1960s vocab-Lexi

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1960s vocab-Lexi
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  1. New Frontier
    The "new" liberal and civil rights ideas advocated by Kennedy, in contrast to Eisenhower's conservative view. He promised to revitalize the stagnant economy and enact reform legislation in education, health care, and civil rights.
  2. Great Debates
    Part of the reason that John F. Kennedy captured the presidency was the way he performed in a series of televised debates against his Republican opponent, Richard M. Nixon. The Kennedy-Nixon debates stand out as a remarkable moment in the nation’s political history, not only because they propelled an unlikely candidate to victory, but also because they ushered in an era in which television dominated the electoral process.
  3. Television Democracy
    In the election of the 1960s the new president was being picked by who could perform best and look the best on tv. Ultimatley decide who will run our country based upon televised appearance.
  4. "ask not what you can do....."
    Said in Kennedy's inaugural speech. Represents how even the new and young generation that is taking over will, like the past ones, fight against communism and for liberty at all costs.
  5. Dean Rusk
    Secretary of State under JFK and LBJ, urged escalation, believing the defeat of communism in Vietnam to be of vital importance to the future of America and the world.
  6. Robert S McNamara
    US Secretary of Defense for both LBJ and JFK, he had played a key role in shaping US strategy in Vietnam. He became discouraged by America's lack of success in the war. began openly seeking ways to launch peace negotiations to end it.
  7. Douglas Dillion
    Asked by Kennedy to become Secretary of Treasury. Republican. Wealthy new york investment banker.
  8. Robert f Kennedy
    younger brother of JFK who entered public life as U.S. Attorney General during the Kennedy Administration. Later elected senator from New York, he became an anti-war, pro-civil rights presidental canidate in 1968, launching a popular challange to incumbent President Johnson. Amid that campaign, he was assasinated in California on June 6, 1968
  9. Bay of pigs
    CIA plot in 1961 to overthrow Fidel Castro by training Cuban exiles to invade and supporting them with American air power; the mission failed and became a public relations disaster early in JFK's presidency. Brought over from Eisenhowers admin.
  10. Allen Dulles
    this man was the director of the CIA from 1953-1961 who was mainly responsible for orchestrating the Bay of Pigs invasion, which forced him and his major staff to resign
  11. Nikita Krushchev
    emerged as a leader in the Soviet Union after the death of dictator Josef Stalin. In 1956, he advocated reform and indirectly criticized Stalin and his methods. He became the Premier of the Soviet Union from 1958 to 1974. Also failed gamble of putting missiles in Cuba... cost him his job.
  12. Fidel Castro
    Overthrew the Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista in 1959. Once in power, he nationalized American-owned businesses and properties in Cuba. After the U.S cut off trade with Cuba, he turned to the Soviets for support. He also revealed that he was a Marxist, setting up a Communist totalitarian state.
  13. Berlin Wall
    1961, A fortified wall surrounding West Berlin, Germany, built in 1961 to prevent East German citizens from traveling to the West. Its demolition in 1989 symbolized the end of the Cold War. This wall was both a deterrent to individuals trying to escape and a symbol of repression to the free world.
  14. "flexible response"
    the buildup of conventional troops and weapons to allow a nation to fight a limited war without using nuclear weapons as implemented by Kennedy admin
  15. Alliance for Progress
    a program in which the United States tried to help Latin American countries overcome poverty and other problems, 1961-63; JFK economic policy towards S.America, 10 yr. development plan where JFK promised Latin Amer. leaders that U.S. would
  16. Peace Corp
    a civilian organization sponsored by the United States government, a program that trains and sends volunteers to poor nations all over the world to serve as educators, health care workers, agricultural advisers, and in other jobs
  17. First Strike
    When Kennedy came to presidency he ordered the further production of missiles even though we were at the same amount as Soviets. Did this so we could survive a "first strike" attack by soviets and still be able to hit back. Thought if we had this strength the USSR would be sure to never suprise attack us.
  18. MAD
    • Mutually Assured Destruction
    • JFK policy in which we had more missiles so USSR would not attack us or our allies.
    • deterrrence through "assured destruction"
  19. ICBM
    Inter Continental Ballistic Missile. They have the power to shoot a missile from one country to another. This makes it easier to attack a country without getting to close to them.
  20. SLBM
    • submarine launched ballistic missile
    • fire and travel underwater caring a warhead without being detected
  21. Polaris
    the missile carried by the SLBM's and was first tested and successfully landed right on target
  22. Yuri Gagarin
    Hero of the Soviet Union, was a Soviet cosmonaut. On 12 April 1961, he became the first human in space and the first to orbit the Earth. He received many medals from different countries for his pioneering tour in space.
  23. Alan Shepard
    In 1959, Sheppard was one of 110 military test pilots invited by the newly formed National Aeronautics and Space Administration to volunteer for the first manned space flight program. Following a grueling series of tests, Sheppard became one of the original group of seven Mercury astronauts.
  24. New Frontier
    • price control-us steel incident
    • housing act 1961-gov loans for low income housing
    • fed transportation act-highway buses subway
    • vocational training
    • high unemployement compensation
    • increase minimum wage-1.25
  25. Great Society
    • medicare-old
    • medicaid-poor
    • national endowment for the arts
    • corporation of public broadcasting
    • national highway traffic safety admin
    • dep of transportation
    • civil rights act 1964 and voting act 1965

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