CMST300 Final Review 1

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  1. In terms of organization, how do qualitative research reports differ from quantitative research reports?
    Introduction explains why a particular group merits study, RQ more broad, Results & Discussion more integrated
  2. Realist tale
    most common in qualitative.

    • accurate representation of what was experienced
    • (people do X)
    • 3rd person details
    • research has final say on final write up.
  3. Confessional tale
    • Researcher present (1st person)
    • researcher shares their surprises
    • naturalness
  4. Impressionist
    • Chronological detail
    • event by event (fragmented)
    • people>participants
    • 1st person
  5. exploration purpose
    Provide a beginning familiarity with a topic--new interest
  6. Descriptive purpose
    • Explains the communication process.
    • Observes-->describes
  7. Casual/Functional explanation purpose
    To explain things.

    Explaining why political ad A is more persuasive than political ad B
  8. Interpretive Paradigm
    Humans are capable of reflectivity and their action is purposive. Human action is meaning-making. 

    Semantic relationships, No R, Nomothetic

    Local knowledge, heuristic framework
  9. Critical paradigm
    Use critical reflection that can produce knowledge.
  10. case study
    An investigation of a "specific, unique, bounded system." Think organization, family, etc
  11. Theoretical sensitivity
    The more informed you are, the more astute your observations are likely to be.
  12. Complete-participant role
    participants' lack of awearness that they are being observed.
  13. Participant-as-observer role
    Participants know that you're observing them
  14. Observer-as-participant
    observations over participating. Participants know the role, but researcher doesn't participate
  15. Complete observer
    Researcher neither participates nor has participants aware of the research study
  16. Gatekeepers
    The person who you need to get the authorization from.

    They control the "access gate" that determines whether or not you can "pass through."
  17. Sponsor
    Someone who takes interest in project and opens doors for you, introducing you to others in the group.
  18. Informants
    People who provide quality information about the group
  19. Maximum-variation sampling
    The researcher is interested in intentionally seeking out people, activities or scenes that will add a different, contrasting perspective on the phenomenon.
  20. typical case sampling
    seeking a participant that is typical and provide an in-depth description of that case. Think average member of group
  21. Theoretical construct sampling
    Useful sampling strategy for participant-observation researchers. Select participants or cases based on relevance to phenomenon that interests you
  22. Critical case sampling
    One that embodies in a dramatic way characteristics or features that are important in understanding the phenomenon under study
  23. Triangulation
    Refers to the use of multiple kinds of data and/or multiple methods in studying a given phenomenon.
  24. saturation
    when variation is accounted for and understood--finding more data would not add additional support
  25. qualitative interview
    interaction in which the interviewer has a general plan of inquiry but not a specific set of questions that must be asked using specific words.
  26. phenomenology
    describes the meaning of the lived experience for several individuals about a concept or the phenomenon
  27. interpretivism
    discovering how the participants understand their lives--the researchers interpretation should not be removed from the research process
  28. structured interview
    series of questions with a limited set of response categories
  29. semi-structured interview
    list of questions researcher wants answered
  30. unstructured interview
    "talking points"
  31. descriptive question
    describe a phenomenon using own words
  32. structural questions
    asking informants how they structure different domains of knowledge.

    "what kind of games can you play at recess?"
  33. contrast questions
    asking informant to web together different concepts. "what is the difference between a fight and an argument?"
  34. thematizing
    clarifying the purpose of the interviews and the concepts to be explored
  35. designing
    laying out the processes through which you'll accomplish your purpose, including a consideration of the ethical dimension
  36. verifying
    assessing the trustworthiness of the materials
  37. narative interview
    unstructured or semistructured protocol that asks informants for stories
  38. postmodern interivew
    critical paradigm-equalize power between interviewer and interviewee
  39. Steps of coding
    • 1. determine questions
    • 2. unitize textual data (broken down into parts)
    • 3. develop coding categories
    • 4. plugging holes
    • 5. checking (member checks)
  40. negative case analysis
    process in which researcher "tests" categories against new data--searching for units that are deviant
  41. exemplars
    represent the body of the data
  42. Developmental Research Sequence
    Used to understand semantic relationships and rules of a given speech community

    enthography/interpretive scholars interested in language use
  43. Grounded theory develpment
    generate or discover a theory, an abstract analytical schema of a phenomenon that relates to a particular situation
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CMST300 Final Review 1
2013-12-11 01:25:49

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