SOCIO221 CH 15
Card Set Information
SOCIO221 CH 15
SOCIO221 chapter 15 notecards
Violence refers to...
behavior that is intended to bring pain or physical injury to another person or to harm or destroy property
Example of violence
humans engage in a physical assault against another human
Two types of violence
Collective Violence refers to...
an organized violence by relatively large groups of people to promote or resist some social policies or practices
Example of collective violence
a mob of White people lynched a Black man and forced other Black people to leave Forsyth County in 1912
Interpersonal Violence refers to...
violence wherein a person in pursuing his or her own personal goals or is responding to the stresses of an immediate situation
Example of interpersonal violence
a gang member shot at a member of another gang and missed, but killed an innocent regnant woman who was in the area
Civil Disorder refers to...
strife or conflict that is threatening to the public order and that involves the government in some fashion, either as a party to the conflict or as a guardian of the public interest
Examples of civil disorder
Civil Disorder Abuse refers to...
the continued use of a psychoactive substance at a level that violates approved social practices
Example of civil disorder abuse
the use of the substance meets social disapproval and has negative consequences for the user's health, harms the user's relationships with others, and is a threat to others
Civil Disorder: Riots
conflicts wherein people will attack other people or attack property, merchandise, or equipment
Example of a riot
the Watts Riot of 1965
Civil Disorder: Labor Conflicts
conflicts wherein employees become pitted against employers and their representatives
Example of labor conflict
the Ludlow Massacre of 1914
Two types of riots
Communal riots refers to...
conflicts wherein people will attack other people
Example of communal riot
the Detroit riot of 1943
Commodity riot refers to...
conflicts wherein people will attack property, merchandise, or equipment
Example of commodity riot
the Waycross Georgia riot of 1968
Political Violence refers to...
a situation wherein groups resort to violence as a means of changing the government or economy
Examples of political violence
it can take the form of an insurrection, war, or terrorism
Three types of political violence
Insurrection refers to...
an organized action by some group to rebel against the existing government and to replace it with new political forms and leadership
Examples of insurrection
the effort of the southern states to secede form the USA in 1861
the effort of John Brown to attack the arsenal at Harper's Ferry in 1859
War refers to...
an organized action wherein one group or country will attempt to annihilate another group or country with overwhelming fire power
An example of war
the USA has been on of the most war-prone countries in the world
between 1798 and 1945 the president of the USA sent troops abroad for military purposes without the approval of Congress 163 times - an average of more than once per year
Terrorism refers to...
the attempt to achieve political goals by using fear and intimidation to disrupt the normal operations of a society
Examples of terrorism
the attack on the World Trade Center in 2001 by Al Qaeda
the attack on the Oaklahoma City federal building in 1995 by Timothy McVey which killed 167 people and wounded 442
Frustration refers to...
an inability to achieve sought after goals
Examples of frustration
people get frustrated when they cannot get a job they feel they are qualified to get
people get frustrated when they perceive they are being oppressed or exploited
frustration are among the roots of political violence in the form of terrorism
Relative Deprivation refers to...
the fact that people tend to feel deprived or frustrated in comparison to what other have or what they believe they deserve
Example of relative deprivation
people can have a sense of deprivation when there is a discrepancy between what they have come to expect or feel they deserve and what they actually receive
Massive Retaliation refers to...
a situation wherein one group or country in a conflict is able to deal overwhelming damages to another group or country
Example of massive retaliation
a country can try to prevent a war by amassing weaponry to use as a threat to another country
Mutually Assured Destruction refers to...
a situation two groups or two countries in a conflict have that might to destroy the other
Example of mutually assured destruction
the USA and the USSR during the early 1960s had the might to destroy each other and that prevented a war
Balance of Power refers to...
a situation where two groups or two countries in a conflict avoid a nuclear holocaust because the military capability of one side roughly balances that of the other side
Example of balance of power
Pakistan and India have the might to destroy each other and that has prevented a nuclear war over the Kashmir territory
Subculture of Violence refers to...
the norms and values that condone and legitimize the use of violence in resolving conflicts
Example of subculture of violence
there is a tendency in the USA to resolve interpersonal conflicts with physical assaults which often involve weapons, including guns and knives