According to Laswell there are 3 components of communication, what are those components?
.Communication is the production and_________________________________________.
exchange of information by use of signs and symbols
the 3 basic components of the planning process
assessment of health problem and its supporting factors
development of intervention
evaluation of intervention
the emphasis of the precede- proceed model is?
.Intervention in a community
more targeted intervention
.Know and be able to explain the 3 types of interventions
universal- targeted at general population
selected- targeted at people who are at high risk for problem
indicated- families or large groups with individual factors for health problems
.Examples of high risk populations and why they might be high risk
immigrants who don't speak English and have no access to health care
youth who come from high crime communities and dysfunctional families
lack of income and low education levels
limited access to health care
youth who drop out of high school
adults or youth returning from prison
According to the risk and protective factors approach to health promotion, the degree to which youth have been exposed to ____________________________ factors is said to predict the likelihood of health risk behavior.
risk and protective factors
The Harm Reduction Model approach meets people _________________.
where they are
.The Harm Reduction Model focuses on the reduction of _________________.
.Define health disparity:
differences in health status between the majority population and population sub groups
example- racial and ethic minority and rural poor
The lack of _______________ in health care and services has been identified as another cause of health disparities.
same as 14
Key factor of health disparity
In class discussed 4 impacts of health disparity, provide 2 of those impacts..
quality of health care
access to health care
levels and types of care
many clinical conditions
.What are the 3 main reasons to evaluate?
learning and improvement
worthy components of the intervention, implemented as planed
what short term or immediate impact (change) did the intervention have
did the intervention affect the overall health problem/issue that was the ultimate target
.Define Logic Model
a diagram or structure that helps you set up an evaluation, it links what you plan to do with its expected impact and outcome
What do each of the 5 evaluation phases of the precede-proceed model tell you?
phase 1= from an ecological perspective, provides an overview of the connection between health and other factors, as well as potential social or quality of life outcomes for your program. may also give you an indication of the importance placed on a particular health issue in the community
phase 2= the nature and extent of a health problem or problems. patterns and trends and the affected populations
phase 3= behaviors and environmental conditions that you may need to target in an intervention in order to address the identified health problems
phase 4= factors that inform motivate or lead to the behavioral/environmental risk factors. you may need to target these in order to influence those risk factors
phase 5= the practical details about putting a program into action
According the Social Cognitive Theory, changing behavior is the function of what 3 characteristics?
individual (internal) characteristics
environmental (external) factors
What are the definitions of the individual characteristics of the SCT
self efficacy= confidence in ability to perform behavior capability= knowledge and skills related to behavior changeexpectations= what person thinks will happen if the change is made
What are the definitions of the environment factors of the SCT
vicarious learning= person learns by observing behavior of others and the consequence of that behavior
situation= social/physical envir. in which the behavior takes place and a person's perception of those factors
reinforcement= positive or negative consequences to a person's behavior
Define reciprocal determinism
iterative process where a person makes a change based on individual characteristic and social/environmental cues, receives a response, makes adjustments to his or her behaviors and so on....