What term referred to general search warrants issued to stop the evasion of Britain's mercantile trade restrictions?
Writs of Assistance
In 1761 this young Boston lawyer argued unsuccefully before a Massachusetts court that Writs of Assistance were contrary to law.
What was Britain's Proclamation of 1763 issued for?
To forbid Americans of settling west of the crests of the Appalachian Mountains.
In 1764 this Act aimed at raising British revenue by taxing goods imported by the Americans.
Sugar Act also called the Revenue Act
This act required colonies in which British troops were stationed to pay for their maintenance.
Ther Quartering act
In 1764 this act forbid the colonies from developing any type of paper currency not redeemable in gold or silver.
The Currency Act
In 1765 this act passed parliament imposing the first direct tax on Americans.
Who formed the organization known as the Sons of Liberty?
What Virginian introduced 7 resolutions denouncing the Stamp Act?
In October of 1765 what delegation of 9 colonies met to assert that they could not be taxed without consent given by their representatives.
The Stamp Act Congress
What was the most effective action the colonies took to have the Stamp Act repealed?
non-importation boycott of British goods
Upon repealing the Stamp Act in 1766 the parliament passed another act asserting their right to tax the colonies. What was this act called?
The Declaratory Act
What Philadelphia Lawyer wrote a Pamphlet called "Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania" to point out that the Townshend Acts violated the principle of taxation without representation.
In February of 1768, the Mass. legislature, at the urging of Samuel Adams passed this petition mildly calling on Parliament to repeal the Townshend Acts.
The Massachusetts Circular Letter
In March of 1770 new Prime Minister Frederick Lord North repealed all the taxes except which?
The Tea Tax
What was the incident called that resulted in the killing of 5 Bostonians by British troops, despite it being self defense
The Boston Massacre
The burning of what British customs schooner was purported by Rhode Islanders who were dressed as Indians
After the Townshend acts were repealed there was a time of relative peace. This peace came to an end after the passing of what act in 1773?
The Tea Act
On Dec. 16th a confrontation over the Tea Act was forced by pro British governor Thomas Hutchinson ending in what result?
Bostonians boarded a merchant ship carrying tea and dumped it all into the Boston Harbor. This would be referred to as the Boston Tea Party
After the Boston Tea Party the British responded with four acts collectively called what?
The Coercive Acts
Which of the Coercive Acts closed the port of Boston until the Local citizens paid for the tea they destroyed.
The Boston Port Act
Which of the Coercive Acts greatly increased the power of the Mass. governor at the expense of the legislature?
The Massachusetts Government Act
Which of the Coercive Acts stated that Royal officials accused of crimes would be tried elsewhere so they might be more easily acquitted?
The Administration of Justice Act
Which of the Coercive Acts allowed new governor, Thomas Gage, to quarter his troops anywhere including in unoccupied private homes.
The Quartering Act- already in law but it was strengthened
What act passed by parliament was lumped in with the coercive acts and together called the intolerable acts?
The Quebec Act
Parliament passed what act that extended the Quebec Province to the Ohio River and established Roman Catholicism as Quebec's official religion?
The Quebec Act
The first continental congress met in Sep. 1774 to pass what legislature that denounced the intolerable acts, called for strict non importation from and rigorous preparation of local militia.
Gen. Thomas Gage's attempt to find and destroy a reported stockpile of colonist's weapons on April 18, 1775 was thwarted by what to men who detected their movements?
Paul Revere and William Dawes
The first exchange of the revolution occurred at what small village?
The bloodiest battle in the war occurred on June 17, 1775 and was where?
Who led the 2nd continental congress?
In January 1776, Thomas Paine published a pamphlet calling for independence, it was named what?
What did Britain's Prohibitory Act mean to the colonies?
It declared the colonies to be in rebellion and they were no longer under the kings protection
On June 7, 1776 who was to lead the committee to work out the frame work for a national govt for the colonies?
Who was to lead the committee to draft a document declaring America's independence?
When was the declaration of independence adopted?
July 4th, 1776
What fort did the American forces take in May 1775 under Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold?
What were German troops hired by the British called by colonists?
Hessians because they were primarily from Hesse-Kassel Germany
How did Gen. Washington force the British to evacuate Boston in March 1776?
He placed cannons captured from Ticonderoga on Dorchester Heights, overlooking Boston forcing them to evacuate.
What battle forced Gen. Washington to retreat across New Jersey in August 19-30 1776?
The Battle of Washington Heights
What day did Gen. Washington cross the Delaware river to defeat the Hessions at Trenton?
December 25, 1776
What country covertly shipped arms to the Americans to help them defeat the British?
What victory, Sep-Oct 1777, by Gen. Horato Gates troops who were led into battle by Benedict Arnold convinced other nations to openly join the war against the British?
Who's brilliant strategy led to a crushing victory for America in the battle of Cowpens, SC Jan 17, 1781?
Nathaniel Greene, carried out by his subordinate Daniel Morgan
British Gen. Henry Clinton instructed Gen. Cornwallis to take up a defense position where his army would be surrounded with the help of the French navy and army and forced to surrender Oct. 17, 1781. Where was this?
What American famous naval leader conducted raids off the coast of Britain?
John Paul Jones
What treaty brought peace after the American Revolution?
The Treaty of Paris 1783
Who had the lead role in writing the Articles of the Confederation?
In the summer of 1776 this document was written to outline the framework for a national government.
The Articles of Confederation
The Articles of Confederation provided for what type of congress?
What were some of the downfalls of the Articles of Confederation?
National govt. could not levy taxes, raise troops, or regulate commerce
Those who wanted a stronger national govt. in 1783 consulted with Gen. Gates as to the possibility of using the army to over throw the current govt. What was this plan called?
The Newburgh Conspiracy
This provided for a territorial government and an orderly system by which each territory could progress to full statehood.
The Land Ordinance of 1784
This provided for the orderly surveying and distributing of land in townships six mile square, each composed of 36 one square mile (640) acre sections, one should be set aside for support of education.
The Land Ordinance of 1785
This provided a bill of rights for settlers and forbade slavery north of the Ohio River. It also provided for the creation of 3 to 5 territories which could be admitted to the Union upon reaching sufficient population.
The northwest Ordinance of 1787
During this action Western Mass. farmers shut down courts to prevent judges from seizing property of condemning people to debtor's prison for failing to pay their taxes.