Biology 172 Lab Final Practical Examination II

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  1. Phylum? Class? Characterisics?
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    • Cnideria, Anthozoa
    • anemones
    • corals
    • no medusa stage
    • polyp is both sexual and asexual
  2. Phylum? characteristics? common name?
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    • Ctenophora
    • comb jellies
    • no stinging cells
    • 8 rows of cilia
    • planktovores
  3. Phylum? Class?
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    • Platyhelminthes, Turbellaria
    • free-living flatworms
  4. class? common name?
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    • Class Monogenea
    • monogentic fluke
  5. Phylum? Class? characteristics?
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    • Phylum Annelida
    • Class Polychaeta
    • marine worms
    • Subclass Sedentaria: Christmas tree, spaghettie worm, lungworm
    • Subclass Errantia: sandworms, fireworms
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    bivalve mollusk shell anatomy: umbo, hinge, anterior adductor muscle scar, posterior adductor muscle scar, pallial line.
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    anatomical features of the soft tissues of a bivalved mollusk: mantle, gills, palps, incurrent siphon, excurrent siphon, anterior adductor muscle, posterior adductor muscle, foot, visceral mass, coelom, intesitine, heart.
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    anatomical features of the sandworm:  prostomium, peristomium, body segment, parapodium, setae, tentacles, cirri, palps, pharynx, jaws, and eyes.
  9. phylum? subphylum? characteristic? common name?
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    • arthropoda
    • trilobitamorpha
    • extinct
    • trilobite
  10. phylum? subphylum? class? subclass? characteristic? common name?
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    • arthropoda
    • cheliceriformes
    • class chelicerata
    • subclass merostomata
    • horseshoe crab
    • BOOK GILLS
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    • sea star anatomy: central disk, madreporite, anus, arms, spines,tube feet, ambulacral grooves, mouth, gonad, pyloric caecum (digestive gland),radial canal, ampulla, pyloric stomach (inner circle), and cardiac stomach (outer circle).
    • Phylum Echinoermata
    • Class asteroiea
    • Aristotle's lantern!
  12. phylum? subphylum? common name? characteristic?
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    • chordata
    • urochordata
    • tunicates
    • larval stage (tadpole stage)
    • settles down, becomes sessile
  13. Phylum? Class?
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    • Phylum Cnideria
    • Class Cubozoabox jellies
  14. Phylum? Class? Characteristics?
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    • Phylum Cnideria
    • Class Scyphozoa
    • true jellies
    • medusa stage dominant
  15. Phylum? Class? Characteristics?
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    • Phylum Cnideria
    • Class Hydrozoa
    • Portuguese man-of-war: polymorphic
    • polyp stage is dominant
    • polyp/medusa: 2 stages
    • polyp (sexual)
    • medusa (asexual)
  16. Phylum?Characterisitics?
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    • Cnideria
    • stinging cells (nematocysts)
    • polyp/medusa (2 stages)
    • polyp: sexual
    • medusa: asexual
  17. Aurelia life stage?
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    moon jelly planula larva
  18. Aurelia (moon jelly) life stage?
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    scyphistoma
  19. Aurelia (moon jelly) life stage?
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    strobila
  20. Aurelia (moon jelly) life stage?
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    medusa
  21. Aurelia (moon jelly) life stage?
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    ephyra
  22. Phylum? Class? Life stage?
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    • Platyhelminthes
    • Trematoda (flat worms)
    • adult fluke
  23. Fluke life cycle stage?
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    sporocyst
  24. Fluke life cycle stage?
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    rediae
  25. Fluke life cycle stage?
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    cercariae
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    Trilobite anatomy: eye, cephalon, thorax, pygidium, dorsal vs. ventral surface
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    Horseshoe crab anatomy: carapace, opisthosoma, compound eye, chelicerae, pedipalps (first leg between chelicerae and walking legs), walking legs, book gills, telson.
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    • Spider anatomy: prosoma, opisthosoma, chelicerae, pedipalps, walking legs, book lung opening, spinnerets, spiracle, anus.
    • Phylum Arthropoda
    • Subphylum Cheliceriformes
    • Class Chelicerata
    • Subclass Arachnida
    • BOOK LUNGS
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    Crayfish external anatomy: cephalothorax, abdomen, antennules, antennae, chela, walking leg, compound eye.
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    crayfish mouth anatomy: mandible, maxillae, maxilliped, chela
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    crayfish internal anatomy: green gland (antennal gland), intestines, cerebral ganglion, gonads.
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    grasshopper internal anatomy: head, thorax, abdomen, compound eye, antennae, crop, heart, intestine, malpighian tubules, ventral nerve cord, cerebral ganglion, ovary.
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    Grasshopper external anatomy: walking legs, wings, spiracles.
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    grasshopper mouth anatomy: mandibles, maxilla, labrum, labium
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    tunicate anatomy: tunic, incurrent siphon, excurrent siphon, atrium, pharyngeal basket, stomach, intestine.
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    • shark external anatomy: eye,
    • nares (nostrils), mouth, ampullae of Lorenzini, gill slits, spiracle, anterior dorsal fin, posterior dorsal fin, caudal fin (heterocercal tail), anal fin, pectoral fins, pelvic fins, claspers, cloaca (ventral, near pelvic fin)
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    shark internal anatomy: heart, gills, gill arches, gill rakers, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, intestine, spiral valve, liver, spleen, gonad (testis in male, ovary in female), kidney, and rectal gland.
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    bony fish anatomy: mouth, eye, nares, operculum, gills, anterior dorsal fin, posterior dorsal fin, caudal fin, anal fin, pectoral fins, pelvic fins, anus, lateral line, scales.
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    Bony fish internal anatomy: heart, gills, gill arches, gill rakers, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, intestine, swim bladder, liver, spleen (green thing posterior to liver), gonad (testis in male, ovary in female), kidney, and urinary bladder.
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    frog external anatomy: mouth, eye, nares, tympanum, forelimbs, hindlimbs, cloaca (right between legs)
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    internal anatomy of frog: cloaca, heart, lungs, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, liver, spleen, gonad, kidney, gall bladder, and urinary bladder.
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    Eye: cornea, pupil, lens, iris, cilliary process, sclera, choroid, vitreous humor, retina, optic nerve
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    Integumentary: epidermis, dermis (papillary layer, reticular layer), stratum corneum, stratum basal, hypodermis (adipose tissue), hair follicle, sebaceous gland, sweat gland, erector pili
  44. How many cervical, thoracic and lumbar vetebrae are there?
    • 7 cervical
    • 12 thoracic
    • 5 lumbar
  45. how many true, false and floating ribs are there?
    • 7 true
    • 3 false
    • 2 floating
  46. common name? phylum? class?
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    • leech
    • Phylum Annelida
    • Class Hirudinea
  47. Phylum? class? common name? distinguishing characteristic?
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    • mollusca
    • polyplacophora
    • chitins
    • eight plates
  48. phylum? class?
    tusk shell
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    • mollusca
    • scaphopoda
  49. Phylum? class? common name?
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    • Arthropoda
    • pycnogonida
    • sea spider
  50. Phylum? Subphylum? Class?
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    • Arthropoda
    • Myriapoda
    • Chilopoda
  51. Phylum? Subphylum? Class?
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    • Arthropoda
    • Myriapoda
    • Diplopoda
  52. Phylum? Subphylum?
    insects
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    • arthropoda
    • hexipodia (Uniramia)
  53. Phylum? Class? common name? characteristic?
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    • Echinodermata
    • Ophirodea
    • brittle star
    • aristotle's lantern!
  54. Phylum? class? called?
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    • echinodermata
    • echinoidea
    • sea urchin and sand dollar
  55. phylum? class? called?
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    • echinodermata
    • holothuroidea
    • sea cucumber
  56. phylum? class? called?
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    • echinodermata
    • crinodea
    • crinoids, feather stars
  57. phylum? subphylum?
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    • chordata
    • cephalochordata
  58. phylum? subphylum? class?
    hagfish
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    chordata, craniata (vertebrates), myxini
  59. phylum? subphylum? class? characteristic?
    lamprey
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    • chordata
    • craniata (vertebrates)
    • cephalaspidomorphi
    • parasitic when adults
  60. Phylum? category? class?
    sharks, skates, rays, chimera
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    • chordata
    • gnathostomes
    • chondrithyes
  61. phylum? category? class?
    bony fish
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    • chordata
    • gnathostomes
    • actinopterygii (ostiechthyes)
  62. phylum? category? class?
    frogs, slamanders, newts, mudpuppies
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    • chordata
    • tetrapods
    • amphibia
  63. phylum? category? class?
    reptiles
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    • chrodata
    • tetrapod
    • reptilia
  64. phylum? category? class?
    birds
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    • chordata
    • tetrapods
    • aves
  65. phylum? category? class? reproductive type?
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    • platypus
    • chordata
    • tetrapod
    • mammalia
    • protherian (egg laying - ovoviviparous)
  66. phylum? category? class? reproductive type?
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    • kangaroo
    • chordata
    • tetrapod
    • mammalia
    • metatherian (marsupials: pouch)
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Biology 172 Lab Final Practical Examination II
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Biology 172 Lab Final Practical Examination II
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