History I Clep

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  1. This act in 1789 provided for a supreme court with 6 justices and invested it with the power to rule on the constitutional validity of state laws.
    The Judiciary Act of 1789
  2. This Act established a system of district courts to serve as courts of original jurisdiction and 3 courts of appeals were also provided for.
    The Judiciary Act of 1789
  3. What were the first 3 executive departments established by congress?
    State, treasury, and war
  4. Who was the first head of the department of state?
    Thomas Jefferson
  5. Who was the first head of the department of treasury?
    Alexander Hamilton
  6. Who was the first head of the department of war?
    Henry Knox
  7. Who was the first attorney general?
    Edmund Randolph
  8. Alexander Hamilton in his report on the Public Credit proposed what?
    • 1. The funding of the national debt at face value
    • 2. Fed assumption of state debts
    • 3. Establishment of a national bank
  9. Alexander Hamilton's report on manufactures proposed.
    Extensive federal stimulation of industrial development through subsidies and tax incentives. Funds would come from tax on distillers and tariffs on imports
  10. Who believed the constitution had extensive powers or "implied" powers in a broad interpretation.
    Alexander Hamilton and the Federalist Party
  11. Who opposed the establishment of a national bank on the basis of a "strict" (belief that if an action is not specifically mentioned in the constitution then its prohibited) interpretation of the constitution?
    Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and the Republicans
  12. Where did the Federalist receive their strongest support from?
    Business and financial groups in the commercial centers of the NE and in the port cities of the South.
  13. Where did the republicans receive their strongest support from?
    Rural and frontier areas of the South and West
  14. In 1792 the French revolution of spurred what action form G. Washington?
    Proclamation of Neutrality
  15. Who violated the Proclamation of Neutrality embarrassing the president?
    Citizen Genet
  16. During the French Revolution this led to the British seizing American merchant ships and impressing their crews into service in the British navy.
    Lucrative trade with the French West Indies
  17. What 1794 treaty attempted to settle the American conflict with the British?
    Jay's Treaty
  18. This treaty of 1795 (ratified by the senate in 1796) was negotiated by Thomas Pinckney and opened up the Mississippi River to American traffic.
    The Treaty with Spain
  19. After General Anthony Wayne defeated the Indians at the battle of fallen timbers (1794)  what treaty cleared the Ohio territory of Indian tribes?
    The Treaty of Greenville
  20. Western farmers refused to pay the excise tax on whiskey and some farmers in PA terrorized tax collectors in what became know as the what?
    Whiskey Rebellion 1794
  21. In 1798 a 3 man delegation was solicited for bribes by subordinates of of the french Minister. This became known as what?
    The XYZ Affair
  22. From 1798-1799 this uproar caused Adams to suspend all trade with the French, Congress created a Dept of Navy, and war seemed imminent until Napoleon came to power in France.
    Quasi War
  23. This act raised new hurdles in the path of immigrants trying to earn citizenship.
    The Alien Act
  24. This allowed the Adams administration to muzzle the newspapers that were critical of him
    Sedition Act
  25. What precedent did the Kentucky and Virginia resolutions set?
    That state govt. could nullify a federal law. This would come into play in the cessation crisis of 1860-1861
  26. The election of Republicans Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr ended in a tie between. How was this resolved?
    The election went to the house where Hamilton threw his support to Jefferson causing ill will toward Burr
  27. Adams filled the supreme court with federalists justices when new positions opened up following this.
    a new Judiciary Act of 1801 (passed by a Federalist congress)
  28. Once elected this president reduced the size of the army and canceled the expansion program of the navy.
    Thomas Jefferson
  29. What year was the importation of slaves stopped?
  30. What event persuaded Napoleon to agree to the Louisiana purchase?
    His defeat in Santa Domingo
  31. In April of 1803 America accepted France's offer for the Louisiana Purchase for what amount?
    $15 million
  32. This group of 48 left St Louis in 1804 to explore west to the Pacific Ocean.
    Lewis and Clark
  33. At the same time that the Lewis and Clark exploration was ongoing this man had been exploring and mapping middle parts of Louisiana.
    Zebulan Pike
  34. The western expansion led this section of the U.S. to organize a secessionist movement.
    New England (Federalist)
  35. What did the Burr conspiracy consist of?
    Aaron Burr was involved in this scheme to take Mexico from Spain and establish a new nation
  36. The HMS Leopard stopped the USS Chesapeake in the Chesapeake Bay and 4 alleged British deserters were taken off. What was this referred to?
    The Chesapeake- Leopold Affair 1807
  37. After the Chesapeake-Leopard Affair Jefferson responded with the Embargo of 1807 which involved what?
    American ships couldn't leave for any foreign port, this helped them avoid contact with other ships but the result was an economic depression especially for the NE
  38. Prior to Madison's inauguration congress passed the Non-intercourse act modifying the embargo of 1807 to do what?
    Open trade to all countries except Britain and France
  39. When the non-intercourse act expired what replaced it?
    Macon's Bill No. 2 which gave the president power to prohibit trade with any country who violated out neutrality
  40. In 1811 what pro war duo led both houses?
    Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun
  41. This Admiral defeated a British force on Sep 10, 1813 on Lake Erie at Put-In Bay.
    Admiral Oliver Hazard Perry
  42. Who defeated a British-Indian force at the battle of Thames?
    William Henry Harrison
  43. On March 27, 1814 this man defeated the Indians at Horseshoe Bend, and then seized the Spanish Garrison at Pensacola.
    Andrew Jackson
  44. What inspired the Star Spangled Banner?
    The British attack on Baltimore's Fort McHenry in 1714
  45. 2 weeks after the Treaty of Ghent Andrew Jackson decisively defeated the British at this battle on Jan. 8, 1815
    Battle of New Orleans
  46. Led by Daniel Webster on Dec. 15, 1814, what meeting of New England colonies that drafted suggestions of nullification and even secession.
    The Hartford Convention
  47. In 1816, what slowed the flood of cheap British manufactures into the country?
    Protective Tariff
  48. In 1817, what agreement did the U.S. and British reach to stop maintaining armed fleets on the Great Lakes?
    Rush-Bagot Treaty
  49. In response to continued piracy in the Mediterranean (1815) what action did the U.S. take?
    The Barbary Wars, declared war on Algiers who were quickly defeated by navy force led by Stephan Decatur
  50. America assumed $5 mil. in debt in exchange for the territory of FL in what treaty?
    Adams-Onis 1819
  51. In Dec. 1823 in an annual address to congress Pres. Monroe said the American hemisphere was, "henceforth not to be connsidered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers." This was known as what?
    The Monroe Doctrine
  52. What was the "Era of Good Times?"
    After the depression of 1819 the country grew economically, expanded west, and the mood pf the people turned positive
  53. This president was elected with only one electoral vote opposed.
    James Monroe
  54. What influence did the 2nd National bank have?
    It caused inflation
  55. After the War of 1812 what American goods became high in demand?
    Cotton, Grain, and tobacco
  56. What established the Supreme court's power to rule on constitutionality of of federal laws?
    Marbury v. Madison
  57. This case severely restricted the power of the state govt. to control the corp.
    Dartmouth College v. Woodward
  58. This case declared that no state can control an agency of the fed. govt.
    McCullough v. Maryland
  59. The Missouri compromise of 1820 and Henry Clay's compromise solution allowed for what?
    Missouri could be admitted to the union as a slave state if Massachusetts northern half could be divided into Maine and admitted as a free state.
  60. What ran from New Mexico to Independence, MO opening up an active trade corridor with the Spanish?
    The Santa Fe Trail
  61. The steamboats Clermont (1807) and New Orleans (1811) where built by who?
    Robert Fulton
  62. What canal completed in 1825 connected the Hudson River at Albany, NY to Lake Erie?
    The Erie Canal
Card Set:
History I Clep
2013-12-11 05:54:09
New Nation 1789 1824
New Nation 1789-1824
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