Blood Composition

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Author:
PopeJim
ID:
251627
Filename:
Blood Composition
Updated:
2013-12-16 07:48:22
Tags:
Blood Composition Phlebotomy
Folders:
Blood,Composition-Phlebotomy
Description:
Blood Composition-Phlebotomy
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  1. Blood is the only ____ _____ _____ in the body.  Is a mixture of ____ and ____, which is ____ times thicker than ____.
    • living
    • fluid
    • tissue
    • fluid
    • cells
    • 5
    • water
  2. In ____ (in the ____ ____), blood has two parts, the fluid or _____ part and the cellular or ____ ____.
    • vivo
    • living body
    • plasma
    • formed elements
  3. Adult has ____ quarts of plasma (__%) and formed ____ (__%)
    • 5.5
    • 55
    • elements
    • 45
  4. Proteins, like ____, and ____ are manufactured in the ____.  Proteins help ____ ____ ____ or the tendency of blood to ____ ____.  ____ helps with ____.
    • albumin
    • fibrinogen
    • liver
    • regulate osmotic pressure
    • attract water
    • fibrinogen
    • clotting
  5. ____, ____, ____ are continually destroyed and _____ are made each ____.
    • RBC
    • WBC
    • platelets
    • millions
    • second
  6. What two ____ tissues make blood ____?
    • connective
    • cells
    • myeloid
    • lymphatic
  7. The formation of new blood ____ is called ____.
    • cells
    • hemopoiesis
  8. ____ tissue is also know as ____ ____ ____.
    • myeloid
    • reb bone marrow (RBM)
  9. RBM makes all types of blood cells except ____ and ____ which is produced by ____ ____.
    • lymphocytes
    • monocytes
    • lymphatic tissue
  10. RBC's ____ ____ called ____ unites with ____ to form ____
    • red pigment
    • hemoglobin
    • oxygen
    • oxyhemoglobin
  11. Anemia can be caused by ____ number of ____ or a ____ of ____.
    • low
    • RBCs
    • deficiency
    • hemoglobin
  12. ____ is __% to __% of ____.
    • Water
    • 90 to 92
    • plasma
  13. A part of plasma is ____ which include what 5 elements?
    • Electrolytes
    • Calcium
    • Chloride
    • Magesium
    • Potassium
    • Sodium
  14. Plasma is made of up proteins such as ___,___, and ___.  ____ is the most abundant and produced in the ____.  It helps to pull ____ into the bloodstream to help regulate ____ ____.
    • Albumin
    • Fibrinogen
    • Globulin
    • albumin
    • liver
    • water
    • blood pressure
  15. The protein ____ helps with _____ and is produced in the ____.  Without it in the plasma the remaining liquid is called ____.
    • fibrinogen
    • clotting
    • liver
    • serum
  16. The protein ____ is produced in both the ____ ____ and the ____.  It helps produce ____, which fight foreign invaders.
    • globulin
    • lymphatic system
    • liver
    • antibodies
  17. The most abundant plasma protein is ____, which is produced in the ____.  It assists in pulling ____ into the bloodstream to help regulate ____ ____.
    • albumin
    • liver
    • water
    • blood pressure
  18. The liquid portion of whole blood is ____, which is whole blood minus its ____ ____.
    • plasma
    • formed elements
  19. Anti-coagulated blood yields ____ containing ____ and ____ ____.
    • plasma
    • fibrinogen
    • clotting factors
  20. Coagulated blood (clotted blood) yields ____ without fibrinogen.  It is ____ minus its ____ ____.
    • serum
    • plasma
    • clotting factors
  21. Serum is the component that is neither a blood ____ (serum does not contain white or red blood cells) nor a ____ ____; it is the blood ____ with the ____ removed. Serum includes all ____ not used in blood ____ (coagulation) and all the electrolytes, ____, antigens, hormones, and any exogenous substances (e.g., drugs and microorganisms).
    • cell
    • clotting factor
    • plasma
    • fibrinogen
    • proteins
    • clotting
    • antibodies
  22. What 7 things make up plasma:
    • Water
    • Nutrients (Nuts are)
    • Hormones (Horny)
    • Electroyltes (and)
    • Proteins (which)
    • Waste
    • Protective substances
  23. Serum still contains ____, so it can be used to treat ____ with a need for a specific ____.
    • antibodies
    • patients
    • antibody
  24. What are the most numerous cells in blood?
    • RBC
    • erythrocytes
  25. RBCs transport ____ and ____ to and from the lungs and cells.
    • O2 (oxygen)
    • CO(carbon dioxide)
  26. RBCs are produced in ____ ____.
    bone marrow
  27. The nucleus of RBCs is _____ or _____ on both sides, which they ____ as they ____.
    • biconcave
    • indented
    • lose
    • mature
  28. RBCs live ____ days or __ months
    • 120 days
    • 4 months
  29. What two organs remove old RBCs
    • spleen
    • liver
  30. What is the main component of RBCs
    hemoglobin (Hgb)
  31. Hgb does 3 things:
    • transports O
    • transports CO
    • gives RBCs their red color
  32. RBC have an ____ function, which means their job is done w/i ____ ____ (____).
    • intravascular
    • blood vessels
    • veins
  33. RBCs average count is ___ to ___ million per mm3
    • 4.5
    • 5
  34. WBCs average count is ____ to ____ per mm3
    • 4,300
    • 10,800
  35. WBCs are also know as ____
    leukocytes
  36. WBCs are formed in ____ ____ and ____ ____.
    • bone marrow
    • lymphatic tissue
  37. WBCs function is ____ which is done outside of a ____ or ____ vessel.
    • extravascular
    • blood
    • lymph
  38. WBCs live __ to __ hrs in ____ but can live ____ years in ____.
    • 6
    • 8
    • blood
    • unknown
    • tissue
  39. ____ is the ability of ___ to pass thru the ____ of capillaries into ____.
    • diapedesis
    • WBCs
    • walls
    • tissue
  40. WBCs main function is to ____ ____.
    destroy pathogens
  41. WBCs destroy ____ by either ____ or ____ ____.  ____ means to ____ and ____ the pathogen.
    • pathogens
    • phagocytosis
    • creating antibodies
    • phagocytosis
    • surround
    • engulf
  42. ____ stain is used on WBCs to make visible the ____ called ____.  WBCs w/o visible ____ are called ____.
    • Wright's
    • granules
    • granulocytes
    • granules
    • agranulocytes
  43. The three types of ____ from least to most are ____, ____, and ____.
    • granulocytes
    • Basophils
    • Eosinophils
    • Neutrophils
  44. The two types of ____ most to least are ____ and ____.
    • agranulocytes
    • lymphocytes
    • monocytes
  45. The most numerous WBC are _____ which in average are __% to __% of WBCs total.  They are the main ____ ____.
    • neutrophils
    • 55
    • 65
    • phagocytic cells
  46. The life span of ____ is from _-hours to a ____ days.
    • neutrophils
    • 6
    • few
  47. The 1st and most numerous WBC to fight foreign bodies is ____.  Next to fight is the 2nd most numerous WBCs, ____.  Final to arrive are the largest WBCs, ____.
    • neutrophils
    • lymphocytes
    • monocytes
  48. ____ make up __ to __% of WBCs and mainly fight ____ ____, but they also increase with ____ and ____ ____ allergies.
    • Eosinophils
    • 1
    • 3
    • parasitic infections
    • asthma
    • hay fever
  49. Increased ____ is associated with pneumonia.
    neutrophils
  50. ____ are the ____ numerous of WBCs or __ to __%.  They release ____ and ____ which enhances the ____ response.
    • Basophils
    • least
    • .05
    • 1
    • histamine
    • heparin
    • inflammatory
  51. ____ are the ____ WBC making up __ to __%.  They destroy by ____.
    • Monocytes
    • largest
    • 1
    • 7
    • phagocytosis
  52. ____ are the 2nd most ____ WBC making up __ to __%.
    • Lymphocytes
    • numerous
    • 15
    • 30
  53. Another name for antibodies is ____ which are made by _-lymphocytes.  _-lymphocytes directly attack infected cells
    • immunoglobulin
    • B-lymphocyte
    • T-lymphocyte
  54. ___ WBC = ____ an infection
    ___ WBC = ____ to an infection
    ___ eosinophils = _____ if there is no ____ or ____ ____
    ___ basophils = ____
    • high
    • fighting
    • low
    • losing
    • high
    • parasites
    • asthma
    • hay fever
    • high
    • allergies
  55. ____ = ____ = the smallest of the ____ elements.
    • thrombocytes
    • platelets
    • formed
  56. ____ are part of a larger cells, ____, which come from ____ ____.
    • Platelets
    • megakaryocytes
    • bone marrow
  57. ____ are essential to ____.
    • platelets
    • coagulation
  58. Which cell is the 1st on the scene of an injury and has a life span around 10 days?
    platelets
  59. ____ = ____ which is the bodies process to stop bleeding
    • hemostasis
    • coagulation
  60. 3 steps of coagulation
    • vasoconstriction (blood vessels constrict)
    • platelets
    • clotting factors
  61. ____ cells arrives on RBCs and when come in ____ w/ the cut ____, ____, become very ____, & create a ____ (____ net).
    • platelets
    • contact
    • break
    • swell
    • sticky
    • plug
    • fibrinogen
  62. Blood clotting time:
    severe = 
    minor = 
    completely fills =
    • 15-20 seconds
    • 1-2 minutes
    • 3-6 minutes
  63. bandage time:
    normal person = 
    bleeder =
    • 3-5 minutes
    • 5-8 minutes
  64. ____ plug formation:
    1 - ____ & ____ ____
    2 - ____ takes inactive ____ combines it w/ ____ to make ____
    3 - ____ changes soluble ____ into insoluble ____, which ____ & seals the cut
    4 - ____ get imbedded in the ____
    • Platelet
    • 1 - rupture, release, thromboplastin
    • 2 - thromboplastin, prothrombin (pro=b4), calcium, thrombin
    • 3 - thrombin, fibrinogen, fibrin, clots
    • 4 - RBCs, fibrin
  65. ____ = a ____ staying in place
    • thrombus
    • clot
  66. ____ is when a dislodged ____, called a ____, circulates thru the ____ ____.
    • embolism
    • clot
    • embolus
    • blood stream
  67. 4 stages of hemostasis or ____ ____
    • blood stopping
    • vasoconstriction
    • platelet plug
    • blood clotting/coagulation
    • fibrinolysis=the dissolving of a clot
  68. Clot time is __ to __ minutes
    • 30
    • 60
  69. Most chemistry tests are performed ____ which has no ____.
    • serum
    • fibrinogen
  70. ____ prevents blood from ____, by binding ____.
    • Anticoagulants
    • clotting
    • calcium
  71. ____ contains ____ obtained by ____ a ____ tube for __ minutes.  Then it is carefully ____ w/o ____ it.
    • Plasma
    • fibrinogen
    • centrifuging
    • lavender
    • 10
    • moving
    • shivering
  72. ____ protects specimens from ____ and is ____ color
    • bilirubin
    • light
    • brown
  73. 99% of ____ make up ____
    • RBCs
    • plasma
  74. ____ = the % of ____ in a given volume of ____
    • he-mat-o-crit
    • RBCs
    • blood
  75. hematocrit for women = __ - __%
    men = __ - __ %
    • 35 - 47
    • 42 - 52
  76. Hgb contains ____. Normal levels for a woman is __-__.  For a man is __-__.
    • iron
    • 12-16
    • 14-18
  77. CBC is also know as ____
    differential
  78. All additives yield ____
    plasma
  79. ____ = low platelets
    ____ = high platelets
    • thrombocytopenia
    • thombocytosis
  80. ____ = low WBCs
    ____ = high WBCs
    • leukopenia
    • leukocytosis
  81. ____ = low RBCs
    ____ = high RBCs
    • anemia
    • polycythemia
  82. PVR = ___ ___ ___, and is the amount of ____ to blood ____ offered by the ____
    • peripheral vascular resistance
    • opposition
    • flow
    • arteries

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