Psy Chapter 11&14
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Psy Chapter 11&14
What is Psychoanalysis?
theory and therapy that aims to treat mental disorders by investigating the interaction of conscious and unconscious elements in the mind
Who developed the theory of Psychoanalysis?
What is the ID?
unconscious, life or death instincts and operates on the pleasure principle
What is the Ego?
logical, rational, conscious system, operates on the reality principle
What is Superego?
moral system, consists of the ego ideal.
What is the pleasure principle?
seek pleasure, avoid pain and gain immediate gratification.
What is reality principle?
constraints of the real world determining appropriate times, place, and objects for gratification.
What is conscious?
all the behaviors for which the child has been punished for and feels bad for
What is the ego ideal?
comparison of the things the child has been praised for and rewarded for.
What are the eight Defense Mechanisms?
Repression, Projection, Denial, Rationalization, Regression, Reaction formation, Displacement, Sublimation
RPD. RRR. SD.
What are archetypes?
inherited tendency to respond to universal human situations in particular ways
What is the personal unconscious?
Layer of conscious that contains thought, perceptions, and experiences.
What is the collective conscious?
inaccessible layer of the unconscious which contains the universal experiences
What does it mean to have an inferiority complex?
Lack of self worth, doubt
What is self-actualization?
Developing to ones fullest potential
What are the conditions of worth?
Conditions of which the positive regard of others rests.
What is unconditional positive regard?
Unqualified caring and nonjudgmental acceptance of another.
One of then main criticisms of both Psychoanalytic and Humanistic theories?
For being unscientific and for seeing, hearing, and finding no evil with the human psyche
What is self esteem?
A persons sense of self worth
What the component of the Big Five? (OCEAN)
Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Neuroticism.
What is social Psychology?
The attempts to explain how the actual, imagined or implied presence of others influences the thought, behavior or feeling of the individual.
What is Social Cognition?
process of attending to, interperting, and remembering infromation about yourself or others
What is Attribution?
Assignment of a cause to explain ones own or other persons behavior
What is Primacy Effect?
increased ability to remember things at the beginning of a list
What if Impression management?
attempt to influence the perceptions of other people
What are the five factors influencing attraction?
Proximity, Association, Similarity, Reciprocal Liking, Physical Attraction
What is the mere-exposure effect?
Tendency to feel more positivley toward a something due to repeated exposure
What is the halo effect?
tendency to assume that a person had generally positive or negative traits as a result of observing on major thing
What is the matching hypothesis?
Notion that people tend to have lovers or spouses who are similar to themselves in physical attractiveness
Who created the Triangular Theory of Love?
What is social facilitation?
Positive or negative effect on performance
What is social lofting?
Tendency to put forth less effort when working with others
What is group polarization?
group members adoption of a more extreme position about an issue
What is group think?
tendency for members of a tightly knit group to be more concerned with preserving group uniformity
What is cognitive dissonance?
unpleasent state that can occur when people become aware of inconsistencies
What is altruism?
the belief in or practice of disinterested and selfless concern for the well-being of others.
What is persuasion?
deliberate attempt to influence the attitudes or behavior of another person
What is bystander effect?
the number of bystanders at an emergency increases, the probability that the victim will receive help decreases.