REC 140 Final

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Author:
tenorsextets
ID:
252369
Filename:
REC 140 Final
Updated:
2013-12-10 16:09:32
Tags:
music theory
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Description:
#3, should be easy
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  1. Treble clef lines and spaces:
    • lines: E, G, B, D, F
    • spaces: F, A, C, E
  2. Bass clef lines and spaces:
    • lines: G, B, D, F, A
    • spaces: A, C, E, G
  3. Common time =
    4/4
  4. What do the top and bottom numbers tell you in time signatures?
    • top number: how many beats in the measure
    • bottom number: what note value gets the beat
  5. Natural half steps:
    • B and C
    • E and F
  6. What does a dot do to the value of a note?
    it adds half of the note's value to the note
  7. Accents:
    • Staccato ^
    • Legato >
  8. Repeat signs
    ||:  :||
  9. Fine:
    end/finish
  10. Da capo
    back to the beginning
  11. Dal segno
    to the sign
  12. da capo al coda
    go to the coda
  13. senza
    without
  14. Tempo markings:
  15. Subito, poco a poco
    suddenly, little by little
  16. Enharmonic pitches/keys
    pitches or keys that sound the same, but have 2 names
  17. Octave signs:
    • 8va: up an octave
    • 8bassa: down an octave
  18. Compound meter:
    6/8, 9/8, 12/8
  19. Syncopation:
    displaced accent
  20. Borrowed divisions:
    divisions taken from another meter (like triplets in 4/4 and duplets in 6/8)
  21. Ledger lines:
    lines above/below the staff
  22. Names of each step in a scale:
    • tonic: 1 and 8
    • supertonic: 2
    • mediant: 3
    • subdominant: 4
    • dominant: 5
    • submediant: 6
    • leading tone: 7
  23. major scale interval pattern:
    whole whole half whole whole whole half
  24. Chromatic scale:
    every note including the sharps/flats
  25. How can you tell sharp key signatures?
    the last sharp (furthest right) is the leading tone (7th)
  26. How can you tell flat key signatures?
    the second to last flat is the tonic
  27. Exception to the trick with flat key signatures:
    F major is the only one with 1 flat
  28. Accidentals:
    the sharps and flats
  29. Transpose:
    writing what you hear
  30. 6 characteristics of sound:
    • melody
    • rhythm
    • form
    • harmony
    • timbre
    • texture
  31. Melody:
    combo of rhythm and pitch to make a known tune
  32. Rhythm:
    sequencing of events, the things we feel
  33. Form:
    the big picture like verses and choruses
  34. Harmony:
    supporting notes to the melody
  35. Timbre:
    the coloring of the sound (like how a trumpet is "bright")
  36. Texture:
    how big the sound is (1 violin has a smaller texture than 10 violins)
  37. Difference between harmonic and melodic intervals:
    • harmonic: stacked
    • melodic: one after another
  38. Intervals - perfect and major
    • Perfect: 1, 4, 5, 8
    • Major: 2, 3, 6, 7
  39. Interval variations:
    • Perfect, augmented, diminished (P#, A#, d#)
    • Major, minor (M#, m#)
  40. Compound intervals:
    interval longer than an octave
  41. Interval:
    distance between any two notes
  42. Root position:
    tonic on the bottom
  43. Open position:
    move the 3rd up an octave
  44. Close position:
    all in same octave
  45. Triad:
    a group of 3 notes to make a chord
  46. 1st inversion:
    • 3rd is the bottom note of triad
    • ex: C major - CEG
    • Inv - EGC
  47. 2nd inversion:
    • 5th is the bottom note of triad
    • ex: C major - CEG
    • Inv - GEC
  48. What intervals are in a triad?
    major and minor 3rd
  49. Lead sheet:
    looks like a piano sheet but has words
  50. Major scale Roman numeral chord system:
    I ii iii IV V vi viiI
  51. Natural Minor scale Roman numeral chord system:
    i iiIII iv v VI VII i
  52. Diatonic:
    comes from the scale
  53. 12 bar blues:
    • I (4)
    • IV (2) I (2) 
    • V (1) IV (1) I (2)
  54. Axis of Awesome 4 chord song:
    I V ii IV
  55. Major 7th (∆ symbol)
    1 3 5 7
  56. Dominant 7th: (typically seen as like C7)
    1 3 5 b7
  57. Minor 7th: (ex: Cm/maj7)
    1 b3 5 b7
  58. half diminished 7th: (ex: Cm7b5)
    1 b3 b5 b7
  59. Full diminished 7th: (ex: Co7)
    1 b3 b5 bb7
  60. Borrowed dominant:
    not originally in the key signature

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