Question 1

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Author:
ladwholived
ID:
251781
Filename:
Question 1
Updated:
2013-12-08 19:16:46
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PSYO3091
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PSYO3091
Description:
What are the four infant attachment classifications that are derived from the Strange Situation? What are the characteristics of each? For each classification, identify the name of the corresponding adult classification obtained using the Adult Attachment Interview?
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  1. What are the four infant attachment classifications that are derived from the Strange Situation?
    Securely Attached, Avoidant, Resistant, and Disorganized-disoriented.
  2. What are the characteristics of the Securely Attached category?
    • Happiest in the mother’s presence; explores freely
    • Upset when she leaves; reacts with some distress but not devastated by mother’s absence, happy upon her return, wants to be with her, easily consoled
    • Overall high quality, positive relationship with caregiver
  3. What are the characteristics of the Avoidant category?
    • Infant indifferent to caregiver
    • Shows little distress at separation from mother
    • Shows little joy at reunion; may ignore or avoids her on return
    • Infant demonstrates little differentiation btw behaviours directed from the mother and those directed to stranger (e.g., easily comforted by both)
    • BUT, heart rate increases substantially during separation…
  4. What are the characteristics of the Resistant category?
    • Infant staying close to caregiver rather than exploring new env’t
    • May be strongly distressed during separation episodes
    • Difficult to console upon return of mother
    • May resist mother at reunion or else respond in ambivalent fashion. Perhaps even both clinging and pushing her away
  5. What are the characteristics of the disorganized-disoriented category?
    • Characterized by a mixture of avoidant and resistant behaviours. (*Added by later researchers)
    • Confusion when mother leaves and returns
    • Infant shows behaviours that are confusing and contradictory. Seems to not really understand what’s happening. May even appear disoriented.
  6. For each classification, identify the name of the corresponding adult classification obtained using the Adult Attachment Interview? Also include stats
    • Securely Attached: “secure attachment” (60-65%) [AAI = Autonomous-secure]
    • Avoidant: “insecure attachment” (20%) [AAI = Dismissive-detached]
    • Resistant: “insecure attachment” (10-15%) [Pre-occupied-entangled]
    • Disorganized-Disoriented: “insecure attachment” (5-10%) [Unresolved-disorganized]
  7. Name all of the results for the strange situation, including their descriptions and the AAI equivalency and stats!
    • Securely Attached: “secure attachment” (60-65%) [AAI = Autonomous-secure]
    • -Happiest in the mother’s presence; explores freely
    • -Upset when she leaves; reacts with some distress but not devastated by mother’s absence, happy upon her return, wants to be with her, easily consoled
    • -Overall high quality, positive relationship with caregiver
    • Avoidant: “insecure attachment” (20%) [AAI = Dismissive-detached]
    • -Infant indifferent to caregiver
    • -Shows little distress at separation from mother
    • -Shows little joy at reunion; may ignore or avoids her on return
    • -Infant demonstrates little differentiation btw behaviours directed from the mother and those directed to stranger (e.g., easily comforted by both)
    • -BUT, heart rate increases substantially during separation…
    • Resistant: “insecure attachment” (10-15%) [Pre-occupied-entangled]
    • -Infant staying close to caregiver rather than exploring new env’t
    • -May be strongly distressed during separation episodes
    • -Difficult to console upon return of mother
    • -May resist mother at reunion or else respond in ambivalent fashion. Perhaps even both clinging and pushing her away
    • Disorganized-Disoriented: “insecure attachment” (5-10%) [Unresolved-disorganized]
    • -Characterized by a mixture of avoidant and resistant behaviours. (*Added by later researchers)
    • -Confusion when mother leaves and returns
    • -Infant shows behaviours that are confusing and contradictory. Seems to not really understand what’s happening.
    • -May even appear disoriented.

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