HLTH 4100 final

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HLTH 4100 final
2013-12-09 23:59:15
HLTH 4100 final
HLTH 4100 final
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  1. State Health education standard 5
    students will understand and summerize concepts related to health promotion and the prevention of communicable diseases
  2. State Health education standard 6
    students will demonstrate knowledge of human development, social skills and strategies to encourage healthy relationships and healthy growth and development throughout life.
  3. List 2 objectives and examples of for standard 5
    • 1) identify the effects of communicable diseases
    • -recognize common non-communicable diseases
    • 2) explain the transmission and prevention of communicable diseases
    • -identify pathogens and how they are transmitted
  4. List 2 objectives and examples of for standard 6
    • 1) describe physical, mental , social, and emotional changes that occur throughout the life cycle
    • - explain the male and female reproductive systems
    • 2) describe the interrelationship of mental emotional social and physical health during adolescence 
    • -develop strategies to manage inappropriate comments or advances from others
  5. List 4 general topics of standard 5
    • pathogens and transmission
    • signs and symptoms of most common communicable disease, methods of prevention/staying well
    • non-communicable disease, risk factors/signs and symptoms, risk reduction
    • STD's HIV/AIDS, prevention measures
  6. 5 general topics of standard 6
    • male and female reproduction
    • teen brain development and impact on behavior
    • developing dating skills
    • healthy relationships
    • benefits of sexual abstinence
  7. List 2 ways to stay well.
    • get rest 
    • wash hands
  8. Be able to describe the chain of infection, pathogen, and reservoir
    • pathogen= microorganism causing disease
    • natural environment= where the pathogen lives 
    • resivoir= where the germ waits
    • portal of exit= how it is transmitted, saliva, blood, nose, feces 
    • transmission= direct- person to person, insect=mosquitos
    • portal of entry= injected, inhaled, ingested, absorded
  9. Changeable risk factors for heart disease
    • smoking
    • decrease BP
    • decrease you cholesterol 
    • control you body weight
  10. List and describe 4 types of heart disease
    • hypertension= high BP=silent killer
    • atherosclerosis= slow progressive hardening of the arteries
    • angina= arteries become narrow causing chest pain
    • stroke= blood supply to brain cut off
  11. List 4 types of cancer
    • carcinomas= outside layers of cells
    • sarcomas= muscle, bone, cartilage, membranes
    • lymphomas= cancer cells found in lymph nodes 
    • leukemia= cancer of blood forming cells
  12. Be able to define the Caution acronym
    • C= change in bowel and bladder habits
    • A= a sore that doesnt heal
    • U=unusual bleeding or discharge
    • T= thickening or lump
    • I=indigestion or difficulty swallowing 
    • O= obvious change in wart or mole
    • N= nagging cough or hoarsness
  13. Know your STD worksheet
  14. Be able to describe the 3 trimesters of pregnancy
  15. 3 stages of labor.
  16. how many surfaces does the average person touch in 30 minutes
  17. what is the most germ-contaminated surface in the average home
    phone receiver
  18. which of these classroom surfaces has the most bacteria
    water fountain handle
  19. how long can viruses survive on common surfaces like doorknobs and staplers
    3 days
  20. how many bacteria are on the average students desk
  21. what is the best way to prevent the spread of germs
    wash your hands often
  22. how long should you wash your hands
    20 seconds
  23. vacuum cleaner brush
    • 50 % contained fecal bacteria, e coli, mold
    • will transfer room to room 
    • spray disinfectant on brush after use
  24. weight lifting gloves(polyester)
    -70% of gloves contained MRSA
  25. Grocery cart handle
    2/3 test were contaminated with fecal bacteria (more than average bathroom)
  26. gym equipment
    • 63% of equipment was covered with rhinoviruses(common cold)
    • avoid touching your face
    • use alcohol sanitizers 
    • wash your hands before leaving the gym
  27. resturant menu
    cold and flu viruses found to survive more than 18 hours on the menu surfaces
  28. airline bathrooms
    • 100 times more likely to catch a cold while flying than ground travel 
    • germs trapped inside plane surfaces
  29. your bed
    • 84% of beds in the USA have elevated levels of dust mites. they feed on your dead skin. their fecel matter and corpese cause astha and allergies
    • vacuum the floor and matteress
    • wash all sheets weekly
  30. the lemon wedge in your drinks
    70% of wedges were covered with 25 different microorganisms on lemon rinds (e coli, and fecal bacteria were most common)
  31. shower curtain
    • a cloth curtain is best 
    • wash it in hot water weekly