Wellness Final

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  1. the biggest impediment to academic success
  2. negative stress
  3. positive stress
  4. one primary function of cortisol is to release
  5. describes how the body responds to stress when homeostasis is disrupted
    general adaptive syndrome
  6. the psychological reaction induced by nervous and hormonal signals that readies the heart, muscle, and other organs and systems in ways that promote survival
    fight or flight response
  7. the simultaneous changes that occur in the body to maintain homeostasis
  8. causes cancer by weakening the immune system
  9. an individual's response to stress in severe cases
    post-traumatic stress disorder
  10. a state of stress-induced physical and mental exhaustion
  11. a stress management technique that identifies muscular tension and releases it one muscle group at a time
    progressive muscle relaxation
  12. involves monitoring physical stress response
  13. the second leading cause of death in the United States
  14. a non-cancerous tumor
  15. cancerous tumor that needs oxygen and nutrients to grow
  16. two main types of lymphomas
    Hodgkins and Non-Hodgkins
  17. leukemias cause an increase in
    white blood cells
  18. the fastest growing chronic disease
  19. the majority of Americans with diabetes have this type
    Type 2
  20. In Type 2 diabetes, the cells become resilient to
  21. reduce your cell's sensitivity to insulin
    refined carbohydrates
  22. post-menopausal women are at a greater risk for
  23. a group of join diseases
  24. causes the body's immune system to attack the joints
    rheumatoid arthritis
  25. the leading cause of death in the United States
    cardiovascular disease
  26. the type of cardiovascular disease that causes most deaths
    coronary heart disease
  27. blood pressure is represented by ________ over ________
    systolic over diastolic
  28. the type of cholesterol that removes plaque from the artery walls
  29. the risk for cardiovascular disease is lowered by
    moderate exercise
  30. the measure of the amount of chemical energy that food provides
  31. of the 20 amino acids, 9 are considered _____
  32. protein from plant sources can be combined to obtain _______ ______
    complementary proteins
  33. type of carbohydrates that primarily provide energy
    simple carbohydrates
  34. a measure of the rate at which foods raise blood sugar levels
    glycemic index
  35. produced by adding hydrogen atoms to unsaturated oil
    trans fats
  36. a disease associated with low calcium intake
  37. in order to lose weight, an individual should strive to achieve a negative ________ ________
    caloric balance
  38. women need ____% essential fat for reproductive system related fat tissue in the body
  39. the relative amounts of lean and fat tissue in the body
    body composition
  40. the method of body composition assessment using low-dose beams of x-ray energy to measure total fat mass, fat distribution pattern, and bone density
  41. the principle that lean tissue is a better conductor than fat
    bioelectrical impedance
  42. the minimal amount of fat needed for normal psychological function
    essential fat
  43. a pound of fat is comprised of _______ calories
  44. the simplest method of stretching for those just starting a stretching program
    static stretching
  45. stretching with a jerking or bouncing movement
    ballistic stretching
  46. often measured by determining the maximum weight a person can lift one time
    muscular strength
  47. skeletal muscles are under ______ control
  48. athletes with ____ twitch fibers are more suited for sports requiring quick or short actions (like sprints or weight lifting)
  49. best developed by weight work with lower resistance and higher repetition
    muscular endurance
  50. the ability of the cardiovascular respiratory systems to provide oxygen to the muscles
    cardiorespiratory fitness
  51. the most popular cardiorespiratory activity in the United States
  52. The human heart has 4 chambers, 2 upper (______), and 2 lower (_______)
    atria, ventricle
  53. the pressure exerted on the walls of the blood vessels
    blood pressure
  54. What is the best exercise for cardiorespiratory exercise?
    one that increases the heart rate the most over time
  55. Prochaska's states of change
    • pre-contemplation
    • contemplation
    • preparation
    • action
    • maintenance
    • termination
  56. a set of attributes that relate to your ability to perform moderate to vigorous physical activity without undue fatigue
    physical fitness
  57. principle about training at a level that is greater than what your body is accustomed to
    overload principle
  58. a change in the body that occurs as a result of exercise training
    training effect
  59. states that the amount of adaptation you can expect from exercise directly relates to the amount of overload incorporated into the program
    dose response
  60. components of the FITT formula
    • frequency 
    • intensity
    • time
    • type
  61. a change in a body system as a result of training
  62. the optimal soundness of body and mind
  63. hypokinetic diseases are cause by
  64. the 6 dimensions of wellness are
  65. increased levels of body fat put an individual at risk for
  66. muscle fibers that tend to fatigue slowly
  67. as muscle temperature increases, so does
  68. incorporates height and weight to estimate weight classifications
  69. overall, most college students do not consume enough
  70. from a health standpoint, body fat percentage is more important than
    body weight
Card Set
Wellness Final
wellness 101
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