MACRO - Chapter 7

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MACRO - Chapter 7
2013-12-08 17:25:07
Monetary Policy Bank Canada

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  1. What do Central Banks do?
    Changes the money supply and interest rates, aiming for an inflation control target that will achieve steady growth, full employment and stable prices
  2. Monetary Policy
    changing the supply of money and interest rates to achieve steady growth, full employment and price stability
  3. Price Stability
    When inflation rates are low enough to not influence peoples decisions
  4. Inflation-control Target
    range of inflation rates set a as a target by central bank as monetary policy objective
  5. What percent does monetary policy aim for?
    2 percent range measured by CPI
  6. Overnight rate
    interest rate banks charge each other for one day loans, they then determine all other interest rates
  7. What does lower/higher interest rates mean?
    Lower means more borrowing and spending with less saving, Higher means less borrowing and spending and more saving.
  8. Are the interest rates high or low in a recessionary gap?
    They are lower to increase borrowers
  9. Open market operations
    Buying and selling of government bonds on bond market
  10. Prime rate
    Interest rate on loans to lowest risk corporate borrowers
  11. Quantitive Easing
    flooding financial systems with money by buying risky bonds, mortgages and assets from banks.