Chem: Test 2

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LaurenCamp29
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252370
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Chem: Test 2
Updated:
2014-06-14 15:49:39
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Chemistry goldman periodic table review test waves electron configuration jun marking period
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Junior Chemistry
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  1. Describes the outermost electrons in an atom
    Valence Electrons
  2. A positively charged ion
    Cation
  3. A negatively charged ion
    Anion
  4. Rule stating all elements want to be like their noble gases or have 8 electrons in their valence shell
    Octet Rule
  5. The charge group 3A elements have a...
    +3 Charge
  6. The section of the periodic table where the group number dictates their valence electrons
    Main group elements
  7. The charge metals get when they lose electrons
    Positive
  8. Name off the group of metals that are most reactive
    Alkali Metals
  9. Name of group elements that form a +2 charge when they become ions
    Alkaline Earth Metals
  10. How may neutrons does the nucleus of the Phosphorus-34 isotope have?
    • 19
    • (34-15=19)
    • (Mass-Protons=neutrons)
  11. Going down the metal family the chemical activity becomes?
    Increased
  12. Going down the non-metal family the chemical activity becomes?
    Decreased
  13. Across a period the electron affinity gets...
    Larger
  14. Across a period the size of the atom gets...
    Smaller
  15. How did Mendeleev arrange the periodic table?
    Atomic Mass
  16. How did Mosley improve on Mendeleev's table?
    Atomic number
  17. What happens to an atoms atomic number and atomic mass as you go left or right?
    Gets larger
  18. Why are their seven periods in the periodic table?
    7 colors in the rainbow/7 energy levels
  19. What energy level would you find Ca in?
    4
  20. What type of charge do all nonmetals get, when they become anions?
    Negative
  21. How many valence electrons does group 2 have?
    2
  22. How many valence electrons does group 13 have?
    3
  23. How many valence electrons does group 16 have?
    6
  24. Which group are the halogens located?
    Group 17
  25. Element with the largest Ionization energy
    Helium
  26. Element with the smallest electron affinity
    Francium
  27. Which is large O or O-2
    O-2
  28. Which is larger Fe or Fe+2
    Fe
  29. Which element has a higher boiling point Al or Fe?
    Fe
  30. Element in group 2 that is the largest
    Radium
  31. Element in period 2 that is the smallest?
    Beryillum
  32. Why are Gamma Rays much more dangerous to us then visible light waves?
    Gamma Rays have smaller wavelengths and a higher frequency
  33. What type of relationship does Frequency and Wavelength have?
    Inverse
  34. What type of relationship does Frequency and Energy have?
    Direct
  35. According to the Bohr Model, where can the electrons be found in an atom?
    Specific Energy Levels
  36. Based on the Bohr model the second energy level can hold?
    8 electrons
  37. According to the Schrodinger model, where can electrons be found in atom?
    Orbitals/everywhere
  38. The first quantum number tells us the...
    Energy level
  39. The P orbital has how many forms or shapes?
    2
  40. Mg valence electrons are located in which energy level?
    5
  41. The third quantum number tells us the...
    number of electrons that each orbital can hold
  42. The letter S P D F represent an atom's...
    Shape
  43. The distance between 2 waves
    Wavelength
  44. The number of waves that passes a given point in a second
    Frequency
  45. Energy required to lose an electron
    Ionization energy
  46. Size of an atom
    Atomic Radius
  47. To want to gain an electron
    Electron affinity

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