CNA- Chapter 11

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CNA- Chapter 11
2013-12-08 15:29:09
key terms abbreviations

Preventing Infection
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  1. asepsis
    being free of disease-producing microbes
  2. biohazardous waste
    items contaminated with blood, body fluids, secretions, or excretions, bio means life, and hazardous means dangerous or harmful
  3. carrier
    a human or animal that is a reservoir for microbes, but does not have the signs and symptoms of infection
  4. clean technique / medical asepsis
    practices used to remove or destroy pathogens; and to prevent their spread from one person or place, to another person or place
  5. communicable disease / contagious disease
    a disease caused by pathogens that spread easily
  6. contamination
    the process of becoming unclean
  7. disinfection
    the process of destroying pathogens
  8. healthcare-associated infection (HAI)
    an infection thatĀ develops in a person cared for in any setting where health care given; the infection is related to receiving health care
  9. infection
    a disease state resulting from the invasionĀ and growth of microbes in the body
  10. microbe / microorganism
    a small (micro) living plant or animal (organism) seen only with a microscope
  11. non-pathogen
    a microbe that does not usually cause an infection
  12. pathogen
    a microbe that is harmful and can cause an infection
  13. sterile
    the absence of all microbes
  14. sterilization
    the process of destroying all microbes
  15. AIIR
    Airborne infection isolation room
  16. CDC
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; federal
  17. HAI
    Healthcare-associated infection
  18. HBV
    Hepatitis B virus
  19. HIV
    Human immunodeficiency virus
  20. MDRO
    multidrug-resistant organism
  21. MRSA
    methicillin-resistant Staphyloccus aureus
  22. OPIM
    other potentially infectious materials
  23. OSHA
    Occupational Safety and Health Administration
  24. PPE
    Personal protective equipment
  25. TB
  26. VRE
    Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus