Short story notes
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refers to works that have imaginary elements In them.
time and place a story takes place
the author's word choice; helps reveal voice
the way words are arranged to create meaning
a writer's unique use of language that allows the reader to "hear" a human personality in his writing
contrast between appearances and reality where reality is often the opposite of what is seems.
- situational irony: when the character or reader expects and what actually happens
- dramatic irony: when the reader knows something the character does not
- Verbal irony: when someone knowingly exaggerates or says one that and means another
feeling or atmosphere that the reader feels
the attitude the writer has toward the subject which is developed through specific diction
character or voice from whose point of view a story is told
the method of narrating a short story
Point of View
Types of Points of View:
- First-Person: the narrator is a character in the story
- Third-Person: The narrator is an observer outside the action of the story
- Third-Person Omniscient: An all-knowing narrator
- Third-person Limited: The narrator only know what one character thinks and feels
the underlying message of the story.
Language that appeals to one or more of the five senses
Language that is not literal in nature. Used to create a special effect in literature
comparison using the words "like" or "as"
Comparison implying that one thing is another
Giving something non-human human characteristics
Combining two seemingly opposite words together to create special meaning
Words that imitate sounds
a figure of speech in which the literal meaning is not related to the actual meaning
when a character thinks back to an event that happens earlier
Use of hints or clues to indicate what might occur later in the plot
A reoccurring symbol or idea giving unity to a piece of literature
Unexpected twist in the plot at the end of the story
Excitement or tension that readers feel as they become involved in a story
A person, place, thing, activity that can stand for something beyond itself
A reference in literature to some other literary work, art, famous person, place or event.
individuals who take part in the action of a literary work
the main character of a story. Not necessarily that "good guy"
The character in conflict with the protagonist
Less developed supporting roles in a story
Characters who change over the course of a story
Characters who remain the same throughout the course of a story
Well developed character
Not fully developed characters
Provides a striking contrast to another character. Character with opposite traits
A simplified or stock character
A character's nature can be revealed through...
The early part of a story what sets the tone, established the setting, introduces the characters, and gives the reader important background information.
Struggle between opposing forces
the character is opposed by some outside force
The conflict takes place within the mind of the character
the events in a story that move the plot along by adding complications or expanding the conflict.
the moment when the reader's emotions reach their highest point.
Reveals the outcome of the story's climax. Resolves the conflict
Reveals the final outcome and ties up any loose ends
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