News Writing Final Review
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What are the two columns for a typical broadcast TV and Radio news script.
- For TV: Command is on the left
- Script is on the right
For Radio: Slug consisting of time, name, and date.
What is phonetic spelling?
write how it sounds not like it sounds
Define and Match Radio terms.
1.Cover; Video images shot at a news scene that are later used to illustrate a sound bite.
2. A shot of a reporter at a news scene talking into the camera.
3. A story that's prepared by a reporter, usually taped, featuring the reporter's track, and one or more sound bites and often a stand-up.
4. What's said as one anchor or reporter hands off yo another.
5. On-Camera; the images that's being telecast.
6. When the anchor speaks over video.
7. A recorded comment from a news source, usually audio and video.
Define and Match TV terms.
1. The recorded voice of someone in the news or sound from a news event.
2. Ambient sound; Sounds recorded to capture the flavor of a news scene.
3. A news story by a reporter that doesn't use actualities.
4. Words that introduce some element in the story.
5. A story that begins and ends with a reporters voice.
6. The first words of a cut or wrap.
7. The final words of a cut or wrap.
8. The closing line where the reporters say their names and station letters.
9. A brief headline or promo for coming story.
Two components to a script:
simple and conversational
The 2 reasons for media credibility are?
1. People depend on the media for information.
2. Media must be credible to succeed as a business.
Journalists must ask two questions. what are they?
1. Who will it hurt and how many?
2.Will it help and how many?
What does MACRO and MICRO mean?
1. reason you wrote the story.
2. wording, headline, pictures..etc
The two reasons a journalist must obtain objectivity.
1. Absence of bias.
Define and Match terms of Conflict of Interest.
Check Book Journalism
1.n If you accept money as a journalist
2. Accept a trip for a story
3. If you pay a source
4. Paying of cash or gifts in exchange for airplay
5. You can accept outside jobs as long as it doesn't conflict with your job; cannot sell work to employer's competition.
Why wouldn't your employer want you to participate in the news?
Takes away ability to be objective
When reading Broadcast publicly, you should?
1. Flow easily
2. Adopt a conversational or relaxed
3. Write short declarative sentences that are limited to one idea.
4. Write in the present tense recency
5. Update info. that your given
6. Phonetic spelling: spell it the way it sounds than the way its spelled.
7. Hyphenate words that go together in a group; (75-year-old woman)
8. Spell out #'s up to eleven/ numerals for 12-999/ and figures and signs
give info immediately
Tells broadcast audience something important and that something is coming up.
Ties two or more similar stories together
Integrates listeners/ Take one concept and make you think about something else.
Never split a sentence or a paragraph into 2 pages
What does a News Package consist of?
Stand-up , Voice-over, sound bite, and close.
10 ways that Broadcast News Writing differs.
1. Use friendlier, More conversational tone
2. Keep it short. Simple. Easy to Follow.
3. Don't construct stories in the inverted pyramid form.
4.Use the present tense as often as possible
5. Contractions are acceptable, Even for Hard news stories.
6. Attributions and quotes require different treatment.
7. Add phonetic pronunciation wherever necessary.
8. Use punctuation to Help-No hinder- the delivery.
9. Avoid Abbreviations and symbols
10. Numbers: Round them off and spell them out.
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