Easy Points: Medicine - HEENT - Abnormal Facie

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Author:
orcl777
ID:
251943
Filename:
Easy Points: Medicine - HEENT - Abnormal Facie
Updated:
2013-12-09 06:12:46
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HEENT Abnormal Facie olfu2016
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Medicine
Description:
Medicine: HEENT - Abnormal Facie
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  1. The increased growth hormone; produces enlargement of both bone and soft tissues.
    Acromegaly
  2. The head is elongated, with bony prominence of the forehead, nose, and lower jaw. Soft tissues of the nose, lips, and ears also enlarge.
    Acromegaly
  3. The facial features appear generally coarsened
    Acromegaly
  4. The increased adrenal hormone production; produces a round or “moon” face with red cheeks.
    Cushing's syndrome
  5. Excessive hair growth may be present in the mustache and sideburn areas and on the chin
    Cushing's syndrome
  6. The patient has a dull, puffy facies. The edema,often particularly pronounced around the eyes, does not pit with pressure.
    Myxedema
  7. The hair and eyebrows are dry, coarse, and thinned. The skin is dry.
    Myxedema
  8. The face is edematous and often pale. Swelling usually appears first around the eyes and in the morning. The eyes may become slitlike when edema is severe.
    Nephrotic syndrome
  9. Note the swellings anterior to the ear lobes and above the angles of the jaw.
    Parotid gland enlargement
  10. Gradual unilateral enlargement suggests neoplasm. Acute enlargement is seen in mumps.
    Parotid gland enlargement
  11. Decreased facial mobility blunts expression. A masklike face may result, with decreased blinking and a characteristic stare.
    Parkinson's disease
  12. Since the neck and upper trunk tend to flex forward, the patient seems to peer upward toward the observer. Facial skin becomes oily, and drooling may occur.
    Parkinson's disease

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