Short story notes

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Author:
anitaebrahimi
ID:
251763
Filename:
Short story notes
Updated:
2013-12-08 21:12:07
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short story
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English is rachet
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  1. refers to works that have imaginary elements In them.
    fiction
  2. time and place a story takes place
    setting
  3. the author's word choice; helps reveal voice
    diction
  4. the way words are arranged to create meaning
    syntax
  5. a writer's unique use of language that allows the reader to "hear" a human personality in his writing
    voice
  6. contrast between appearances and reality where reality is often the opposite of what is seems.
    irony
  7. what is:
    situational irony:
    dramatic irony:
    Verbal irony:
    • situational irony: when the character or reader expects and what actually happens
    • dramatic irony: when the reader knows something the character does not
    • Verbal irony: when someone knowingly exaggerates or says one that and means another
  8. feeling or atmosphere that the reader feels
    mood
  9. the attitude the writer has toward the subject which is developed through specific diction
    tone
  10. character or voice from whose point of view a story is told
    narrator
  11. the method of narrating a short story
    Point of View
  12. Types of Points of View:
    First-Person:
    Third-Person:
    Third-Person Omniscient:
    Third-person Limited:
    • First-Person: the narrator is a character in the story
    • Third-Person: The narrator is an observer outside the action of the story
    • Third-Person Omniscient: An all-knowing narrator
    • Third-person Limited: The narrator only know what one character thinks and feels
  13. the underlying message of the story.
    Theme
  14. Language that appeals to one or more of the five senses
    imagery
  15. Language that is not literal in nature. Used to create a special effect in literature
    Figurative Language
  16. comparison using the words "like" or "as"
    Simile
  17. Comparison implying that one thing is another
    Metaphor
  18. Giving something non-human human characteristics
    personification
  19. Combining two seemingly opposite words together to create special meaning
    oxymoron
  20. Words that imitate sounds
    onomatopoeia
  21. a figure of speech in which the literal meaning is not related to the actual meaning
    idiom
  22. extreme exaggeration
    hyperbole
  23. when a character thinks back to an event that happens earlier
    Flashback
  24. Use of hints or clues to indicate what might occur later in the plot
    Foreshadowing
  25. A reoccurring symbol or idea giving unity to a piece of literature
    motif
  26. Unexpected twist in the plot at the end of the story
    surprise Ending
  27. Excitement or tension that readers feel as they become involved in a story
    suspense
  28. A person, place, thing, activity that can stand for something beyond itself

    Light=good              Dark=evil
    symbol
  29. A reference in literature to some other literary work, art, famous person, place or event.
    allusion
  30. individuals who take part in the action of a literary work
    character
  31. the main character of a story. Not necessarily that "good guy"
    protagonist
  32. The character in conflict with the protagonist
    Antagonist
  33. Less developed supporting roles in a story
    minor Characters
  34. Characters who change over the course of a story
    Dynamic Characters
  35. Characters who remain the same throughout the course of a story
    static Characters
  36. Well developed character
    Round Characters
  37. Not fully developed characters
    Flat Characters
  38. Provides a striking contrast to another character. Character with opposite traits
    foil
  39. A simplified or stock character
    stereotype
  40. A character's nature can be revealed through...
    characterization
  41. The early part of a story what sets the tone, established the setting, introduces the characters, and gives the reader important background information.
    Exposition (introduction)
  42. Struggle between opposing forces
    Conflict (problem)
  43. the character is opposed by some outside force
    external Conflicts
  44. The conflict takes place within the mind of the character
    internal conflicts
  45. the events in a story that move the plot along by adding complications or expanding the conflict.
    Rising Action
  46. the moment when the reader's emotions reach their highest point.
    climax
  47. Reveals the outcome of the story's climax. Resolves the conflict
    Falling Action
  48. Reveals the final outcome and ties up any loose ends
    resolution (Denouement)

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