hormones Quiz- 9
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Reticular Activating Sysyem
- What is the system that controls your level of ALERTNESS?
Delta= deep sleep
- Brain Waves on EEG
- beta indicates...
- alpha indicates...
- delta indicates...
Rapid Eye Movement
(beta waves, NOT delta)
- What is characteristic of Paradoxical sleep?
also: motivation, learning and memory
- What is associated function for the limbic system?
Rehearsal (practice) and need to Code or consolidate info.
What does it take to turn short term memory into Long term memory?
enter the BLOOD, and travels in the BLOOD. They attach to RECEPTORS
How do hormones leave glands? How do they reach their targets? And what do they attach to once reaching their target?
steroids and amino acids/proteins
What are the two types of chemicals of hormones?
Second messenger and Gene activation.
Second messenger- Starts outside the cell, causing internal reaction thru a series of steps/reactions. typically used for proteins.
Gene activation- steroids pass thru cell membrane, attach to a protein forming a hormone complex then directly acts on the DNA effecting transcription.
There are two types of mechanism for hormones, what are they? What is the main difference between them?
The hypothalamus controls the pituitary.
Hypothalamus lies just above the brain stem. The pituitary gland is attached to the bottom of the hypothalamus. pituitary gland consists of two major regions: the anterior and the posterior
What is the connection between the hypothalamus and pituitary?
- What is an example of a protein?
Growth Hormone (GH) ------- growth
Adrenocorticotropic (ACTH)---cortisol secretion
Thyroid stimulating(TSH)-----thyroxine " "
Prolactin (PRL)----------=---- milk secrets
Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) --sex funct.
Luteinizing hormone (LH) ----sexual function
Calcitonin----------------------takes in Ca
Parathyroid hormone (PTH)--releases Ca
Insulin--------------------------take in sugar
List the hormones that are proteins
Antidiuretic (ADH)------------retains water
Oxytocin----let down reflex/contraction of uterus
List hormones that are peptides
Thyroxine (T4) ----------increase metabolic rate
- it's an amino acid but also has iodine
Epinephrine&Norepinephrine-----adjust to stress
List hormones that are amino acids
aldosterone---------excrete potassium (kidneys)
cortisol--release nutrients(elevates blood sugar)
sex hormones---sexual maturity
List hormones that are steroids
GH is made when it's told to by the hypothalamus, by the release of GH releasing hormones. Once GH is made, then it causes growth via entering & travelling through the bloodstream.
How does hypothalamus and anterior pituitary gland interact?
growth hormone, adrenocorticotropic, thyroid stimulating, prolactin, follicle stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone
List hormones in the anterior pituitary
list hormones in posterior pituitary
thyroxine (T4), calcitonin
list hormones in thyroid gland
list hormones in parathyroid gland
aldosterone, cortisol, sex hormones
list hormones in adrenal cortex
epinephrine and norepinephrine
list hormones in adrenal medulla
list hormones in pancreas
*antidiuretic, posterior pituitary
*which hormone causes your kidneys to retain water? where is it found?
calcitonin, thyroid gland
which hormone takes in calcium? where is it found?
which hormone lowers blood sugar? where is it found?
*thyroxine, thyroid gland
*which hormone speeds up your cells/speeds up your metabolic rate? where is it found?
growth hormone, anterior pituitary
which hormone causes growth? where is it found?
ACTH (adrenocorticotropic), anterior pituitary
which hormone causes cortisol secretion? where is it found?
thyroid stimulating (TSH), anterior pituitary
which hormone causes thyroxine secretion? where is it found?
prolactin, anterior pituitary
which hormone causes milk secretion? where is it found?
follicle stimulating and luteinizing hormones, anterior pituitary
which hormones cause adult sexual function? where are they found?
*parathyroid hormone, parathyroid gland
*which hormone releases calcium? where is it found?
*Oxytocin, posterior pituitary
*which hormone causes the let-down reflex? where is it found?
*aldosterone, adrenal cortex
*which hormone excretes potassium? where is it found?
cortisol, adrenal cortex
which hormone releases nutrients to the cells? where is it found?
sex hormones, andrenal cortex
which hormone causes sexual maturity in the body? where is it found?
*epinephrine & norepinephrine, adrenal medulla
*which hormone adjusts to stress? where is it found?
*which hormone causes an increase to blood sugar? where is it found?
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