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what federal laws guide the functions of cps
1974 Child Abuse Prevention & Treatment Act
what are the typical stages of the child protective process? What happens during each?
who are mandated reporters in general? What does this mean?
mandatory reporters are indiv. who are required to report child abuse/ neglect by law. Typically social workers, teachers and those who work with children. They can be penalized by law
How does Michigan CPS catergorize cases?
catergories 1-5 1-3 are the worst and are substantiated and 4&5 are unsubstiated
what is the diff between substantiated and unsubstantiated cases?
- substantiated: has been investigated and needs to be process
- unsubstantiated: no reason for futher proceesing
under what conditions do emergency removals occur
- imminent danger- if it seems likely that physical abuse occurred.
- Dangerous home situation
- abandonment(left home by themselves)
what are risk and protective factors? Diff btwn child/indiv., parent/family, and environmental factors?
- protectetive factors are good things that the family has going for themselves to help get through this crisis.
- Child/indiv. -what the child have going (good in school, age)
- parent/family- what is good about fam/parent (job, bond, admitting the need for help
- environmental: what goes on around the fam (church, safe neighborhood, etc.)
- RISK FACTOR is the opp
- child/indiv: ADHD, impulsiveness
- parent/family: maltreatment, lag in edu, job less, homeless,mental illness
- environ-bad neighborhood, slum lord
how long are cases allowed to remain open in Michigan
what is the diff between a case/treatment plan & permancy plan
- case/treatment: the plan to fix the family to get them what is needed to be functional
- permancy: the final result if the fam is reconciled, termination, etc. What we do at the end of the phase.
what role does the legal process serve in child protection cases?
- complimentary/enforcement functon
- can start at any time involved in :
- severe cases
- non complient cases
- long history cases
- civil proceddings
what are the basic stages of child maltreatment cases and what happens during each
what is the diff between adjudication/jurisdiction trial and termination trial?
- adj/jur.: finding of fact if they are guilty of hurting their child or not
- termination: parents have not complied and right will be served.
- burden of proofadj- a proponderence of the evidence(more than 50% that it occured)
- terminantion- clear and convincing (90% sure)
how does the child protection legal process compare to the criminal justice process?
they have prosecutors
who are the m ain court actors?
prosecutors(support DHS) referees/judges, defense attorney (for caretaker), GAL Guardian ad lideum (childs attorney)
what are the main characteristics of family centered treatment (both 'family support' and 'family preservation' models?) How about the 'shared fam. treatment' model?
- fam centered treatment is benign, fam is functioning okay can work w/ them so it wont happen again
- family support: willing to participate, few short months (preventative)
- fam preserv: mandated, fam in or near crisis
- shared fam treatment: reunification is questionable (out of home placement intense and longer term
what are the 3 phases of treatment? often associated w/ sexual abuse?
- 1. disclosure panic: shock, denial
- 2. assessment/awareness: realize it happened needs to fix it blame on perp.
- 3. restructure: hold perp responsible and support kids to cope
what does it mean to conceptualize services based on 'strengths' and 'deficits'
- looking at whats right first and build on that
- emphasizing and getting fam on board then
- moving into deficits and what is going wrong
what are 5 protective factor categories as asserted by the strengthing families framwork?
parental risilence, social connections, knowledge of parenting and child dev., concrete support in times of need, social and emotional competence of children
5 main options for 'placement' of maltreated children? adv & disadv.?
- 1.in home-support family unit, minimize intrusion if in imminent danger of fam can't protect
- 2. relative- less invasive that total seperation, guardian facilitates treatment, subj. to background checks
- 3. foster care- provides distance from unhealthy home, role models & advocate, local, more economical, strangers, attachment issues 'temporary'
- 4. group home- home setting, staff are guardians& role models, basic needs & treatment ore economical, adapting in bad ways, runaways,higher risk kids
- 5. residential/institutionalized-lAST RESORT, structure & security, goal is to rehab in order to enter foster care
what considerations go into palcement decisions?
best interest for safety & dev of kids, who is willing to take kids, & child's possible risk (i.e. involved in jj system.)
what is meant by a culture of foster care?
how the new placements affects the children, changing schools, aging out packing up things, being forced to adapt.
what types of challenges do youth who were in foster care encounter as they 'age out'
fending for oneself, lack of social suport, financial, edu. & emotional
What is the Seita Scholar Program
- program that supports the educational attainment for young adults who age out of foster care/ been in the foster care systems.
- fukk tuition support and holistic support model
what types of knowledge, skills, attributes, and edu must a protective worker have?
knowledge of child maltreatment, edu in human services field helpful, understanding, good professional judgement, healthy (emotionally and mentally), good morality, being flexible, working as a team, tough skin
what are main responsibilities of protection workers?
take reports & prioritize response, initiate & complete investigations, develop and manage case plan, arrange services, provide emotional support & progmatic needs, a nd report to court & others
what is role conflict as it relates to protective workers?
faced the expectectations of performing various roles at home. ie. child is being neglected but mother has been domestically abused(feel bad for her but angry because she maltreated kids)
what types of ups & downs did the speakers cover when working in the system?
burnout, stigma associated with cps workers, not being able to talk to others about work, sick sense of humor
what are three levels of p revention? examples
- primary- raise awareness to society (how to report, safe sleep, blue ribbon, K CAN)
- secondary- on verge of neglecting children (boys and girls club, head start)
- tertuiary: intervening after it has happened ( courts, cps, foster care)
how did the speakers illustrarte various levels of intervention
- amy & haley- CPS , and police officer who worked with child abuse & neglect --after the fact
- KCAN-karen focused on prevention and awareness community wide
what types of public awareness efforts exist in kalamazoo community regarding prevention?
lifesavers(candy) program, mandatory reporters training, blue ribbon trees, safe sleep programs
what is the authors background and motivation for writing the book
- The author was in foster care and expeciend the los angeles foster care system during a time when it was weak. He went to a college in new england, and later made his way into law school he decided to work with children and help the legal advocacy of those in care particulary making sure they were able to see their social w orkers at least once a month, a and properly placed (in the book he mentions a young man named jeff who was placed and mistreated elfufua (a institution) without a real reason. It was discovered that staff were violent, and mistreated the children.
- I think his purpose of writing the book is to finally tell the truth which he refused to let anyone know during his time in care
who are the main characters what is the basic storyline
- Ms Leonard/mr leonard and family
what facilities institutions & systems were involved in andy's life
medical (hospital becasue of cancer), foster care, church, school(honors, student body president and swim team), jobs, institution McLaren hall, mental hospital, california version of dhs, jobs for foster care children department, family(both foster fam and mother/grandmother)
what were the most salient risk and protective factors illustrated in the book at the child indiv level, fam/parental level, and environmental levels
- child ind.-school vs not being able trust anyone else to for stable relationships
- fam/parental bond vs mental illness
- environmental bad neighborhood vs church (social connections to get resources?)