1.1 - Believing in God

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  1. 1.1.1 - Religious Upbringing
    • They see their parents as examples of worshiping God so they think that God must exist.
    • They see people praying and their prayers coming true.
    • The go to holy places to learn about religion.
    • They see the whole community worshiping and think that so many people can't be wrong.
  2. 1.1.2 - Religious Experiences
    • Numinous: If you can feel God then he must exist.
    • Miracle: Only explanation is God.
    • Conversion: Convinces them that God must exist.
    • Prayer: If God answers you prayers then he must exist.
  3. 1.1.3 - The design argument (God)
    • William Paley believed that if a person saw a watch, they would know that it's designed because it's so complex.
    • A watch has many parts just like the universe so it must be designed and not created by chance.
    • The only being that can design something as complex as the universe is God.
    • Therefore God must exist.
  4. 1.1.3 - The design argument (Not God)
    • We can't prove God's existence, this is just a theory.
    • Could be the result of Evolution.
  5. 1.1.4 - The Causation argument
    • In a train, every carriage is pulled by the one before it but the engine is being pulled by nothing because it's the first cause.
    • Similarly, we came from our parents who came from theirs but the first man, who was created by God, did not have a cause because the first cause has no cause.
    • Therefore, God created the universe and he needs no cause because he is the first cause and the first cause has no cause.
  6. 1.1.5 - Origins of the world (Science)
    • 'Big Bang' Theory: An enormous explosion started the universe.
    • Evolution: Charles Darwin's theory of the gradual development of species over millions of years.
    • Natural Selection: The way in which Species select the best characteristics for survival.
  7. 1.1.5- Origins of the world (Christian responses)
    • They believe the bible's description of the creation of the world is more like a story.
    • The six days of creation were stages not actual periods of time.
    • Science describes how the world came into existence and the Bible explains why.
  8. 1.1.6 - Unanswered Prayers
    • I might make them think that God is not listening.
    • Omnibenevolent: If peoples prayers aren't answered, then God is not all loving and because he has to be all loving, there is no God.
    • Omnipotent: God is all powerful so he should answer prayers and stop all suffering in the world and because there is still suffering in the world, God can't exist.
    • Omniscient: God is all knowing so he should answer prayers by preventing bag things from happening and because bad things still happen, there can be no God.
  9. 1.1.6 - Unanswered Prayers (Christian Responses)
    • They may believe that God hears and answers prayers in a way that they do not fully understand. For example - A relative dying after suffering from cancer.
    • God helps those who help themselves. They have to deserve what they wish for to get it. For example - Hoping to pass and exam you haven't revised for.
    • God doesn't answer prayers that are selfish or may harm others. For example - Wishing pain on someone.
    • Sometimes prayers aren't answered for our own good. For example - A parent not giving a child a knife becauuse it's dangerous.
  10. 1.1.7 - The problem of Evil and Suffering
    • Omni-benevolent: If God is all loving he would want to remove evil and suffering as he cares for his creation.
    • Omniscient: If God is all knowing, he would know how to remove evil and suffering.
    • Omnipotent: If God is all-powerful, he would be able to remove evil and suffering.
  11. 1.1.7 - The problem of Evil and Suffering (Christian Responses)
    • Free Will: God gave people free will. This means that people have the ability to make their own choices even if they are wrong.
    • Test from God: Evil and Suffering is a test from God to test your patience. For example the story of Job in the Bible.
    • Albert Einstein: Evil doesn't exist. God didn't create evil. Evil is the absence of good.
    • Blessings: God sends evil to make us realize the importance of the blessings he had sent us. For instance, seeing a disabled person makes us appreciate our abilities.
Card Set:
1.1 - Believing in God
2013-12-11 20:31:02
rs gcse unit section
Edexcel GCSE RS Unit 1 Section 1 Believing in God
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