History I Clep

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History I Clep
2013-12-09 10:44:39
American Revolution
American Revolution
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  1. What term referred to general search warrants issued to stop the evasion of Britain's mercantile trade restrictions?
    Writs of Assistance
  2. In 1761 this young Boston lawyer argued unsuccefully before a Massachusetts court that Writs of Assistance were contrary to law.
    James Otis
  3. What was Britain's Proclamation of 1763 issued for?
    To forbid Americans of settling west of the crests of the Appalachian Mountains.
  4. In 1764 this Act aimed at raising British revenue by taxing goods imported by the Americans.
    Sugar Act also called the Revenue Act
  5. This act required colonies in which British troops were stationed to pay for their maintenance.
    Ther Quartering act
  6. In 1764 this act forbid the colonies from developing any type of paper currency not redeemable in gold or silver.
    The Currency Act
  7. In 1765 this act passed parliament imposing the first direct tax on Americans.
    Stamp Act
  8. Who formed the organization known as the Sons of Liberty?
    Samuel Adams
  9. What Virginian introduced 7 resolutions denouncing the Stamp Act?
    Patrick Henry
  10. In October of 1765 what delegation of 9 colonies met to assert that they could not be taxed without consent given by their representatives.
    The Stamp Act Congress
  11. What was the most effective action the colonies took to have the Stamp Act repealed?
    non-importation boycott of British goods
  12. Upon repealing the Stamp Act in 1766 the parliament passed another act asserting their right to tax the colonies. What was this act called?
    The Declaratory Act
  13. What Philadelphia Lawyer wrote a Pamphlet called "Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania" to point out that the Townshend Acts violated the principle of taxation without representation.
    John Dickinson
  14. In February of 1768, the Mass. legislature, at the urging of Samuel Adams passed this petition mildly calling on Parliament to repeal the Townshend Acts.
    The Massachusetts Circular Letter
  15. In March of 1770 new Prime Minister Frederick Lord North repealed all the taxes except which?
    The Tea Tax
  16. What was the incident called that resulted in the killing of 5 Bostonians by British troops, despite it being self defense
    The Boston Massacre
  17. The burning of what British customs schooner was purported by Rhode Islanders who were dressed as Indians
    The Gaspee
  18. After the Townshend acts were repealed there was a time of relative peace. This peace came to an end after the passing of what act in 1773?
    The Tea Act
  19. On Dec. 16th a confrontation over the Tea Act was forced by pro British governor Thomas Hutchinson ending in what result?
    Bostonians boarded a merchant ship carrying tea and dumped it all into the Boston Harbor. This would be referred to as the Boston Tea Party
  20. After the Boston Tea Party the British responded with four acts collectively called what?
    The Coercive Acts
  21. Which of the Coercive Acts closed the port of Boston until the Local citizens paid for the tea they destroyed.
    The Boston Port Act
  22. Which of the Coercive Acts greatly increased the power of the Mass. governor at the expense of the legislature?
    The Massachusetts Government Act
  23. Which of the Coercive Acts stated that Royal officials accused of crimes would be tried elsewhere so they might be more easily acquitted?
    The Administration of Justice Act
  24. Which of the Coercive Acts allowed new governor, Thomas Gage, to quarter his troops anywhere including in unoccupied private homes.
    The Quartering Act- already in law but it was strengthened
  25. What act passed by parliament was lumped in with the coercive acts and together called the intolerable acts?
    The Quebec Act
  26. Parliament passed what act that extended the Quebec Province to the Ohio River and established Roman Catholicism as Quebec's official religion?
    The Quebec Act
  27. The first continental congress met in Sep. 1774 to pass what legislature that denounced the intolerable acts, called for strict non importation from and rigorous preparation of local militia.
    Suffolk Resolves
  28. Gen. Thomas Gage's attempt to find and destroy a reported stockpile of colonist's weapons on April 18, 1775 was thwarted by what to men who detected their movements?
    Paul Revere and William Dawes
  29. The first exchange of the revolution occurred at what small village?
  30. The bloodiest battle in the war occurred on June 17, 1775 and was where?
    Bunker Hill
  31. Who led the 2nd continental congress?
    John Dickinson
  32. In January 1776, Thomas Paine published a pamphlet calling for independence, it was named what?
    Common Sense
  33. What did Britain's Prohibitory Act mean to the colonies?
    It declared the colonies to be in rebellion and they were no longer under the kings protection
  34. On June 7, 1776 who was to lead the committee to work out the frame work for a national govt for the colonies?
    John Dickinson
  35. Who was to lead the committee to draft a document declaring America's independence?
    Thomas Jefferson
  36. When was the declaration of independence adopted?
    July 4th, 1776
  37. What fort did the American forces take in May 1775 under Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold?
    Fort Ticonderoga
  38. What were German troops hired by the British called by colonists?
    Hessians because they were primarily from Hesse-Kassel Germany
  39. How did Gen. Washington force the British to evacuate Boston in March 1776?
    He placed cannons captured from Ticonderoga on Dorchester Heights, overlooking Boston forcing them to evacuate.
  40. What battle forced Gen. Washington to retreat across New Jersey in August 19-30 1776?
    The Battle of Washington Heights
  41. What day did Gen. Washington cross the Delaware river to defeat the Hessions at Trenton?
    December 25, 1776
  42. What country covertly shipped arms to the Americans to help them defeat the British?
  43. What victory, Sep-Oct 1777, by Gen. Horato Gates troops who were led into battle by Benedict Arnold convinced other nations to openly join the war against the British?
  44. Who's brilliant strategy led to a crushing victory for America in the battle of Cowpens, SC Jan 17, 1781?
    Nathaniel Greene, carried out by his subordinate Daniel Morgan
  45. British Gen. Henry Clinton instructed Gen. Cornwallis to take up a defense position where his army would be surrounded with the help of the French navy and army and forced to surrender Oct. 17, 1781. Where was this?
  46. What American famous naval leader conducted raids off the coast of Britain?
    John Paul Jones
  47. What treaty brought peace after the American Revolution?
    The Treaty of Paris 1783
  48. Who had the lead role in writing the Articles of the Confederation?
    John Dickinson
  49. In the summer of 1776 this document was written to outline the framework for a national government.
    The Articles of Confederation
  50. The Articles of Confederation provided for what type of congress?
  51. What were some of the downfalls of the Articles of Confederation?
    National govt. could not levy taxes, raise troops, or regulate commerce
  52. Those who wanted a stronger national govt. in 1783 consulted with Gen. Gates as to the possibility of using the army to over throw the current govt. What was this plan called?
    The Newburgh Conspiracy
  53. This provided for a territorial government and an orderly system by which each territory could progress to full statehood.
    The Land Ordinance of 1784
  54. This provided for the orderly surveying and distributing of land in townships six mile square, each composed of 36 one square mile (640) acre sections, one should be set aside for support of education.
    The Land Ordinance of 1785
  55. This provided a bill of rights for settlers and forbade slavery north of the Ohio River. It also provided for the creation of 3 to 5 territories which could be admitted to the Union upon reaching sufficient population.
    The northwest Ordinance of 1787
  56. During this action Western Mass. farmers shut down courts to prevent judges from seizing property of condemning people to debtor's prison for failing to pay their taxes.
    Shay's Rebellion, led by Daniel Shays