1960's vocab Darby

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1960's vocab Darby
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  1. Test Ban treaty
    (JFK) 1963, Wake of Cuban Missile Crisis (climax of Cold War, closest weve ever come to nuclear war) Soviets & US agree to prohibit all above-ground nuclear tests, both nations choose to avoid annihilating the human race w/ nuclear war, France and China did not sign
  2. Cuban Missile Crisis
    an international crisis in October 1962, the closest approach to nuclear war at any time between the U.S. and the USSR. When the U.S. discovered Soviet nuclear missiles on Cuba, President John F. Kennedy demanded their removal and announced a naval blockade of the island; the Soviet leader Khrushchev acceded to the U.S. demands a week later
  3. quarantine
    the blockade placed around Cuba in the Cuban missile crisis
  4. Charles Degaulle
    President of France, he was suspicious of American plans for Europe, and wanted to recapture the feeling of the Napoleonic era. He constantly vetoed actions by or in the interest of the U.S. that would increase their control in European affairs.
  5. Geneva peace conference 1954
    The Second Geneva Naval Conference was a conference held to discuss naval arms limitation, held in Geneva, Switzerland, in 1932. Sixty nations, including USA, USSR and Germany, came to the conference wanting a reduction in general arms. Some progress was made, but when Hitler came into power in 1933 he took Germany out of the Geneva Conference and the League of Nations, which was questionable but nothing was done about it. The Geneva conference split the nation of Vietnam roughly in half along the seventeenth parallel, and established a shaky peace in the nation of Laos.
  6. Ngo Dinh Diem
    American ally in South Vietnam from 1954 to 1963; his repressive regime caused the Communist Viet Cong to thrive in the South and required increasing American military aid to stop a Communist takeover. He was killed in a coup in 1963.
  7. National liberation Front (NLF)
    Ho Chi Minh wanted to unite Vietnam under Northern rule and aided what group of communist rebels trying to overthrow Diem in the south. Official title of the Viet Cong. Created in 1960, they lead an uprising against Diem's repressive regime in the South.
  8. veit cong
    Communist guerrilla force that, with the support of the North Vietnamese Army, fought against South Vietnam (late 1950s-1975) and the United States (early 1960s-1973)
  9. Việt Minh
    a national liberation movement which dated its foundation to May 19 1941 in South China. The Việt Minh initially formed to seek independence for Vietnam from France and later to oppose the Japanese occupation.
  10. LBJ
    signed the civil rights act of 1964 into law and the voting rights act of 1965. he had a war on poverty in his agenda. in an attempt to win, he set a few goals, including the great society, the economic opportunity act, and other programs that provided food stamps and welfare to needy famillies. he also created a department of housing and urban development. his most important legislation was probably medicare and medicaid.
  11. Housing Act 1961
    provided $4.88 billion in loans and grants to cities, towns and rural areas for urban renewal and public housing
  12. area redevelopment Act
    1961-Act under Kennedy which provided money, sewage plants, and social security benefits to distressed areas.
  13. 24th Amendment
    Poll taxes prohibited. The right to vote cannot be denied based on the paying or non-paying of a poll tax. (1964)
  14. Revenue Act 1962
    passed by the British Parliament in April 1764, formally updated the unenforced Sugar Act or Molasses Act of 1733. The American colonists objected to the act as "taxation without representation", since their delegates sat in the colonial legislatures, and not in Parliament. The Chancellor of the Exchequer and Prime Minister, Lord Grenville, was trying to bring the colonists in line with regard to the payment of taxes because of Britain's large national debt. It was the first attempt to recoup the costs of the French and Indian War (1754-63; see separate entry) and the costs of maintaining British troops in North America, necessary because of insurgence from displaced Native Americans
  15. James Meredith
    in 1962 became the first black American to attend the Univesity of Mississippi after beign blocked several times by segregationist politicians. An icon of the Civil Rights Movement, Meredith receded from public view following his brace steps toward educational integration
  16. Freedom Riders
    organized mixed-race groups who rode interstate buses deep into the South to draw attention to and protest racial segregation, beginning in 1961. This effort by northern young people to challenge racism proved a political and public relations success for the Civil Rights Movement
  17. Ross Barnett
    Oct. 1962. Federal court ordered integration by admitting James Meredith. Governor Ross Barnett refused to enforce order. Angry whites rioted in Oxford. JFK sent troops to protect Meredith and his right to attend school.
  18. sit-ins
    a nonviolent approach to protest in the south in which African American citizens would "sit in" at establishments where they were denied service to make a statement
  19. The Grand Design
    • proposed my JFk
    • the US would join the European common market in lowering tariffs
    • congress agreed and passed the Trade Expansion Act of 1962
  20. Trade Expansion Act of 1962
    • The president was able to lower the tariffs to about 50% and remove the tariffs entirely on articles heavily traded by the United States and Western Europe 
    • but could not remove the tariffs unless Great Britain was admitted to the common market
  21. Third Force
    a power block designed by Charles de Gaulle to end American influence in Europe
  22. paper tiger
    the Chinese communists called the soviets paper tigers because they looked like one but were weak
  23. Wage Post guidepost
    • increase in productivity by 10%
    • wages would rise
    • stop price inflation
  24. steel crisis response
    JFK ordered companies to roll back the price of steel

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