AODS 155-Exam #4 Final-Physiology/Pharmacology of Psychoactive Drugs

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AODS 155-Exam #4 Final-Physiology/Pharmacology of Psychoactive Drugs
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2013-12-11 19:08:11
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AODS 155 Final
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AODS 155 Final Exam
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  1. True or False:

    Harm reduction requires abstinence?

    False
  2. True or False:

    Prohibition was totally ineffective?
    False
  3. Which of the following is a supply reduction technique?

    A. Treatment on Demand

    B. Needle exchange Program

    C. Teaching coping skills

    D. Limiting the supply of precursor chemicals
    D. Limiting the supply of precursor chemicals
  4. According to the text, which of the following have been identified as a resiliency factor for future drug abuse by adolescents?

    A. A strong spiritual sense

    B. Attachment to a non drug using adult role model

    C. Established personal positions on drugs

    D. All of the above
    D. All of the above
  5. What is the most common mind-disorder in the United States?
    Substance Abuse disorders
  6. According to the text, which of the following is a key treatment principle?

    A. To be effective, treatment should be voluntary.

    B. Treat substance abuse and other mental health issues separately

    C. Adequate time in treatment 6-8 months or more
    A. To be effective, treatment should be voluntary. (False)

    B. Treat substance abuse and other mental health issues separately. (False)

    C. Adequate time in treatment 6-8 months or more (True)
  7. What are the most common treatment settings, especially related to private pay  insurance?
    (Starting with the highest level of care)
    In patient detox

    Residential

    Day treatment / partial hospitalization

    IOP - Intensive Out Patient

    Out-patient
  8. What are the six dimensions from the ASAM American Society of Addiction Medicine?
    1. Withdrawal Potential

    2. Biomedical Complications

    3.
    Emotional, Behavioral and Cognitive Complications

    4. Relapse Potential

    6. Recovery Environment
  9. What is the 1st step of the 12 steps?

    A. Made a searching and fearless moral inventory of ourselves.

    B. Came to believe that a power greater than ourselves could restore us to sanity.

    C. Made a decision to turn our will and our lives over to the care of God as we understood Him.

    D. We admitted we were powerless over alcohol—that our lives had become unmanageable.
    D. We admitted we were powerless over alcohol—that our lives had become unmanageable.
  10. Historically, there have been three methods used to achieve prevention goals. Which of the following is not one of those methods?

    A. Reducing the supply

    B. Reducing the demand

    C. Reducing the harm

    D. Reducing the prison population
    D. Reducing the prison population
  11. Which of the following is a prevention program that has been tried?

    A. Genetic modification program

    B. Genetic correction program

    C. Temperance program
    C. Temperance program
  12. True or False:
    There is an evidence base solution, but it's too expensive so the government won't pay for it.
    False
  13. True or False:
    Prevention is not effective, therefore there is no reason to implement prevention programs.
    False
  14. True or False:
    No single approach to prevention has been shown to work consistently.
    True
  15. True or False:
    Drug decriminalization is a harm reduction technique.
    True
  16. Which of the following therapeutic evidence based techniques is most likely to currently be used in addiction treatment?

    A. Music therapy

    B. Art therapy

    C. Psychoanalysis

    D. Motivational interviewing
    D. Motivational interviewing
  17. What is it called when a Husband/Wife encourages their spouse to continue their addiction so that they can maintain control?
    Co-dependency
  18. True or False:
    Individual therapy is more effective for addicts and alcoholics than group therapy, but it's more expensive and therefore not used as much?
    False
  19. True or False:
    Treatment specifically targeted to different ethnic groups is no more effective than general treatment?
    • False
    • (It's more effective)
  20. True or False:
    Denial means recognizing and accepting problems but not doing anything about them?
    False
  21. True or False:
    Coerced treatment is just as effective, if not more effective than promoting positive outcomes?
    True
  22. Which of the following techniques is not an aspect of motivational interviewing?

    A. Involving clients so that they become their own advocates for recovery.

    B. Matching motivation tasks to each clients stage of change.

    C. Confronting clients in an effort to help them get by their device
    A. Involving clients so that they become their own advocates for recovery. (True)

    B. Matching motivation tasks to each clients stage of change. (True)

    C. Confronting clients in an effort to help them get by their device. (False)
  23. Which of the following are post acute withdrawal symptoms? (PAWS)

    A. Physical coordination difficulties

    B. Anxiety and hypersensitivity to stress

    C. Inability to think clearly and problems with short term memory

    D. Inappropriate emotional reactions and mood swings

    E. All of the above
    A. Physical coordination difficulties(True)

    B. Anxiety and hypersensitivity to stress(True)

    C. Inability to think clearly and problems with short term memory(True)

    D. Inappropriate emotional reactions and mood swings(True)

    E. All of the above
  24. Which of the following statements is true regarding panic attacks?

    A. Panic attacks are experienced only as a psycho logic phenomenon

    B. a person experiencing a panic attack and seeking self medication relief from the symptoms, would be most likely to pursue use of stimulant drugs such as cocaine and methamphetamine

    C. Panic attacks are experienced both Physically and psychologically
    A. Panic attacks are experienced only as a psycho logic phenomenon(False)

    B. a person experiencing a panic attack and seeking self medication relief from the symptoms, would be most likely to pursue use of stimulant drugs such as cocaine and methamphetamine(False)

    C. Panic attacks are experienced both Physically and psychologically(True)
  25. Which of the following is true regarding the use of psychiatric medications?

    A. They should be used only on a short term basis

    B. They should not be used in the treatment of someone with an addiction history

    C. The use of street drugs to self medicate is as reliable as the use of psychiatric medications.

    D. Treatment of anxiety, depression, and other mental problems with
    psychiatric medications can relieve many of the underlying causes of
    drug abuse.
    A. They should be used only on a short term basis(False)

    B. They should not be used in the treatment of someone with an addiction history(False)

    C. The use of street drugs to self medicate is as reliable as the use of psychiatric medications. (False)

    • D. Treatment of anxiety, depression, and other mental problems with
    • psychiatric medications can relieve many of the underlying causes of
    • drug abuse.(True)
  26. What are the symptoms of PTSD?
    Persistent re-experiencing of a traumatic event

    Persistent avoidance of situations or stimuli associated with trauma

    • Continuous state of hyper-viginlance
    • Heart palpitations
    • sweating
    • trembling or shaking
    • shortness of breath
    • chest pain
    • Feelings of choking
    • Nausea or GI distress
    • Dizziness or lightheaded
    • Fear of dying
  27. What does NAMI stand for?
    National Alliance on Mental Illness
  28. What is the definition of a co-occurring disorder?
    The simultaneous occurrence of an interrelated mental disorder AND substance use disorder
  29. True or False:
    Even after a person has gone through alcohol or other drug detoxification, it can take months for the brain and body chemistry.
    True
  30. True or False:
    The reward reinforcement pathway is located in the pre-frontal cortex of the new brain.
    False
  31. True or False:
    The term demand reduction seeks to decrease drug abuse by reducing the availability of drugs.
    • False
    • (That is supply reduction)
  32. True or False:
    Prohibition was totally ineffective from all points of view.
    False
  33. True or False:
    Coerced treatment is not as effective as voluntary treatment.
    False
  34. True or False:
    Harm reduction programs require abstinence from all psychoactive drugs.
    • False
    • (To reduce the cravings or demand of the people)
  35. True or False:
    Alcohol, tobacco and Marijuana, are still the major drug problems in high school and college
    True
  36. True or False:
    According to the text, substance abuse treatment is not effective.
    False
  37. True or False:
    Co-occurring disorder is a clinical diagnosis that is used when a person is addicted to more than one drug
    False
  38. True or False:
    Treatment for people with a mental health diagnosis in an addiction is most effective when each diagnosis is treated as a distinct and separate problem
    False
  39. what does CBT refer to?
    Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  40. What did Prohibition do that was helpful?
    Reduced admissions to mental health hospitals

    Cirrhosis of the liver death rates reduced by half.

    Decreased legal costs; jailing drunks, less domestic crime.

    Alcohol consumption reduced by half(50%)
  41. There are three levels of prevention. In order, who are each levels target user?

    Primary-

    Secondary-

    Tertiary-
    Primary- Naive new experimental users

    Secondary- Casual or habitual to prevent heavier abuse or addiction

    Tertiary- Heavy users and abusers
  42. True or False:
    Regarding Prevalence,refers to a chemical dependency and addiction are prevalent than other brain diseases and have a much greater impact on the fabric of society.
    True
  43. True or False:
    Hitting bottom is an important part of treatment to achieve success.
    False
  44. True or False:
    The neurotransmitters affected by psychoactive drugs are the same ones involved in mental illness. People with mental problems are drawn to psychoactive drug use in an effort to re-balance their brain chemistry. (Self-medicate)
    True
  45. True or False:
    In regards to mental disorders, patients who suffer from a dual diagnosis or coexisting disorder, the majority of the mental health problems are caused by substance use rather than by preexisting conditions.
    True
  46. What are the two key characteristics of substance use disorders.
    Tolerance and Withdrawal

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