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The process whereby people adapt to a new culture by adopting its values (marked by physical and psychological changes)
Degree of acculturation stress depends on:
dissimilarity, previous experience, language, demographics, psychological strength
acculteration stress: decrease in physical and mental health
Kim's model of acculturation
Acculturation is not a one-way process (interaction between individual and culture) and the role of the host environment, role of predisposition (personal charactersitics) and role of communication explain process.
John Berry's modes of acculturation chart
- n separation integration
- e marginalization assimilation
- host culture
cultural trasnmutation: identification with a third cultural group
- culture shock
- reentry shock
Ingredients for intercultural competence
- Situational feature
degree to which person interacts with other cultures
actual enactment of knowledge and affective components: nonverbals, verbals, role enactment
the actual situation in which intercultural communication occurs
Asian americans health beliefs
Health= balance with the five elements
yin: cancer and pregnancy with yang foods (chicken, eggs, beef)
yang: infections and hypertension with yin foods (pork, fish, veggies)
Hmong health beliefs
- mild illnesses: earth
- serious illnesses: spirtual
treatment: use shaman
How is health communication intercultural communication?
culture of patients v. culture of medical professionals
different cultures of the individuals in the interaction
Physicians focus on symptoms, body not "whole person"
Culture of patiences: combination of physical and thoughts, beliefs, feelings, environment
What happens when a patient's health beliefs get further away from the biomedical model?
The less patients experience health and illness from the biomedical perspective, the greater chance there is for resisting medical treatment, failure to adhere to the physicians treatment recommendations
4 categories to describe illness
- 1. individual: behavioral choices cause illness
- 2. natural world: bacteria, pollution ,etc.
- 3. social world: conflicts causing stress
- 4. supernatural world: ancestors and gods cause illness