aspects of other people, which then become part of the self-image.
c. Object relation
d. Projective identification
1.Not merely imitation but appropriation of traits of an admired other.
c. Object relation
1.Return to a less mature level of functioning in the face of stress.
1.Using high-probability behavior to reinforce low-probability behavior.
b. Positive Reinforcement c. Discipline
d. Premack Principle
1.A form of learning whereby a person or animal is rewarded for performing certain behaviors.
b. Operant conditioning
c. Social Learning
d. Reinforcement reciprocity
1.A behavioral technique for extinguishing undesirable behavior by removing the reinforcing consequences of that behavior.
c. Negative Reinforcement d. Extinction
1.An event, behavior, or object that increases the rate of a particular response.
c. Token economy
d. Unconditional response
1.The art of analyzing literary texts or human experience, understood as fundamentally ambiguous, by interpreting levels of meaning.
d. Narrative Theory
1.In family therapy this refers to challenging the idea of scientific certainty and linked to the method of deconstruction.
b. NotKnowing c. Collaborative Model
1.Term for a client who does not wish to be part of therapy, does not have a complaint, and does not wish to work on anything.
c.Noncomplainant d. Observer
1.A technique where clients are asked at the end of the initial sessions to think about what they do not want to change as a result of therapy.
b. Miracle question
c. Formula first-session task
d. Scaling questions
Formula first-session task
1.A theorist usually associated with Solutions-focused therapy.
a.Steve de Shazer
b. Virginia Satir
c. Carl Whitaker
d. Michael White
Steve de Shazer
1.A technique in Narrative Therapy of personifying problems as separate from the person.
b. Reconstruction c. Externalization
1.Term used to describe times when clients acted free of their problems even if they are unaware.
c. Unique Outcomes
1.A form of integration in which one follows a consistent model but makes occasional use of techniques from other approaches.
b. Selective borrowing
c. Preferred view
d. Specially Designed Integration
Specially Designed Integration
1.A form of integration in which large number of elements from different approaches are combined. a. Eclecticism
b. Selective Borrowing
c. Preferred View
d. Integrative Couple
1.Explanations based on the interactions among three people or objects.
d. Open system
1.Explanations based on properties of a single person or object.
b. Dyadic Model
c. Monadic Model
d. Closed system
1.R. D. Laing’s concept that many families distort their children’s experience by relabeling it.
1.Explanation of behavior in relationships as maintained by ratio of cost to benefits.
a.Social Change Theory
b. Social Constructionism
c. Social Learning
d. Classical Conditioning
Social Change Theory
1.Studies of comparative effectiveness of various treatments in which patients are assigned without specific pattern to competing models of therapy.
b. Research Study Protocols
c. Outcome Research
d. Process Research
1.Studies designed to explore events that occur within the therapy interaction.
c. Process research
d. Randomized trials
1.Which model utilizes process questions?
1.Terms such as aversive control, extinction, and reinforcement are often related to which model?
1.Identify the model associated with Virginian Satir and Cark Whitaker.
1.This model utilizes concepts such as the following: drives, internals objects, projective identification, and fixation.