Culture and Comm Final Chapter 12 + Health

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Culture and Comm Final Chapter 12 + Health
2013-12-08 17:13:20

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  1. Acculturation defined
    The process whereby people adapt to a new culture by adopting its values (marked by physical and psychological changes)
  2. Degree of acculturation stress depends on:
    dissimilarity, previous experience, language, demographics, psychological strength

    acculteration stress: decrease in physical and mental health
  3. Kim's model of acculturation
    Acculturation is not a one-way process (interaction between individual and culture) and the role of the host environment, role of predisposition (personal charactersitics) and role of communication explain process.
  4. John Berry's modes of acculturation chart
    • n  separation              integration
    • a
    • t
    • i
    • v
    • e  marginalization      assimilation
    •                  host culture

    cultural trasnmutation: identification with a third cultural group
  5. W-Curve
    • honeymoon
    • culture shock
    • adjustment
    • acculturation
    • reentry shock
    • readjustment
    • integration
  6. Ingredients for intercultural competence
    • Knowledge
    • Affective
    • Psychomotor
    • Situational feature
  7. Affective component
    degree to which person interacts with other cultures
  8. psychomotor component
    actual enactment of knowledge and affective components: nonverbals, verbals, role enactment
  9. situational feature
    the actual situation in which intercultural communication occurs
  10. Asian americans health beliefs
    Health= balance with the five elements

    yin: cancer and pregnancy with yang foods (chicken, eggs, beef)

    yang: infections and hypertension with yin foods (pork, fish, veggies)
  11. Hmong health beliefs
    • mild illnesses: earth
    • serious illnesses: spirtual

    treatment: use shaman
  12. How is health communication intercultural communication?
    culture of patients v. culture of medical professionals

    different cultures of the individuals in the interaction
  13. Biomedical model
    Physicians focus on symptoms, body not "whole person"
  14. Biopsychosocial
    Culture of patiences: combination of physical and thoughts, beliefs, feelings, environment
  15. What happens when a patient's health beliefs get further away from the biomedical model?
    The less patients experience health and illness from the biomedical perspective, the greater chance there is for resisting medical treatment, failure to adhere to the physicians treatment recommendations
  16. 4 categories to describe illness
    • 1. individual: behavioral choices cause illness
    • 2. natural world: bacteria, pollution ,etc. 
    • 3. social world: conflicts causing stress
    • 4. supernatural world: ancestors and gods cause illness