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The talus articulates with the:
For a mortise projection of the ankle, the lower limb is rotated:
15° to 20° medially
The IR size and orientation for an axiolateral inferosuperior projection (Danelius-Miller method) of the hip joint is
10 x 12 inches (24 x 30 cm) placed crosswise
The AP projection of the hip joint image below could be improved by:Increasing kVExternally rotating the lower limbInternally rotating the lower limb
A lateral knee image with accurate positioning demonstrates:
1. superimposed femoral condyles
2. the fibular head without tibial superimposition
3. an open femorotibial joint space4. one fourth of the distal femur and proximal lower leg
1, 3, and 4 only
For a lateral ankle image, the:
1. medial and lateral malleoli are superimposed
2. lateral foot surface is aligned parallel with the IR
3. lower leg is parallel with the imaging table
4. central ray is centered to the medial malleolus
2, 3, and 4 only
Match letters A-F with the anatomy.
what is A
wht is b
B 4.femoral head
what is c
C 5.femoral neck
what is D
D 2.Femoral Shaft
what is E
E 3.area of lesser trochanter
what is f
F 6.greater trochanter
How far is the thigh abducted (minimum) for the AP modified Cleaves method?
40 to 45 degrees from vertical
How much rotation of the foot is required for the AP oblique-medial rotation projection of the foot?Answer
On the average adult, the femoral neck is angled _____ degrees anteriorly from the body of the femur.
15 to 20
The broad, curved aspect of the ilium is called the
WHAT IS A
A 2.Iliac crest
WHAT IS b
WHAT IS c
WHAT IS D
WHAT IS e
E 6.femoral neck
WHAT IS f
F 4.greater trochanter
How much is the knee flexed for the lateral projection of the knee?
20 to 30 degrees
How much rotation of the foot is required for the AP oblique-medial rotation projection of the foot
On the average adult, the femoral neck is angled _____ degrees anteriorly from the body of the femur
The male pelvis is more narrow and deeper as compared to the female pelvis TRUE OR FALSE
The superior surface of the foot is termed:
The tangential (Merchant) knee position is a(n) ____ projection
What is required to correct this positioning error?
Roll patient's patella away from the IR
What type of CR angle is required for an AP projection of the knee for a patient with an ASIS-to-table distance of 16 cm?
3 to 5 degrees caudad
What type of CR angle is required for the AP axial projection of the foot?
10 degrees posterior
Where is the adductor tubercle located?
Posterolateral aspect of the medial condyle of the distal femur
Where should the central ray be centered for a dorsoplantar projection of the foot?
Base of the third metatarsal
Which one of the following hip projections is recommended for a patient with a possible hip fracture?
Axiolateral inferosuperior Danelius-Miller method
Which two bony landmarks can be used to accurately locate the femoral neck in Method 1?
ASIS and pubic symphysis
For a mediolateral projection of the knee, the CR is directed:
5° to 7° cephalad
An AP hip image with accurate positioning demonstrates the:
1. lesser trochanter in profile
2. greater trochanter in profile
3. femoral neck without foreshortening
4. sacrum rotated toward the affected hip
2 and 3 only
When performing the mediolateral mid- and distal femur place the hip of the patient at cathode end of x-ray beam because
anode heel effect
An AP oblique foot image with accurate positioning demonstrates:
1. open first and second intermetatarsal joint spaces
2. open joint spaces around the cuboid
3. slight superimposition of the fourth and fifth metatarsal bases
4. the long axis of the foot aligned with the long axis of the collimated field
2 and 4 only
Which of the following is true with respect to axial calcaneal imaging?
1. The image demonstrates an open talocalcaneal joint space.
2. The foot is flexed 40 degrees to the lower leg and rotated slightly laterally.
3. A 40-degree central ray is directed proximally.
4. The central ray is centered to the distal fifth metatarsal.
1 and 3 only
For an AP ankle image, the:
1. intermalleolar line is aligned at a 15- to 20-degree angle with the IR
2. lateral malleolus is positioned more posterior than the medial malleolus
3. long axis of the foot is positioned perpendicular to the IR
4. central ray is centered at the level of the medial malleolus
1, 2, 3, and 4
An accurately positioned PA axial knee projection (Holmblad method) demonstrates all the following except
the patellar apex within the intercondylar fossa.
An optimal AP pelvis projection demonstrates
1. the sacrum and coccyx aligned with the symphysis pubis.
2. the ischial spines aligned with the pelvic brim.
3. a narrow right iliac wing and a wider left iliac wing.
4. a symmetrically appearing obturator foramen
1,2, and 4 only