Easy Points: Medicine - HEENT - Headache

Card Set Information

Author:
orcl777
ID:
251733
Filename:
Easy Points: Medicine - HEENT - Headache
Updated:
2013-12-09 05:44:17
Tags:
HEENT olfu2016
Folders:
Medicine
Description:
HEENT, Medicine
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user orcl777 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Dilatation of arteries outside or inside the skull, possibly of biochemical origin;often familial
    Migraine headache
  2. Dilatation of arteries, mainly inside the skull
    Toxic Vascular Headache
  3. Probably the sustained contraction of the extraocular muscles, and possibly of the frontal, temporal, and occipital muscles
    Headaches with errors of refraction
  4. Sudden increase in intraocular pressure
    Headaches with acute glaucoma
  5. Mucosal inflammation of the paranasal sinuses and their openings
    Headaches with acute paranasal sinus
  6. Chronic inflammation of the cranial arteries, cause unknown,often associated with polymyalgia rheumatica
    Giant cell arteritis
  7. Bleeding into the subdural space after trauma, followed by slow accumulation of fluid that compresses the brain
    Chronic subdural hematoma
  8. Infection of the meninges that surround the brain
    Meningitis
  9. Bleeding, most often from a ruptured intracranial aneurysm
    Subarachnoid hemorrhage
  10. Displacement of or traction on pain sensitive arteries and veins or pressure on nerves,all within the skull
    Brain tumor
  11. Usually bilateral; maybe generalized or localized to the back of the head and upper neck or to the frontotemporal area
    Tension headache
  12. Typically frontal or temporal, one or both sides, but also may be occipital or generalized. “Classic migraine” is typically unilateral.
    Migraine headache
  13. One-sided; high in the nose, and behind and over the eye
    Cluster headache
  14. Around and over the eyes, may radiate to the occipital area
    Headache with errors of refraction
  15. In and around one eye
    Headache with acute glaucoma
  16. Usually above the eye (frontal sinus) or in the cheekbone area (maxillary sinus), one or both sides
    Headaches with acute paranasal sinus
  17. Cheek, jaws, lips, or gums (second and third divisions of the trigeminal nerve)
    Trigeminal neuralgia
  18. Localized near the involved artery (most often the temporal,also the occipital);may become generalized
    Giant cell arteritis
  19. May be localized to the injured area, but not necessarily
    Post-concussion syndrome
  20. Varies with the location of the tumor
    Brian tumor
  21. Mild and aching or a nonpainful tightness and pressure
    Tension headache
  22. Throbbing or aching, variable in severity
    Migraine headache
  23. Steady, aching, dull
    Headache with errors of refraction
  24. Steady, aching, often severe
    Headaches with acute glaucoma
  25. Aching or throbbing, variable in severity
    Headache with acute paranasal sinusitis
  26. Sharp, short, brief,lightning like jabs;very severe
    Trigeminal neuralgia
  27. Aching, throbbing, or burning, often severe
    Giant cell arteritis
  28. Very severe, “the worst of my life”
    Subarachnoid hemorrhage
  29. Aching, steady, variable in intensity
    Brain tumor
  30. Fairly rapid, reaching a peak in 1–2 hours
    Migraine headache
  31. Abrupt, often 2–3 hours after falling asleep
    Cluster headache
  32. Gradual onset weeks to months after the injury
    Chronic subdural hemorrhage
  33. Within a few hours of the injury
    Post-concussion syndrome
  34. Usually abrupt. Prodromal symptoms may occur
    Subarachnoid hemorrhage
  35. Often recurrent or persistent over long periods
    Tension headache
  36. Often begins between childhood and early adulthood. Typically recurrent at intervals of weeks, months, or years,usually decreasing with pregnancy and advancing age
    Migraine headache
  37. Typically clustered in time, with several each day or week and then relief for weeks or months
    Cluster headache
  38. Often recurrent in a repetitive daily pattern:starting in the morning (frontal) or in the afternoon (maxillary)
    Headache with acute paranasal sinusitis
  39. Pain may be troublesome for months, then disappears for months, but often recurs. It is uncommon at night.
    Trigeminal neuralgia
  40. Recurrent or persistent over weeks to months
    Giant cell arteritis
  41. Progressively severe but may be obscured by clouded consciousness
    Post concussion syndrome
  42. Symptoms of anxiety,tension, and depression may be present.
    Tension headache
  43. Often nausea and vomiting. A minority of patients have preceding visual disturbances (local flashes of light,blind spots) or neurologic symptoms (local weakness, sensory disturbances, and other symptoms).
    Migraine headache
  44. Unilateral stuffy, runny nose, and reddening and tearing of the eye
    Cluster headache
  45. Eye fatigue, “sandy”sensations in the eyes, redness of the conjunctiva
    Headache with errors of refraction
  46. Diminished vision, sometimes nausea and vomiting
    Headache with acute glaucoma
  47. Local tenderness, nasal congestion, discharge, and fever
    Headache with acute paranasal sinusitis
  48. Exhaustion from recurrent pain
    Trigeminal neuralgia
  49. Tenderness of the adjacent scalp; fever, malaise, fatigue, and anorexia; muscular aches and stiffness;visual loss or blindness
    Giant cell arteritis
  50. Alterations inconsciousness, changes in personality, and hemiparesis (weakness on one side of the body). The injury is often forgotten.
    Chronic subdural hematoma
  51. Poor concentration, giddiness or vertigo,irritability, restlessness,tenseness, and fatigue
    Post-concussion syndrome
  52. Fever, stiff neck
    Meningitis
  53. Nausea, vomiting, possibly loss of consciousness, neck pain
    Subarachnoid hemorrhage
  54. Neurologic and mental symptoms and nausea and vomiting may develop.
    Brain tumor
  55. Sustained muscular tension, as in driving or typing; emotional
    Tension headache
  56. May be provoked by alcohol, certain foods,or tension. More common premenstrually.Aggravated by noise and bright light
    Migraine headache
  57. Fever, carbon monoxide, hypoxia,withdrawal of caffeine, other causes
    Toxic vascular headache
  58. During a cluster, maybe provoked by alcohol
    Cluster headaches
  59. Prolonged use of the eyes, particularly for close work
    Headaches with errors of refraction
  60. Sometimes provoked by drops that dilate the pupils
    Headache with acute glaucoma
  61. May be aggravated by coughing, sneezing, or jarring the head
    Headache with acute paranasal sinusitis
  62. Typically triggered by touching certain areas of the lower face or mouth,or by chewing, talking,or brushing teeth
    Trigeminal neuralgia
  63. Mental and physical exertion, straining,stooping, emotional excitement, alcohol
    Post-concussion syndrome
  64. May be aggravated by coughing, sneezing, or sudden movements of the head
    Brain tumor
  65. Relieved by: Possible massage, relaxation
    Tension headache
  66. Relieved by: Quiet, dark room;sleep; sometimes transient relief from pressure on the involved artery, if early in the course
    Migraine headache
  67. Relieved by: Rest of the eyes
    Headache with refractory error
  68. Relieved by: Nasal decongestants
    Headache with acute paranasal sinusitis
  69. Relieved by: Rest
    Post-concussion syndrome
  70. The two most common kinds of headache
    Tension headache and migraine headache
  71. Vascular headaches
    Migraine headache, Toxic vascular headache, Cluster headache
  72. Associated with Face pain
    • Cluster headache, Headache with errors of refraction, Headache with acute glaucoma, Headache with acute paranasal sinusitis, Trigeminal neuralgia
  73. Consider these three in older adults
    Trigeminal neuralgia, Giant cell arteritis, Chronic subdural hematoma
  74. Headaches following head trauma
    Chronic subdural hematoma, Post-concussion syndrome
  75. Acute illnesses with very severe headaches
    Meningitis, subarachnoid hemorrhage
  76. An underlying concern of patient and clinician alike
    Brain tumor

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview