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2013-12-08 14:08:33
sociology final exam

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  1. From 2001 to 2002, the infant mortality rate in the u.s rose slightly, demographers speculate that the cause for this blip in the mortality rate include:
    All of the above
  2. Human exemptionalism  is:
    the attitude that humans are exempt from ecological limits
  3. Environmental sociology is:
    the study of environmental issues and the interactions between the natural environment and the impact of human population
  4. Thomas Malthus Theory of Population holds that:
    the population would increase by multiples, doubling every 25 years and would increase much faster than the food supply
  5. ecology is linked to environmental sociology because:
    environmental sociology is the study of environmental issues and the interactions between the natural environment and the impact of human populations
  6. the demographic transition theory:
    as society evolves from a traditional pre modern stage to a modern industrial stage, there is a change from high birth and death rates to low birth and death rates with a period of rapid population growth in between
  7. a population pyramid for age and sex in the u.s would show:
    how many males and females from each age category there are in the u.s today
  8. the terms fertility and mortality are linked because:
    fertility is a measure of the rate at which people are born and mortality is the rate at which people die
  9. ecology is:
    the study of how living organisms and the natural environment interact
  10. demography is:
    the study of human population
  11. In India in July, ice cream bars melt rapidly. In Georgia in July, temperature hover between 90 and 100. The rate f melting ice cream bars in India is highly and positively correlated with the temperature increase in Georgia in July. This means
    that the georgia temperatures caused the ice cream bar t melt in India
  12. a sample is selected in such a way that every member of the population has an equal chance of being selected for the sample would be:
    simple random sampling
  13. Which of the following is NOT a  commonly used research method:
    professionally led support groups
  14. the statement " students who attend a bar a club more than once per week have lower grade point averages than those who dont" is an example of a:
  15. which of the following is not a step in the research proposal:
    helping subjects to get jobs after they have participated in the research
  16. a sociologist is studying people serving in prison. Which of the following questions would reveal that the sociologist is using a descriptive research approach:
    Do people who have served time in prison have more trouble finding jobs than people who have not been in prison?
  17. Qualitative research:
    used to determine the essential characteristics, properties, or processes of something or someone
  18. a sociologist wants to determine how religious people are. shew decided to survey people and ask how often they attend religious services. This method may lack:
  19. Dr. Smith is using a questionnaire to test attitudes of smoking towards non smoking laws. he knows this questionnaire is valid if:
    it actually measures how many cigarettes each subject smokes per day
  20. which of the following are understood by sociologists as the standards for scientific inquiry:
    objectivity, replication, validity, reliability, precision of measurement
  21. the _____ paradigms are macro level approaches that paint societies in broad strokes
    structural functional and social conflict
  22. microsociological orientations, such as _____ theory, study individuals in society and their definitions of situations, meanings, roles, interaction patterns, and the like
    symbolic interaction theory
  23. which of the following are true.
    manifest functions are intended and recognized; latent functions are not intended but may still be important
  24. which paradigm suggests that society is created, defined, reacted to and maintained when individuals interact with each other in groups
    interaction theory
  25. which paradigm suggests that society is made up of interest groups that exist in competition with each other for limited time
    conflict theory
  26. a paradigm is
    basically a model for examining or thinking about something
  27. according to mead who played an important role in the development of ____, it is the ability of humans to use symbols that sets us apart from animals and that allows us to create social institutions, societies, and cultures
    symbolic interaction theory
  28. unrecognized and unintended consequences of the social structure are called:
    latent functions
  29. when using an inductive approach, the theorist:
    starts by collecting facts and attempts to see how the facts merge into a theory
  30. what is the difference between theory and research?
    theory is an explanation of how concepts might be related and research is a scientific study designed to support a thesis
  31. minority groups are groups that:
    have less power and fewer privileges than the dominant goup
  32. Julie has been at the company for 10 years and has not had equal opportunities and access to the resources associated with wealth, power, and prestige as her male counterparts have. this can be defined as
    gender stratification
  33. Susan just got her PhD. she is the first in her poor family to graduate high school, and just has obtained a job teaching at the local university. this is best described as
    intragenerational mobility
  34. in the u.s wealth is distributed unequally. in economic studies of the u.s it has been found that the top one percent of the population:
    hold about 40 percent of the wealth in the nation