painless circular, purplish ulcer with a small raised margin and hard edges
Soft, painless gummy, noninfectious, granular lesion that can affect any part of the body and cause sloughing
Treponemal Ab test
Peg shaped teeth
Secondary: skin rash
G- diplococcus, double bean shape
Gonorrhea can also affect the
Infants can contract
Gonococcal ophthalmia while passing through the birth canal
In females it can spread to the fallopian tubes, causing:
pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
Males experience what in gonorrhea
tingling of the penis
pain when urinating
swollen lymph nodes
It can cause infertility in males
Identify the organs in which gonorrhea occurs during the original infection and during complications of gonorrhea
Females: cervix and fallopian tubes. Steritily may result from scar tissue
Males: urethra, lymph nodes, testicles.
Pharynx, rectum, eyes
Compare chlamydial urethritis (Chlamydia) with gonorrhea with respect to causative organism, organs affected incidence, treatment, complications and diagnosis.
Gonorrhea Organs affected
Urogenital organs, pharynx, rectum, eyes
2nd most commond reported disease
355,991 in 2007
Silver nitrate or erythromycin
Sterility, keratitis (eyes)
Observing G- diplocci (double bean) & white blood cells
Can use a test that has a color reaction
There is also DNA test
Exceptionally small, round to ovoid with a cell membrane and outer membrane but without any peptidoglycan
Chlamydia organs affected
Females: slight vaginal discharge, inflammation of the cervix, burning during urination. May spread to and block the fallopian tubes causing salpingitis. 40% of untreated infections progress to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).
Males: painful urination and discharge that is more watery and less copious than gonorrhea. Chlamidial pharyngitis or proctitis is possible as a result of oral or anal intercourse. May reduce sperm quality.
Most common STD
More than 1 million new cases in 2007
Sterility, miscarriage, neonatal conjunctivitis
1 dose of azithromycin or 7 days of doxycycline. Erythromycin if woman is pregnant
2 fast and simple tests. A swap sample is used for a fluorescent antibody test using monoclonal antibodies.
An imunoassy test with a swap sample similar to gonorrhea test. In Dr. office
DNA test is also available.
Chlamydia may spread to and block the fallopian tubes
Name and briefly describe 4 sexually transmitted diseases other than syphilis, gonorrhea and Chlamydia.