Psy Chapter 11&14

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Psy Chapter 11&14
2013-12-09 21:42:42

Chapter 11&14
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  1. What is Psychoanalysis?
    theory and therapy that aims to treat mental disorders by investigating the interaction of conscious and unconscious elements in the mind
  2. Who developed the theory of Psychoanalysis?
  3. What is the ID?
    unconscious, life or death instincts and operates on the pleasure principle
  4. What is the Ego?
    logical, rational, conscious system, operates on the reality principle
  5. What is Superego?
    moral system, consists of the ego ideal.
  6. What is the pleasure principle?
    seek pleasure, avoid pain and gain immediate gratification.
  7. What is reality principle?
    constraints of the real world determining appropriate times, place, and objects for gratification.
  8. What is conscious?
    all the behaviors for which the child has been punished for and feels bad for
  9. What is the ego ideal?
    comparison of the things the child has been praised for and rewarded for.
  10. What are the eight Defense Mechanisms?
    • Repression, Projection, Denial, Rationalization, Regression, Reaction formation, Displacement, Sublimation 
    • RPD. RRR. SD.
  11. What are archetypes?
    inherited tendency to respond to universal human situations in particular ways
  12. What is the personal unconscious?
    Layer of conscious that contains thought, perceptions, and experiences.
  13. What is the collective conscious?
    inaccessible layer of the unconscious which contains the universal experiences
  14. What does it mean to have an inferiority complex?
    Lack of self worth, doubt
  15. What is self-actualization?
    Developing to ones fullest potential
  16. What are the conditions of worth?
    Conditions of which the positive regard of others rests.
  17. What is unconditional positive regard?
    Unqualified caring and nonjudgmental acceptance of another.
  18. One of then main criticisms of both Psychoanalytic and Humanistic theories?
    For being unscientific and for seeing, hearing, and finding no evil with the human psyche
  19. What is self esteem?
    A persons sense of self worth
  20. What the component  of the Big Five? (OCEAN)
    Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Neuroticism.
  21. What is social Psychology?
    The attempts to explain how the actual, imagined or implied presence of others influences the thought, behavior or feeling of the individual.
  22. What is Social Cognition?
    process of attending to, interperting, and remembering infromation about yourself or others
  23. What is Attribution?
    Assignment of a cause to explain ones own or other persons behavior
  24. What is Primacy Effect?
    increased ability to remember things at the beginning of a list
  25. What if Impression management?
    attempt to influence the perceptions of other people
  26. What are the five factors influencing attraction?
    • Proximity, Association, Similarity, Reciprocal Liking, Physical Attraction
    • PASRP
  27. What is the mere-exposure effect?
    Tendency to feel more positivley toward a something due to repeated exposure
  28. What is the halo effect?
    tendency to assume that a person had generally positive  or negative traits as a result of observing on major thing
  29. What is the matching hypothesis?
    Notion that people tend to have lovers or spouses who are similar to themselves in physical attractiveness
  30. Who created the Triangular Theory of Love?
  31. What is social facilitation?
    Positive or negative effect on performance
  32. What is social lofting?
    Tendency to put forth less effort when working with others
  33. What is group polarization?
    group members adoption of a more extreme position about an issue
  34. What is group think?
    tendency for members of a tightly knit group to be more concerned with preserving group uniformity
  35. What is cognitive dissonance?
    unpleasent state that can occur when people become aware of inconsistencies
  36. What is altruism?
    the belief in or practice of disinterested and selfless concern for the well-being of others.
  37. What is persuasion?
    deliberate attempt to influence the attitudes or behavior of another person
  38. What is bystander effect?
    the number of bystanders at an emergency increases, the probability that the victim will receive help decreases.