Professionalism and Practice in Engineering

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Professionalism and Practice in Engineering
2013-12-10 19:02:16
Professionalism Practice Engineering
Professionalism and Practice in Engineering
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  1. Professionalism and Practice in Engineering
    • Professional engineering responsibilities, especially in ethics and safety
    • Read Chapters 1, 2, 3, and 18
    • Becoming a P.Eng, Professional Documentation, Professions, Organizations, Accreditation, Project Management
  2. Professional Documentation
    • Responsibility of a P.Eng to check and sign off on various projects, structures
    • Engineering documentation, log books, keeping track of prototypes and results
    • With respect to virtual documents (2D and 3D sketches, calculations), check thoroughly
    • *In lab, how to show engineering calculations
  3. Problem Statement:
    Includes what and why, also how accurate and when
  4. Information:
    • Realize what information is given, what you need, how you will get it
    • All these things are expected to be clearly documented
    • Problem statement should be written so it can be clearly related to your design work
  5. Sketching:
    • Good engineers almost always sketch, use physical and/or symbolic representations
    • Sketching works coherently with the problem statement
  6. Assumptions:  
    Realize what information you will have to assume and approximate
  7. Solving:
    • There will be more than one way to solve, short and quick or long and detailed
    • Short and quick may be less accurate but sometimes might save time/money
    • Long and detailed may or may not give a MUCH better answer
    • Take into account how important accuracy really is (1 decimal place vs. 10, not always important)
    • Make sure math is correct and units are tracked
  8. Results:
    • Interpret the results, what does this answer even mean
    • Think back to the assumptions, were they correct, does the answer make sense
    • Continued reflection, relate answers back to the initial design, does everything fit
    • *Engineers not expected to be perfect, however it is our responsibility to catch mistakes, put forward best result possible
    • Must be as diligent as possible, refrain from negligence
  9. Professional Completion
    • Document everything clearly,  check work carefully, have our work checked, sign off and be responsible
    • Engineers are a profession, skills include education, training, and experience
    • Society of engineers is regulated, certain rules must be followed
    • E.g. Ontario has a Professional Engineers Act (defines "practice of engineering")
  10. Professional Negligence
    • Includes:
    • Failure to make reasonable provision for public
    • Failure to act or report a dangerous situation
    • Failure to make responsible provision for standards, codes, rules, laws
    • Failure to present clear consequences
    • Signing work not actually prepared or checked by you
    • Breach of Act or Code of Ethics, show disgraceful or unprofessional actions
    • Permitting a non P.Eng. to practice
  11. Misconduct Spirit
     Not always definite rights and wrongs, but you must show reasonable effort to serve interest of public
  12. expected to
    • Expected to be a prudent engineer, not perfect
    • Each engineering society has its own code of ethics, and sometimes the systems change
    • However, duty to public always comes first, society/safety > money
  13. PEO Code of Ethics:
    Follow duty to public, employer, other professionals, respect information, co operate, be nice, uphold honour and integrity of profession
  14. SOE Code of Ethics:
    • Give proper credit, contribute fairly, equal rights
    • *Codes of companies/schools are additions on to the Code of Ethics of Professional Engineers, Laws
  15. Camps
    Area specific camps deal with local engineering, also the Iron Ring ceremony
  16. Iron Ring:
    Ritual of the calling of an engineering, reminder to live by high standard

  17. Washington Accord:
    Aims to establish equivalence in engineering qualifications, US, UK, Canada, have signed but it is not yet complete
  18. Global Engineering Societies
    ISO - International Organization for Standardization
  19. Accreditation
    Check courses, facilities, people, processes, student work, use accreditation units (AU's) (e.g. 2000 AU's )
  20. CEAB
    Canadian Engineering Accreditation Board, part of Engineers Canada, accredit schools
  21. Provincial bodies (PEO)
    choose whether or not they accept this accreditation
  22. Process: 
    Review cycle, then report and visit
  23. Engineering Expectations
    • Portfolio/Self Reflection - Keep track of all work, keep feedback as well, stay organized, and REFLECT
    • P.Eng. Documentation requires engineering experience, 5 elements:
    • Application of theory, Practical Experience, Management of engineering, communication skills, and social implications of engineering,
    • Also includes Co-op reports, summary of duties, description of engineering experience, analysis and conclusions
  24. Resume
    Includes facts about you, your skills, reflection of work to date, be ready to discuss
  25. Project Management
    • Frequently, the end of the project measures success..was it on time, did it work, and was it on budget
    • E.g. Montreal Olympics stadium, late, over budget
    • Project management includes organized allocation of time, money, facilities, and people
    • Also an organized order of operations, what comes first, what can be done simultaneously
    • Split tasks into sub tasks, create an efficient way to do things, recognize skills
    • What does each sub task require, get necessary people/skills, what activities must be done
    • Need to be specific, not necessarily beginning, middle, and end
  26. GANTT Chart: 
    • Order of tasks, shows which tasks are active when, shows a beginning and end
    • Can also show tasks done concurrently, extended version also shows who, what, how much time, where
  27. Critical Path Method:
    • How much float (wiggle room) do you have, where is the flexibility and how can you use it
    • What are the critical paths, what absolutely must be done before another part can begin
    • Days allocated vs. days required, leave some room so things don`t go over schedule
    • Critical Elements: People, facilities
    • Easy to put everything on paper, hard to actually do