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  1. The thermohaline current is important because it transports this around the globe
    Heat/Moisture Nutrients
  2. In a controlled experiment, the variable that is the factor you are measuring
    Dependent Variable
  3. n a controlled experiment, the variable that is the factor you choose to manipulate
    Independent Variable
  4. In science, a concept that has been supported by many observations, experiments, and data and has been tested many times
  5. Portion of the pelagic zone of a lake or ocean through which light penetrates
    Photic Zone
  6. A temperate biome with low precipitation
  7. An aquatic biome that is a transition from river to sea
  8. Marine biome with very high diversity
    Coral Reef
  9. A Change in the nucleotide sequence of the DNA of an organism
  10. All the copies of every type of allele in every individual of a population
    Gene Pool
  11. A population that is not in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium will have a change in these
    Allele Frequencies
  12. A type of mating that must take place in a population for it to be in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium
  13. This type of selection takes place when environmental conditions favor individuals with one extreme of a phenotypic range
  14. Species that lay many eggs, of which few survive, have this type of survivorship curve
    Type III
  15. Type of growth model that takes into account the availability of resources
    Logistic Growth Model
  16. In humans, there is a higher survivorship of young and middle aged individuals which is the characteristic of this type of survivorship curve
    Type I
  17. The birth rate of a population minus the death rate
    Per Capita Rate of Increase
  18. The process of selective breeding that led to all the different breeds of dogs we have today is an example of this type of selection
    Artificial Selection
  19. These fossils have some characteristics of an ancestral group and other characteristics of a derived group
    Transitional Fossils
  20. The anal spur of a snake is an example of this type of “leftover” structure inherited from an ancestor but no longer used
    Vestigial Structure
  21. Molecular evidence of the relatedness of living organisms today can be found in this hereditary molecule
  22. Evidence of a common ancestor to all vertebrates can be seen in these two structures found in all vertebrate embryos
    Pharyngeal Pouches and post anal tails
  23. The amount of light energy that is converted to chemical energy by autotrophs
    Primary Production
  24. The terrestrial biome with the highest rate of primary production
    Tropical Rain Forrest
  25. The Largest reservoir of carbon
    Fossil/Marine Sediments
  26. Organisms that recycle nutrients by converting dead organic material into inorganic material that producers can use
  27. Type of succession that occurs after a volcanic eruption
    Primary Succession
  28. The approximate age of earth
    4.6 Billion Years Old
  29. A cell like structure that has a lipid membrane and metabolic reactions but no genetic material
  30. The concept that younger rock is on top of older rock
  31. The time it takes for half of a radioactive isotope to decay to a non-radioactive isotope
    Half Life
  32. Theory that explains how the 1st eukaryotic cells may have come about
    Theory of Endosymbiosis
  33. The efficiency transfer from one trophic level to the next
  34. Organisms that feed on the producers in a community
    Primary Consumers
  35. Direction of energy flow in a trophic pyramid
    Bottom to top (Producers to top Consumers)
  36. Where toxins accumulate in a trophic pyramid
    The top of the pyramid (Top Consumers)
  37. What is described by the trophic structure of a community?
    Feeding relationships or flow of energy
  38. The offspring that result from an interspecific mating
  39. Type of reproductive isolation that separates these two species of garter snake, one that prefers to be in the water and one that prefers to be on land
    Habitat Isolation
  40. A mule is an example of this type of reproductive barrier
    Reduced Hybrid Fertility
  41. Corals have external fertilization so they often have this type of isolation that prevents fertilization
    Gametic Isolation
  42. Two populations of mosquitofish live in different ponds and have different environmental pressures. Over time they may become two different species via this type of speciation
  43. Type of plant that has naked seeds found in cones
  44. Common name for nonvascular plant
  45. Type of plant that thrived during the Carboniferous Period and made the industrial revolution possible
    Seedless Vascular Plants
  46. The fruit of an angiosperm develops from this structure
  47. The term used to describe a seed plant that produces both seed and pollen cones (or flowers) on each individual plant
  48. One characteristic that separates plants from green algae is the protection of this
  49. An apple tree represents this plant generation
    Sporophyte Generation
  50. Plant cell walls are composed of this
  51. A single cell produced asexually that is capable of developing into a new individual plant under the right conditions
  52. The generation of a moss that is green and leafy
  53. Single celled protists with silica shells
  54. Some heterotrophic protists move by streaming cytoplasm in these changing structures
  55. The pathogenic protist that causes malaria
  56. The type of protist that caused the potato famine of the 1800’s
    Water Mold (Phytophthora)
  57. A ciliated heterotrophic protist with 2 nuclei- a micronucleus and a macronucleus
  58. Ultimately, where most of the mass of a plant comes from
    Carbon Dioxide
  59. The process that drives the transport of water and minerals from the roots to the leaves
  60. Type of plant tissue composed of undifferentiated cells
  61. The two types of meristem tissue in plants
    Apical and Lateral
  62. The vascular cambium produces this kind of tissue
    Secondary xylem and secondary phloem
  63. Gymnosperm seeds are different from angiosperm seeds in that they lack this tissue
  64. Type of fruit that develops from a flower with one carpel
    Simple Fruit
  65. In flowering plants, the mature seed contains the embryo and the nutrients in the form of endosperm and these structures
  66. In flowering plants, the cells from which the endosperm develops
    2 polar nuclei and 1 sperm cell
  67. As the seed develops, the first division of the zygote yields two cells- the terminal cell which will develop into the embryo and the basal cell which develops into this structure that anchors the embryo to the parent plant or endosperm
  68. Primary growth in plants is growth in this direction
  69. These specialized cells transport xylem sap
    Tracheids or Vessel Elements
  70. Plant tissue that makes indeterminate growth in plants possible
  71. These specialized cells of vascular tissue lack nuclei and ribosomes but adjacent companion cells synthesize proteins for them
    Sieve Tube Elements
  72. Most of a plant’s metabolic reactions take place in this type of ground tissue cell
    Parenchyma Cell
  73. Type of bacteria with thick cell walls that stain purple in crystal violet
    Gram Positive Bacteria
  74. These structures pull two bacterial cells together for conjugation
  75. Membranous structures where photosynthesis takes place in cyanobacteria
    Thylakoid Membranes
  76. Term used to describe the integration into the bacterial chromosome of free DNA picked up from the environment
  77. A bacterium that is capable of donating a copy part of its chromosome to another bacterium
    Hfr Cell
  78. Term for a flower that is lacking either stamen, carpels, sepals, or petals
    Incomplete flower
  79. These three “Fs” distinguish angiosperm reproduction from gymnosperm reproduction
    Flowers, Fruit, and Double Fertilization
  80. This method of asexual reproduction involves the breaking off of a piece of the parent plant that then grows into a new individual plant which is genetically identical to the parent
  81. This structure is composed of the megasporangium, the megaspore, and the integuments
  82. These cells of the female gametophyte produce chemicals that guide the pollen tube to the micropyle
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2013-12-11 02:24:42
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