Chapter 11 Industrial Design

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Chapter 11 Industrial Design
2013-12-16 11:17:20
ME 2024 Final Test Chapter 11 Industrial Design ID

Industrial Design
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  1. What are five critical goals that industrial designers help a team to achieve when developing a new product?
    • Utility
    • Appearance
    • Ease of Maintenance
    • Low costs
    • Communication
  2. The cost of ID for products with relatively little user interaction (ex.: industrial equipment) is approximately ___.
    tens of thousands of dollars
  3. Development of an intensely visual and interactive product (ex.: automobile) requires ___ of dollars of ID effort.
  4. The more important ergonomics and aesthetics are to the product's success, the more ___ the product is on ID.
  5. The ___ of ID services is determined by the number and type of designers used, duration of the project, number of models required, material costs and other related expenses.
    Direct cost
  6. The expenses incurred to implement the product details created through ID is known as ___.
    Manufacturing cost.
  7. The penalty associated with extended lead time is called ___.
    Time cost
  8. What are the benefits of using ID?
    • Increased product appeal and greater customer satisfaction through additional or better features
    • strong brand identity
    • product differentiation
  9. ___ is when a company's products maintain a consistent and recognizable appearance.
    Visual equity
  10. What are the six steps of the industrial design process?
    • Investigation of customer needs
    • Conceptualization
    • Preliminary refinement
    • Further refinement and final concept selection
    • Control drawings or models
    • Coordination with engineering, manufacturing, and external vendors
  11. What are thumbnail sketches?
    Simple sketches of each concept made by industrial designers
  12. Models of the most promising concepts are known as ___.
    Soft models
  13. Soft models are created in the ___ step of the ID process.
    Preliminary refinement
  14. Hard models and information-intensive drawings are known as ___.
  15. ___ are still technically nonfunctional yet are close replicas of the final design with a very realistic look and feel
    Hard models
  16. Hard models are created in the ___ step of the ID process
    Further refinement and final concept selection
  17. What is emotional appeal?
    The rating of the overall consumer appeal of the product
  18. What is product differentiation?
    The rating of a product's uniqueness and consistency with the corporate identity
  19. There is a high degree of user interaction for ___ products