Final Exam Pool DAAC 2307

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Final Exam Pool DAAC 2307
2013-12-07 20:19:46
Final Exam Pool DAAC 2307
Final Exam Pool DAAC 2307
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  1.     Pioneer often associated with psychoanalysis.

     a.       Freud
     b. Rogers
     c. Minuchin  
     d.  Jung
    a. Freud
  2. 1.       The smallest stable unit of human relations according to Bowen.
  3. 1.       This refers to how members of the family or group relate. 

  4. 1.       The tendency to respond in a knee-jerk emotional fashion, rather than calmly and objectively. 
        Emotional reactivity                                 Complementary relationship   Metacommunication              
    Emotional reactivity           
  5. 1.       The opposite of fusion; it refers to a psychological separation of intellect and emotions and independence of self from others.
  6.   Emotional barriers which protect and enhance the integrity of individuals, subsystems, and families. 
    Family rules                   
  7.    The idea that actions are related through a series of recursive loops or repeating cycles.

     Circular causality  
     Linear causality            
     Negative feedback loop

    Circular causality
  8. 1.       A schematic diagram of a family system which usually covers three generations.
         Family map                
     Family genogram       
     Family structure          
     Family life cycle
    Family genogram
  9.    The ability of complex systems to reach a given final goal in a variety of different ways.
        a.       Equifinality                
    b. Constructivism           
    c. Family Life cycle          
    d. Culturalism
  10.  An example of this strategy is to describe someone as discouraged rather than depressed.
        a.       Relabeling                  
    b. Summarizing                
    c. Reframing                      
    d. Interpreting
  11. An approach to treatment that emphasizes the role of the stories people construct about their experience.
    a.       Solutions-focus therapy                        b. Narrative therapy      
    c. Constructivism             
    d. Process therapy
    Narrative therapy
  12. 1.       A descriptive term for redundant behavioral patterns, norms, and expectations.
         a.   Family roles            
    b. Family rules                  
    c. Family systems                            
    d. Family life cycle
     Family rules      
  13. 1.       According to Bowen this is the primary goal of therapy.
        a.   Self-actualization      
    b. Self-differentiation   
    c. Emotional detachment           
    d. Diminishing of symptoms
  14. 1.       Conflict created when a person receives contradictory messages on different levels of abstraction in an important relationship and cannot leave or comment.
     a.   Coalitions                   
    b. Fusions                           
    c. Double-bind                 
    d. Ordeals
  15. 1.       A technique sued in strategic therapy whereby the therapist directs family members to continue their symptomatic behavior.
        a.  Directives                   
    b. Homework                   
    c. Paradoxical injunction               d. Invariant prescription
    Paradoxical injunction
  16. 1.       Family functioning on clear generational boundaries, whereby the parents maintain control and authority.
        a.    Hierarchical structure  
    b. First order change             
    c. Second –order change            
    d. Family rules
    Hierarchical structure   
  17. 1.       Selvini Palazzoli’s term for balanced acceptance of family members.
        a.    Objectivity                 
    b. Neutrality                      
    c. Integrity                         
    d. Positive connotation
  18. 1.       An interaction stimulated in structural family therapy to observe and then change transactions that make up family structure.
         a.     Detriangulation      
    b. Enactment                    
    c. Disengagement           
    d. Joining
  19. These are smaller units in families, determined by generation, sex, or function.
         a.    Triangles                   
    b. Alliances                        
    c. Coalitions                       
    d. Subsystems
  20. An alliance between two persons or social units against a third.
         a.    Triangle                     
    b. Coalition                        
    c. Subsystem                    
    d. Triad
  21.  A nonverbal experiential technique in which family members position themselves in a tableau that reveals significant aspects of their perceptions and feelings.
       a.    Family myths              
    b. Family sculpting                         c. Family drawing                           d. Family painting
    Family myths
  22. 1.       A relationship based on direct, personal contact, rather than artificial professional roles.
         a.    Counter transference         
    b. Existential encounter    
    c. Face to face encounter          
    d. Therapeutic alliance
    Existential encounter    
  23. 1.       A set of beliefs based on a distortion of historical reality and shared by all family members that help shape the rules governing family functioning.
         a.    Family values                          
    b. Family myths               
    c. Family system                     
    d. Family rules
    Family myths     
  24. 1.       Winnicott’s term for defensive façade that comes to dominate some people’s dealings with others.
        a.    Persona                            
    b. Public  Image               
    c. False Self                        
    d. Pseudo Self
    False Self
  25. 1.       A primitive form of identification; taking in aspects of other people, which then become part of the self-image.
        a.   Internalized objects     
    b. Introjection                  
    c. Object relation            
    d. Projective identification
  26. 1.       Not merely imitation but appropriation of traits of an admired other.
        a.   Identification                  
    b. Idealization                   
    c. Object relation            
    d. Projection
  27. 1.       Return to a less mature level of functioning in the face of stress.
        a.    Fixation                             
    b. Regression                    
    c. Repression    
    d. Suppression
  28. 1.       Using high-probability behavior to reinforce low-probability behavior.
        a.    Reward                             
    b. Positive Reinforcement           c. Discipline        
    d. Premack Principle
    Premack Principle
  29. 1.       A form of learning whereby a person or animal is rewarded for performing certain behaviors.
        a.   Classical conditioning  
    b. Operant conditioning  
    c. Social Learning          
    d. Reinforcement reciprocity
    Operant conditioning   
  30. 1.       A behavioral technique for extinguishing undesirable behavior by removing the reinforcing consequences of that behavior.
        a.   Time-out                          
    b. Punishment                 
    c. Negative Reinforcement          d. Extinction
  31. 1.       An event, behavior, or object that increases the rate of a particular response.
        a.       Reward                             
        b. Reinforcement          
    c. Token economy         
    d. Unconditional response
  32. 1.       The art of analyzing literary texts or human experience, understood as fundamentally ambiguous, by interpreting levels of meaning.
        a.   Social constructivism  
    b. Hermeneutics             
    c. Post-modernism         
    d. Narrative Theory
  33. 1.       In family therapy this refers to challenging the idea of scientific certainty and linked to the method of deconstruction.
         a.   Post-modernism           
     b. NotKnowing                         c. Collaborative Model          
     d. Hermeneutics
  34. 1.       Term for a client who does not wish to be part of therapy, does not have a complaint, and does not wish to work on anything.
        a.   Customer                         
    b. Visitor                             
    c.Noncomplainant                     d. Observer
  35. 1.       A technique where clients are asked at the end of the initial sessions to think about what they do not want to change as a result of therapy.
        a.    Exception question      
    b. Miracle question        
    c. Formula first-session task       
    d. Scaling questions
    Formula first-session task
  36. 1.       A theorist usually associated with Solutions-focused therapy.
        a.       Steve de Shazer                            
    b. Virginia Satir                 
    c. Carl Whitaker               
    d. Michael White
    Steve de Shazer
  37. 1.       A technique in Narrative Therapy of personifying problems as separate from the person.
        a.   Deconstruction              
    b. Reconstruction                    c. Externalization             
    d. Restorying
  38. 1.       Term used to describe times when clients acted free of their problems even if they are unaware.
        a.   Exception question      
    b. Externalization            
    c. Unique Outcomes      
    d. Deconstruction
    Unique Outcomes
  39. 1.       A form of integration in which one follows a consistent model but makes occasional use of techniques from other approaches.
        a.    Eclecticism       
    b. Selective borrowing  
    c. Preferred view           
    d. Specially Designed Integration
           Specially Designed Integration
  40. 1.       A form of integration in which large number of elements from different approaches are combined.
    a. Eclecticism         
    b. Selective Borrowing                  
    c. Preferred View           
    d. Integrative Couple 
    Selective Borrowing
  41. 1.       Explanations based on the interactions among three people or objects.
        a. Triangulation                   
    b.Triadic model                               
    c. Threesome                   
    d. Open system
    Triadic model
  42. 1.       Explanations based on properties of a single person or object.
        a.    Detriangulation              
    b. Dyadic Model              
    c. Monadic Model           
    d. Closed system
    Monadic Model
  43. 1.       R. D. Laing’s concept that many families distort their children’s experience by relabeling it.
        a.   Denial                               
    b. Mystification                
    c. Repression                    
    d. Fusion
  44. 1.       Explanation of behavior in relationships as maintained by ratio of cost to benefits.
        a.    Social Change Theory           
    b. Social Constructionism          
    c. Social Learning             
    d. Classical Conditioning
    Social Change Theory   
  45. 1.       Studies of comparative effectiveness of various treatments in which patients are assigned without specific pattern to competing models of therapy.
        a.    Randomized Trials        
    b. Research Study Protocols   
    c. Outcome Research        
    d. Process Research
    Randomized Trials
  46. 1.       Studies designed to explore events that occur within the therapy interaction.
        a.   Outcome research       
    b. Meta-analyses                      
    c. Process research        
    d. Randomized trials
    Process research
  47. 1.       Which model utilizes process questions?
        a.   Bowenian                         
    b. Strategic                        
    c. Structural                       
    d. Experiential
  48. 1.       Terms such as aversive control, extinction, and reinforcement are often related to which model?
        a.   Cognitive-Behavioral   
    b. Structural                      
    c. Strategic                         
    d. Bowenian
  49. 1.       Identify the model associated with Virginian Satir and Cark Whitaker.
        a.    Strategic                           
    b. Structural                      
    c. Experiential                   
    d. Cognitive-behavioral
  50. 1.       This model utilizes concepts such as the following: drives, internals objects, projective identification, and fixation.
        a.    Narrative                            
    b. Experiential                  
    c. Psychodynamic           
    d. Structural