1960's Vocab - Alyssa

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  1. SCLC
    • Southern Christian Leadership Conference
    • Founded by Martin Luther King Jr. 
    • Nonviolent protests
    • Inclusive of whites
    • Gained attention by publicizing injustice in the South
  2. Gov. George Wallace
    • Conservative Governor of Alabama, wanted segregationist policies
    • Prevented two black students from attending classes at the University of Alabama campus
    • Stood in the schoolhouse door like a little kid throwing a temper tantrum
    • Protesting desegregation of the school system
  3. Medgar Evers
    • Black civil rights leader
    • WWII veteran
    • Member of NAACP
    • Encouraged poor blacks throughout countryside to register to vote
    • Helped to gather witnesses/evidence for Emmett Till case, attracting national attention
    • Shot outside his home by Byron De La Beckwith - white supremacist
    • De La Beckwith tried for murder twice, both times ended with a hung jury
    • Third time, 31 years after murder, he was finally convicted
    • Media coverage of murder/trials
    • Evars buried in Arlington National Cemetery with full military honors
    • JFK publicly condemned the killing
  4. Jackie Kennedy
    JFK's hot wife
  5. John Connally
    • Governor of Texas
    • Riding in car with JFK
    • Rumored to have killed him
  6. Dealey Plaza
    • Downtown Dallas
    • Site of JFK's asassination
  7. Lee Harvey Oswald
    • Arrested for the alleged assassination of JFK
    • Killed by Jack Ruby in full view of live broadcasting cameras
    • Many believe his blame in JFK assassination was a conspiracy
  8. Jack Ruby
    • Dallas nightclub owner
    • Killed Lee Harvey Oswald 
    • Sentenced to death, but died before it was carried out
  9. Earl Warren
    • Chief Justice of SCOTUS
    • Made many important rulings that shaped American laws
    • Brown v. Board of Education
    • High point of American judicial power
  10. Cloture
    • The only procedure by which the Senate can vote to place a time limit on consideration of a bill or other matter, and thereby overcome a filibuster.
    • Under the cloture rule (Rule XXII), the Senate may limit consideration of a pending matter to 30 additional hours, but only by vote of three-fifths of the full Senate, normally 60 votes.
  11. Civil Rights Act 1964
    • LBJ - Great Society
    • Barred unequal application of voter registration requirements, but did not affect literacy tests
    • Prohibited racial discrimination in public places (theaters, restaurants, hotels)
    • Required equal employment opportunities
    • Anything federally funded could be cut off if there was evidence of racial discrimination
  12. Economic Opportunity Act
    • LBJ - Great Society
    • 1965
    • Created many programs/committees to benefit public
    • Office of Economic Opportunity, Head Start, Upward Bound, VISTA, Community Action Agencies, Legal Services Program, Public Broadcasting Act, National Endowment for the Arts and Humanities
  13. VISTA
    • Created under Economic Opportunity Act
    • Peace Corps teachers moved to low income districts
    • Paid more to work there
  14. Food Stamps
    • LBJ - Great Society
    • 1961
    • Aid to families that couldn't afford groceries
    • Only kept for one year, reintroduced later
  15. Wilderness Act 1964
    • LBJ - Great Society
    • Protected 9 million acres of federal land from corporate/private use
  16. Barry Goldwater
    • Republican nominee 1964
    • Lost to LBJ badly
    • Like seriously no one even liked him apparently
  17. A Choice, Not An Echo
    • Book written by Phyllis Schlafly
    • Outlined Conservative viewpoints
    • Encouraged Republicans to have a real Conservative candidate, not a liberal in disguise
    • Influenced Goldwater's nomination
  18. Hubert Humphrey
    • Vice President under LBJ
    • Ran for president in 1968 election
    • Picked as Democratic ticket after RFK's assassination
    • Lost by less than 1%
    • Would have won with antiwar vote
    • Announced he would stop bombings in North Vietnam, but it was too late to gain support
  19. Great Society
    • Series of progressive domestic policies passed under LBJ
    • Attempted to end poverty and racial discrimination
    • Mike Might Eat Cake Now Dance Country Voices
  20. Medicare
    • LBJ - Great Society
    • Part of Medical Care Act of 1965
    • Medical insurance for elderly - part of Social Security
  21. Medicaid
    • LBJ - Great Society
    • Part of Medical Care Act of 1965
    • Healthcare for welfare recipients
    • Paid for 20% of Americans' bills
  22. Elementary and Secondary Education Act
    • LBJ - Great Society
    • 1965
    • Federal aid to education
    • Textbooks, library materials, special education
    • Poorer districts helped first
  23. Appalachian Development Act
    • LBJ - Great Society
    • Money allocated to create Appalachian Development Highway System
    • Designed to spur growth in poverty-stricken Appalachia
  24. Housing and Urban Development Act
    • LBJ - Great Society
    • Expansions of Federal Housing Programs
    • Rent subsidies, low mortgages, placement in empty private housing, funding for water/sewer facilities, community centers, urban beautification
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1960's Vocab - Alyssa
2013-12-11 04:43:24
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