Card Set Information
History American early
Study guide Final
Social goals of the
Raise commodity prices for famers’ goods through
collective actions and create a union for farmers
The Ocala Demands
(what were they?)
No national banks. 2. Govt. insurance of non-perishable farm products. 3. Increase
circulation of money until everyone has at least $50. 4. Nobody can farm that
isn't with us. 5. Keep gold standard, no changes. 6. No foreign land owners
& take land that’s owned by foreign power already. 7. No new industry’s
allowed to overtake an older industry, removal of taxes on life necessities,
rework tax system to better benefit farmers and workers, give more money to the
people, screen the hell out of people before giving them government office, or allow
direct vote of people to determine senators without govt. interference.
Sub treasury system
(what is this?):
subsidiaries of the national treasury. States can deposit for just state funds
& feds control it.
Free Silver (Why was
this a goal of Populists?)
To do away with the gold standard
Bryan’s “Cross of
gave this speech to bring about free coinage of silver.
The Social Gospel
faith practiced as a call not just to personal conversion but to social reform.
or authors who search for & exposes scandals/abuses occurring in business/politics.
Middle Class (know
who these people were):
urban, college-educated people who the Progressive reformers drew support from.
“Dishonest” Graft (George Plunkitt)
honest graft, one pursued the interest of one’s party, state, & personal
interests all together. For dishonest graft, one worked solely for one’s own
administration (city & state govt., better ways to provide services),
efficiency, eliminating corrupt govt., education, regulation of large
corporations & monopolies, trust busting, regulation, social work,
enactment of child labor laws, support for goals of organized labor,
prohibition conservationism, & much more.
Robert La Follette
charismatic politician who created major innovations in public policy. Also the
recognized leader of the Progressive movement.
amendment allows fed. govt.to collect income tax, 17th amendment
allows direct election of U.S. Senators by popular vote, 18th
amendment establishes prohibition of alcohol, (repealed by 21st
amendment), 19th amendment establishes women’s suffrage, & 20th
amendment fixes dates of term commencements for Congress & the President
(known as lame duck amendment).
National Origins Act
Restricted immigration of Southern & Eastern
Europeans & practically excluded Asians. Congress abolished this act in the
How did the
automobile change where & how people lived? Greater
mobility, creation of jobs, growth of industries & of the suburbs.
How did Henry Ford
change the lives of workers?
Because he more than doubled wages to $5/day he
helped build the U.S. middle class & the modern economy.
How did the radio
change family life?
It was first used as a means of communication,
from wireless telegraphy to aerial communication
John B. Watson was its founder. He believed that man was nothing more than a
machine & all human factions, including thinking, can be observed &
described in terms of stimuli & response.
birth control activist, sex educator, & nurse. She popularized the word
birth control, opened the first birth control clinic in the U.S., &
established orgs that evolved into Planned Parenthood Fed. of America.
African American achievements in art, music,
& lit flourished
Why did prohibition
It led to increased crime rates, making
gangsters come to power as people desired alcohol (which was highly prized),
leabing women to suffer more. It was almost 14 years in which anything alcohol
related was illegal and so it resulted in the only time an amendment was
How did prohibition
change the lives of women?
it was the first sexual revolution, women’s fashions changed radically. Women
were viewed as being much freer sexually than the women before them but weren’t
nearly as promiscuous as most saw them.
Rural reaction to
Millions of rural Americans moved to the cities
of rural Americans moved to the cities.
A political project where “human welfare & liberty
are both best served when many of the affairs of a society as possible are
managed by voluntary & democratically self-governing associations It “gives
priority to freedom in its scale of values, but it contends that such freedom
can only be pursued effectively if individuals join with their fellows
Emergency Bank Act:
by President FDR during the Great Depression, this act allows only Fed
Reserve-approved banks to operate in the U.S.