History I Clep
Card Set Information
History I Clep
The Constitution 1787-1789
James Madison suggested this plan which would call for an executive branch and 2 houses of congress both based on population.
The Virginia plan
William Patterson suggested a plan that would continue the unicameral legislature as well as increase the powers of the national government. This plan was called what?
The New Jersey plan
After Madison suggested the Virginia Plan and Paterson suggested the New Jersey Plan the convention reached an impasse that was finally resolved with the idea of what?
The Great Compromise
This constitutional plan provided for a presidency, a Senate with all states represented equally, and a House of Representatives which was based on population
The Great Compromise
This accounted for slave population to determine a states govt. representation.
the Three fifths Compromise
How many, out of 13 states needed to ratify the constitution in order for it to come in to affect?
What tool was used to explain the constitution using a series of 85 newspaper articles written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay?
The Federalist Papers
After holding out what factored in to Virginia finally ratifying the constitution?
The promise of a bill of rights and the influence of George Washington
When and who was inaugurated as the 1st President of the U.S.
George Washington, March 1789
What article of the constitution established the House and Senate (legislature)?
Article 1 (legislative)
This Legislative body can bring impeachment charges against the president.
This legislative body is the court and jury if an impeachment charge is brought against a president.
What article of the constitution outlines the presidency?
Article II (executive)
What article of the constitution describes the supreme court and its construction?
Article III (judiciary)
This article guarantees that court decicions and legal actions in one state are valid in another.
Article IV (interstate relations)
What article of the constitution outlines the requirements and process to make amendments to the constitution?
Article V (Amendment Process)
What article of the constitution sets up the hierarchy of laws in the U.S. ex: Fed>State>Local etc?
Article VI (Supremacy Clause)
What article of the constitution specifies the process of the ratification necessary for the constitution to become operative?
Article VII (ratification)
Which amendment provides the right to free speech, religion, press, assembly, and govt petition?
Which amendment provides the right to bear arms?
Which amendment provides troops will not be quartered in in private homes?
Which amendment provides the right of the accused to the required indictment, double jeopardy, self-incrimination, due process, and just compensation?
Which amendment provides the right against unreasonable search and seizure?
Which amendment provides the right to a speedy trial, confrontation by witnesses, and the right to call one's own witnesses?
Which amendment provides the right to a jury trial?
Which amendment provides the right against excessive bail, and cruel and unusual punishment?
Which amendment provides that all rights not covered on the constitution are retained by the people?
Which amendment provides that all powers not specifically delegated to the federal govt are retained by the states?
Which amendment provides that states may not be sued by individuals?
Which amendment dictates that electors will cast separate ballots for Pres. and V. Pres and if there is no clear winner then the house selects the Pres and the senate the VP?
Which amendment abolished slavery?
Which amendment extended citizenship to all persons, made confederate debt void and made confederate leaders ineligible for public office?
Which amendment provides the right for blacks to vote?
Which amendment legalized an income tax?
Which amendment provided for the election of senators?
Which amendment prohibited the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages?
Which amendment provides the right for women to vote?
Which amendment changed the inaugeration date from March 4th to Jan. 20th to eliminate lame duck sessions of congress?
Which amendment repealed the 18th Amendment (prohibition)?
Which amendment limited presidential terms to two?
Which amendment gave electoral votes to DC?
Which amendment prohibited poll tax?
Which amendment changed the order of the presidential line of succession and provided guidelines for presidential disability?
Which amendment provides the right to vote for 18-year-olds?
Which amendment restricted the practice of congressional salary adjustment?