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Social goals of the
- Raise commodity prices for famers’ goods through
- collective actions and create a union for farmers
The Ocala Demands
(what were they?)
- · 1.
- No national banks. 2. Govt. insurance of non-perishable farm products. 3. Increase
- circulation of money until everyone has at least $50. 4. Nobody can farm that
- isn't with us. 5. Keep gold standard, no changes. 6. No foreign land owners
- & take land that’s owned by foreign power already. 7. No new industry’s
- allowed to overtake an older industry, removal of taxes on life necessities,
- rework tax system to better benefit farmers and workers, give more money to the
- people, screen the hell out of people before giving them government office, or allow
- direct vote of people to determine senators without govt. interference.
Sub treasury system
(what is this?):
- subsidiaries of the national treasury. States can deposit for just state funds
- & feds control it.
Free Silver (Why was
this a goal of Populists?)
To do away with the gold standard
Bryan’s “Cross of
- gave this speech to bring about free coinage of silver.
The Social Gospel
- faith practiced as a call not just to personal conversion but to social reform.
- · Journalists
- or authors who search for & exposes scandals/abuses occurring in business/politics.
Middle Class (know
who these people were):
- · The
- urban, college-educated people who the Progressive reformers drew support from.
“Dishonest” Graft (George Plunkitt)
- · For
- honest graft, one pursued the interest of one’s party, state, & personal
- interests all together. For dishonest graft, one worked solely for one’s own
- · Municipal
- administration (city & state govt., better ways to provide services),
- efficiency, eliminating corrupt govt., education, regulation of large
- corporations & monopolies, trust busting, regulation, social work,
- enactment of child labor laws, support for goals of organized labor,
- prohibition conservationism, & much more.
Robert La Follette
- · A
- charismatic politician who created major innovations in public policy. Also the
- recognized leader of the Progressive movement.
- · 16th
- amendment allows fed. govt.to collect income tax, 17th amendment
- allows direct election of U.S. Senators by popular vote, 18th
- amendment establishes prohibition of alcohol, (repealed by 21st
- amendment), 19th amendment establishes women’s suffrage, & 20th
- amendment fixes dates of term commencements for Congress & the President
- (known as lame duck amendment).
National Origins Act
- Restricted immigration of Southern & Eastern
- Europeans & practically excluded Asians. Congress abolished this act in the
How did the
automobile change where & how people lived? Greater
- · Greater
- mobility, creation of jobs, growth of industries & of the suburbs.
How did Henry Ford
change the lives of workers?
- Because he more than doubled wages to $5/day he
- helped build the U.S. middle class & the modern economy.
How did the radio
change family life?
- It was first used as a means of communication,
- from wireless telegraphy to aerial communication
- · Dr.
- John B. Watson was its founder. He believed that man was nothing more than a
- machine & all human factions, including thinking, can be observed &
- described in terms of stimuli & response.
- · A
- birth control activist, sex educator, & nurse. She popularized the word
- birth control, opened the first birth control clinic in the U.S., &
- established orgs that evolved into Planned Parenthood Fed. of America.
- African American achievements in art, music,
- & lit flourished
Why did prohibition
- It led to increased crime rates, making
- gangsters come to power as people desired alcohol (which was highly prized),
- leabing women to suffer more. It was almost 14 years in which anything alcohol
- related was illegal and so it resulted in the only time an amendment was
How did prohibition
change the lives of women?
- · Because
- it was the first sexual revolution, women’s fashions changed radically. Women
- were viewed as being much freer sexually than the women before them but weren’t
- nearly as promiscuous as most saw them.
Rural reaction to
- Millions of rural Americans moved to the citiesof rural Americans moved to the cities.
- A political project where “human welfare & liberty
- are both best served when many of the affairs of a society as possible are
- managed by voluntary & democratically self-governing associations It “gives
- priority to freedom in its scale of values, but it contends that such freedom
- can only be pursued effectively if individuals join with their fellows
Emergency Bank Act:
- · Made
- by President FDR during the Great Depression, this act allows only Fed
- Reserve-approved banks to operate in the U.S.