Policing Questions Jake

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Policing Questions Jake
2013-12-10 13:39:31
Policing Questions
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  1. What are the Standards of Professional Behaviour?
    • • Honesty and Integrity
    • Police officers are honest, act with integrity and do not compromise or abuse their position.

    • Authority, Respect and Courtesy

    Police officers act with self-control and tolerance, treating members of the public and colleagues with respect and courtesy.

    Police officers do not abuse their powers or authority and respect the rights of all individuals.

    • Equality and Diversity

    Police officers act with fairness and impartiality. They do not discriminate unlawfully or unfairly.

    • Use of Force

    Police officers only use force to the extent that it is necessary, proportionate and reasonable in all the circumstances.

    • Orders and Instructions

    Police officers only give and carry out lawful orders and instructions. Police officers abide by police regulations, force policies and lawful orders.

    • Duties and Responsibilities

    Police officers are diligent in the exercise of their duties and responsibilities.

    • Confidentiality

    Police officers treat information with respect and access or disclose it only in the proper course of police duties.

    • Fitness for Duty

    Police officers when on duty or presenting themselves for duty are fit to carry out their duties and responsibilities.

    • Discreditable Conduct

    Police officers behave in a manner which does not discredit the police service or undermine public confidence, whether on or off duty

    • Challenging and Reporting

    Improper Conduct Police officers report, challenge or take action against the conduct of colleagues which has fallen below the standards of professional behaviour expected.
  2. PLAN your actions

    In regards to your actions think about:
    • P - proportionality
    • L - legality
    • A - accountability
    • N- necessity
  3. Police Service Purpose is:
    • to prevent crime

    • to pursue and bring to justice those who break the law

    • to keep the Queen’s Peace

    • to protect, help and reassure the community

    • to be seen to do all this with integrity, common sense and sound judgement
  4. List 10 key statutory and voluntary agencies or community groups that the police have partnerships with
    • Local Authority
    • National Park Authority
    • Defence Fire & Rescue Authority
    • Transport Authorities - VOSA
    • Probation Service - NOMS 
    • Health Authorities - PCT
    • Citizens Advice Bureau
    • Victim Support Service
    • Women’s Aid
    • Road Peace
    • Neighbourhood watch
  5. What is meant by the term ‘prejudice?’
    An unfair and unreasonable opinion or feeling, especially when formed without enough thought or knowledge.
  6. What is meant by the term ‘discrimination?’
    To treat a person or particular group of people differently, especially in a worse way from the way in which you treat other people, because of their skin colour, religion, sex, etc.
  7. The relevant protected characteristics under the Equality Act 2010 are?
    • • age
    • • disability
    • • gender reassignment
    • • marriage and civil partnership
    • • race
    • • religion or belief
    • • sex
    • • sexual orientation
  8. What are the 5 Levels of Discrimination?
    • Antilocution - (Bad Mouthing)
    • Avoidance
    • Discrimination
    • Physical attack
    • Extermination
  9. What are the 3 ways people react to Discrimination?
    Acquiescence - going along with the situation.

    Resistance – that is, responding to the situation by doing something about it

    Withdrawal- stems from acceptance that the dominant group’s opinions will not change, and of its power.
  10. What 4 types of people can make a Police Complaint?
    1) The person to whom the conduct took place

    2) A person claiming to be adversely affected by the conduct

    3) A person who claims to have witnessed the conduct

    4) A representative of either 1,2, or 3
  11. What 4 ways can someone complain about a Police Officer?
    • IPCC
    • Gateway organisations (Such as Citizen's Advice)
    • Force or police authority
    • A different force or police authority
  12. What is GPMS and what are the 5 categories?
    • SECRET
  13. What is meant by the word ‘community’?
    • The place where we live is a geographic community.

    • The people making up a community often share a common interest or purpose.

    • A community may be a group of people who share a common interest such as sport or music, share a cultural heritage or work for the same employer
  14. Give four examples of why some victims of crime feel unable to exercise their rights
    • They feel that their claims will not be taken seriously enough.

    • They feel that there is a lack of support from the police.

    • They may fear reprisals

    • They may feel vulnerable
  15. Explain Betari's Box
    Betari's box illustrates a relationship between attitudes and behaviour.

    My attitude affects my behaviour, which in turn affects your attitude and behaviour
  16. We stereotype are a result of what?
    • • Values
    • • Life Experiences
    • • Attitudes
    • • Way of seeing the world
    • • Beliefs
    • • Socialisation
    • • Opinions
    • • Attitudes
  17. List some things that you will expected to do prior to heading out on patrol?
    • ensure that you obtain all the relevant and current criminal intelligence for your beat

    • seek clarification on any information which is not clear or is otherwise difficult to understand

    • ensure conclusions drawn from the information are objective, based on thorough evaluation

    • accurately identify areas of vulnerability to crime and public order flashpoints

    • identify community issues and concerns and options for addressing those concerns

    • make plans which optimise your time spent and take full account of the needs of the area.
  18. What are the three elements necessary for a crime to occur?
    • the victim

    • the criminal

    • the opportunity.
  19. What are the 3 Key Needs of a witness?
    1. Safety – They will need to feel secure and protected , knowing that everything has been done to minimise the risk of intimidation to themselves and their families

    2. Information - They will need to know what is happening with the case and not be kept in the dark about its progress. Keeping people informed of what is happening is also required under the Code of Practice for Victims of Crime

    3. Support – They must not feel isolated; they need easy access to people and services that can support them and enable them to stay engaged with the process.
  20. List six practical and logistical problems of attending court which a witness might encounter.
    • • Transport to court
    • • Child care arrangements
    • • Taking time off work
    • • Obtaining food and drink while waiting for the case to be heard
    • • Reviewing statements
    • • Provision of secure waiting areas
  21. Complete the acronym ELBOWS
    • No
    • Erasures
    • Leaves torn out
    • Blank spaces
    • Overwriting
    • Writing between lines
    • and Statements to be in direct speech.
  22. 5x5x5 

    What is Category A-E
    • Category A
    • i. When there is no doubt of: the authenticity, trustworthiness and competence of the source.
    • ii. If information is supplied by an individual, who in the past has proved reliable in all instances.

    • Category B
    • A source from which previous information has proved to be reliable in the majority of instances.

    • Category C
    • A source from which information in the past has, in the majority of instances, proved unreliable.

    • Category D
    • A source where there is doubt about their authenticity of trustworthiness.

    • Category E
    • A source that is previously untried. Their information is not necessarily false but it should be treated with caution. Corroboration should be sought.
  23. 5x5x5

    What are Information Levels 1-5?
    • Information 1
    • When the information is known to be true without any reservation.

    • Information 2
    • When information is known personally to the source but is not known personally to the reporting officer.

    • Information 3
    • When the information is not known personally to the source but is corroborated by information already recorded.

    • Information 4
    • When the information is not known personally to the source and it cannot be corroborated in any way

    • Information 5
    • When the information is suspected to be false.
  24. PNC Mainly hold information on?
    • • people
    • • vehicles
    • • property
  25. What is needed to make enquiries on a PNC Vehicle application?
    • • VRM (Vehicle Registration Mark) enquiry
    • • partial VRM enquiry
    • • VIN (Vehicle Identification Number) enquiry.
  26. What can the mnemonic SHACKS help you remember?
    • Seen
    • Heard
    • Actions
    • Conversation
    • Knowledge
    • Smell
  27. When asking open questions what are the 5WH?
    • 1. Who?
    • 2. What?
    • 3. Where?
    • 4. When?
    • 5. Why?
    • 6. How?
  28. What are the Primary Objectives of a Police officer?
    • Protecting life and property

    • Preserving order

    • Preventing the commission of offences

    • Bringing offenders to justice

    • Any duty or responsibility arising from common or statute law
  29. What is intelligence?
    Information that is subject to a defined evaluation and risk assessment process in order to assist with police decision making.
  30. What are the four principles of data quality
    • o Accurate
    • o Adequate
    • o Relevant
    • o Timely
  31. Sources of information available to the Police Service include what?
    • • Victims and witnesses
    • • Communities and members of the public
    • • Crime stoppers
    • • Prisoners
    • • Covert Human Intelligence Sources (CHIS)
    • • Covert operations, e.g. surveillance
    • • CCTV and Automatic Number Plate Recognition (ANPR)
    • • Crime and disorder reduction partnerships
    • • Commercial agencies, e.g. banks and credit card agencies
    • • Fixed Penalty Tickets database
    • • Forensic science laboratories
    • • Internet – http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk
    • • Media
    • • NPIA Specialist Operations Centre (SOC)
    • • Neighbourhood Watch Scheme
    • • Police IT systems, e.g. Police National Computer (PNC), the Police National Database (PND)
    • • Other law enforcement agencies, e.g. Serious Organised Crime Agency (SOCA)
    • • Primary Care Trusts (PCTs) 
    • • Local Education Authorities (LEAs)
    • • National Firearms License Management System (NFLMS)
  32. A crime record must contain what information?
    • • Name of victim;
    • • Time, day, date of incident;
    • • Time, day, date when recorded;
    • • How the crime was reported;
    • • Who reported it;
    • • Location of incident;
    • • Modus Operandi (MO).
  33. The action you take at a scene can be divided into three distinct phases, what are they?
    • A Assess
    • P Protect
    • C Communicate
  34. A useful method of remembering your priorities at a RTC is what 3 step word?
    • C Casualties
    • O Obstructions
    • W Witnesses
  35. Which five areas must be considered during the initial response?
    • • preservation of life
    • • preservation of scene(s)
    • • securing evidence (including forensic evidence)
    • • identifying victim(s) and witnesses
    • • identifying suspect(s)
  36. What immediate priorities might a police officer face at a crime scene?
    • • Deal with a violent situation
    • • Provide first aid and call for medical assistance
    • • Reassure victims and witnesses
    • • Prevent public disorder
  37. Once immediate priorities are dealt with at a Crime Scene, officers should plan how best to conduct the investigation.

    The key factors they should consider are what?
    Scene Management

    Potential Evidence

    Key Considerations


    Initial Search
  38. There are a number of potential sources from which the investigator can gather material. These include?
    • Victims

    • Witnesses

    • Suspects

    • Locations, including scenes of crime and the victim’s or suspect’s premises

    • Passive data generators which are systems that collate or record data automatically and generate material which is not intended solely for the purpose of an investigation, e.g. CCTV recordings, telephone records, banking and credit card records

    • Intelligence databases
  39. Why is the "Golden Hour" so important?
    The Golden Hour is a term for the period immediately following the commission of an offence when material is abundant and readily available to the police.

    Positive action in the period immediately following the report of a crime minimises the attrition of material and maximises the chance of securing the material that will be admissible in court.
  40. An investigator must be clear about the objective that is to be achieved when carrying out an evaluation. In the early stages of an investigation, the objectives are likely to be broad and concerned with establishing issues such as what?
    • Has a crime has been committed?

    • Who is the victim?

    • Are there any witnesses?

    • Where or what is the scene?

    • Can a suspect be identified?

    • What material can be gathered?

    As the investigation progresses, these objectives will narrow.
  41. Name an investigative enquiry option?
    • • Crime scene examination
    • • Victim or witness interviews
    • • Media appeal
    • • House-to-house
    • • Area search
    • • Intelligence searches
    • • Tasking CHIS
  42. What lines of enquiry would you investigate following a crime?
    • Tracing a named suspect.

    • Identifying and locating potential witnesses who require interviewing

    • Pursuing significant information that requires further investigation.
  43. Define the term ‘critical incident’.
    ‘Any incident where the effectiveness of the police response is likely to have a significant impact on the confidence of the victim and/or the victim’s family and/or the community’.
  44. At its conclusion of an operation what should be evaluated?
    • a. If it achieved its objective(s)
    • b. What could have been done better
    • c. What worked well
    • d. What didn’t work well
    • e. If it could have been achieved with fewer resources or if it really needed more
    • f. What could have been done better
  45. Planning an Operation

    What is the mnemonic IIMARCH
    • - Information
    • - Intention
    • - Method
    • - Administration
    • - Risk assessment
    • - Communications
    • - Human Rights
  46. A policing operation where there is likely to be a large amount of people who maybe arrested, what items you may wish to assist your task?
    • • vehicles for transporting detainees
    • • temporary holding facilities
    • • Police Support Units (PSU’s)
    • • shields, ladders, evidence gathering equipment (cameras)
    • • property containers (bags, knife tubes, drugs bags)
    • • emergency lighting
    • • drugs dogs
    • • aerial support
    • • firearms officers
    • • officers entry enforcing equipment
    • • mounted division, dog section, police motorcyclists
    • • protective gloves
    • • torches, drain traps, cordon tape, fire extinguishers
    • • major incident boxes
    • • Roads Policing support
    • • drugs officers
    • • CBRN officers
    • • first aiders
    • • mobile toilets, catering van
  47. The command structure for an incident is used by most responding agencies. It consists of three command layers, what are they?
    Strategic - Gold

    Tactical - Silver

    Operational - Bronze
  48. Your asked to respond to an incident what things should you begin to think about?
    • • Am I close enough to respond effectively?
    • • Who else responded?
    • • What do the dispatcher’s words actually mean?
    • • What does urgent response mean?
    • • Should I attend but stand off and simply be available to assist if required?
    • • If others responded, will I be backing them up (and therefore should I ask them what they want me to do) or will I be the first at the scene and take control?
    • • How do I take control?
    • • Is there a police dog available?
    • • How do I get there, what’s my best route and why?
    • • Will I pass speed cameras, or schools, or densely populated shopping or residential areas etc.?
    • • Do I have specific local knowledge or know any known troublemakers?
    • • How many of them are there?
    • • Have I got all the information I need?
    • • Should I burst in with all my Personal Protection Equipment drawn and at the ready, just in case?
    • • Do I have the appropriate protective equipment on me?
  49. Explain the NDM
    • V = Values
    • I = Information/intelligence
    • A = Assessment
    • P = Powers/policy
    • O = Options
    • A = Action
    • R = Review
  50. What are the ten points of the modus operandi system?
    • S tlye
    • T ime
    • O bjective
    • P al

    • C lass
    • R eason
    • I nstrument
    • M ode
    • E ntry/exit
    • S ignature
  51. What does a crime report contain?
    • 1. victim’s details: name and address, date and place of birth, occupation, sex
    • 2. place of offence, time and date committed
    • 3. details of offence
    • 4. injury to victim and type of weapon used
    • 5. value of property stolen, recovered, damaged
    • 6. property stolen identifiable, non-identifiable, recovered
    • 7. means of disposal of offence (used for statistical purposes and is generally completed by a supervisor and relates to whether or not the crime was detected)
    • 8. officers attending scene
    • 9. persons wanted or suspected
    • 10.circulations if appropriate
    • 11.date supplementary crime report due (this may be subject to local procedure and does not always appear)
    • 12.date and by whom victim was informed of the result of the investigation. If you are investigating an offence it is important to keep the victim informed of your progress
  52. Explain the mnemonic GO WISELY?
    • G rounds of Search
    • O bjective of Search
    • W arrant Card
    • I dentity
    • S tation
    • E ntitlement of Search
    • L egal powers for Search
    • Y ou are Detained
  53. What is PAW?
    • Persuade 
    • Advise 
    • Warn

    This should be used to stop a situation from progressing into criminality.
  54. What is LEAPS?
    • L isten
    • E mpathise
    • A sk
    • P araphrase
    • S ummerise

    Should be used at times such as a Stop & Search.
  55. What are the Two Threat Levels?
    High Threat

    Unknown Threat
  56. What are the 3 types of calls that could be received from the control centre?
    I - Immediate Response

    S - Soon or Delayed Response

    R - No Response Required
  57. When you at a criminal situation what should you weigh up?
    P erson

    O bjects

    P lace
  58. The SARA-model is the Problem Solving method for policing, what is it?
    S can

    A nalyse

    R espond

    A ccess
  59. Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984

    Pace Codes A-H are what?
    A) Stop & Search

    B) Seize & Search

    c) Detention

    D) Identification

    E) Audio Recording

    F) Visual Recording

    G) Arrest

    H) Terrorism
  60. What are the 5 Levels of Intimidation?
    • 1) Life threatening
    • 2) Non-life threatening, but serious
    • 3a) Lower level harassment
    • 3b) Fear of intimidation
    • 3c) Fear of the CJS
  61. Human Rights Act, Name the 12?
    Act 2 Right to Life

    Act 3 Inhuman Treatment

    Act 4 Slavery

    Act 5 Right to Liberty

    Act 6 Right to a Fair Trial

    Act 7 Retrospective Crimes

    Act 8 Right to Privacy

    Act 9 Right to Conscience

    Act 10 Freedom of Expression

    Act 11 Freedom of Assembly

    Act 12 Marriage and the Family

    Act 14 Discrimination
  62. Give two examples of powers to enter and search under the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984.
    Any of the following answers are correct:

    Section 17 Entry for the purpose of arrest etc.

    Section 18 Entry and search after arrest

    Section 32 Search upon arrest

    A search warrant issued under section 8
  63. What is the definition of ‘premises’ in accordance with PACE 1984?
    • ‘Premises’ is defined in Section 23 of PACE and includes any
    • place
    • vehicle
    • vessel
    • aircraft
    • hovercraft
    • tent
    • moveable structure
  64. When must a search of premises cease?
    Once the item or individuals outlined on the warrant are found.

    In addition, the search must cease once it’s clear whatever’s being searched for isn’t on the premises.
  65. What are the three legal provisions that allow you to use reasonable force in the lawful execution of your duty?
    • Common law

    • Section 3 Criminal Law Act 1967

    • Section 117 PACE 1984
  66. What do we mean by the ‘right handed rule’?
    85% of the world’s population is right handed which means that there is a much higher chance of a weapon being carried by a person being concealed in a right hand pocket than there would be in the left.
  67. Give two examples of powers to search a person pre-arrest that require reasonable grounds to suspect.
    Section 1 PACE 1984

    Section 23 Misuse of Drugs Act 1971
  68. What can a Police Officer ask someone to remove when being searched?
    J acket

    O uter Clothing

    G loves
  69. List the 5 distinct areas utilised for the purposes of searching a vehicle:
    • • Interior
    • • Boot or cargo area
    • • Engine compartment
    • • Outside
    • • Underneath
  70. QUEST - Queries Using Extended Search Techniques 

    Allows you to do what?
    The PNC can be searched by:

    • • Description
    • • Marks, scars and tattoos
    • • Previous offences
    • • Modus operandi
    • • Force/station codes
    • • Postcodes, including partial postcodes.
  71. What details should you provide when asking for a person to be checked at the Control Centre?
    • Name: surname followed by any forenames
    • Age: date of birth
    • Sex: male, female or unknown
    • Colour: white/non-white or unknown
    • Height: feet/inches or metres/centimetres
  72. Name the types of report which can be attached to a vehicle record:
    • Lost/Stolen
    • Restricted
    • Found
    • Correction
    • Information
    • Seen
    • Removed
    • Destroyed
  73. What types of property would be recorded on a PNC?
    lost/stolen or found

    • Plant
    • Animals
    • Engines
    • Marine
    • Trailers
    • Firearms
  74. Name the four areas of a POLE search.
    • People
    • Objects
    • Location
    • Events (POLE)
  75. What are the Points to Prove for Common Assault

    • - Date and Location
    • - Unlawfully
    • - Assaulted
    • - Another Person
  76. What are the Points to Prove for Criminal Damage

    • -Without Lawful Excuse
    • - Destroyed or Damaged
    • - Property Belonging to Another Person
    • - Intended to Damage/Destroy Such Property
    • - Being Reckless whether it was Destroyed or Damaged
  77. What are the Points to Prove for Drunk and Disorderly

    • - while in a public place
    • - whilst drunk
    • - behaved disorderly
  78. What are the Points to Prove for Theft

    SECTION 1 (1) THEFT ACT 1968
    • - Dishonestly
    • - Appropriates
    • - Property
    • - Belonging to another
    • - Intention to permanently deprive the other of it

    What is Section 4?
    Fear and Provocation of Violence

    a) Uses threatening, abusive or insulting words

    b) distributes or displays to another person any writing, sign or other visible representation with is threatening, abusive or insulting.

    What is Section 4a?
    Intentional Harrassment, Alarm or Distress

    If with Intent to cause Harrassment, Alarm or Distress, he;

    a) Uses threatening, abusive or insulting words

    b) distributes or displays to another person any writing, sign or other visible representation with is threatening, abusive or insulting.

    What is Section 5?
    Harassment, Alarm or Distress

    a) Uses threatening, abusive or insulting words

    b) displays to another person any writing, sign or other visible representation with is threatening, abusive or insulting.

    Within the hearing or sign of a person likely to be caused Harassment, Alarm or Distress, thereby

    What is Section 3?

    Points to prove

    • - used/threatened 
    • - unlawful violence
    • - towards another
    • - conduct causes another person at the scene to fear for personal safety