Sociology final

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Sociology final
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2013-12-11 13:48:04
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  1. A warming of the earth that  may change the globe's climate directly contributing to a disabling movement
    greenhouse effect
  2. The transformation of a human condition into a matter to be treated by physicians
    Medicalization
  3. A human condition measured by four components
    health
  4. A sociol role that excuses people from normal obligations because they are sick
    Sick Role
  5. An environment tht is harmful to health
    disabling environment
  6. T/f:Of the 3 demographic variables the migration rate affects the increases and decreases in the # of people within the global population the  most.
    False
  7. According to the texts discussion the field of demography focuses
    On population size, distribution and composition and how birth death and migration rates influence  each element.
  8. the incidence of childbearing  in a nations population
    Fertility Rates
  9. The functionalist view of education focuses on
    how education serves as a force in increasing social integration and solidarity
  10. Changes brought about by the affect of the baby boom moving through the life cycle are an example of social change caused by.
    Demographic shifts
  11. Thomas Malthus Theorem
    The idea that population grows geometrically and the food supply only increases arithmetically
  12. since 1975 approximately howmany years does it take  the world  population to increase by 1billion
    12
  13. What is a pattern of growth in which numbers double during approximately equal intervals, resulting in an acceleration of growth during the final stages?
    Demographic transition
  14. Which country  has the longest living citizens
    Japan
  15. talcott parsons made waht contribution to the understanding of health and medicine
    Sick role concept
  16. What is the goal of environmental sociology
    Undestand the interrelationship between societies and the envrionment
  17. A population explosion usually traditionally occurs in the ___ stage
    2nd
  18. In a class there are 55 students all 18years old thay comprise a___
    age cohort
  19. The inabillity to meet the basic necessities of life is called being in
    poverty
  20. A catagory of people who share cultural elements in a common such as language, national origin, andreligion
    Ethnic group
  21. Treating individuals unequally and unjustly on the basis of their group memberships
    Discrimination
  22. The process by which minorities shed their cultural differences and blend in with the dominant group
    Assimilation
  23. the division of a population into ranked categories with different levels of access to scarce and valued resources
    Social Stratification
  24. The overgeneralized positive or negative attitude toward an entire catagory of people.
    Prejudice
  25. Deviance is best defined as.
    Behavior beliefs or conditions that are viewed by relatively powerful segments of society to be serious violations of important norms
  26. Change in an individuals or groups position  in a stratification hierarchy is known  as
    social mobility
  27. A minority group is defined by its true ___of power
    lack
  28. The term___ refers to prejudice, discrimination and hostility directed against preople because of their  age and was coined by the physician____
    ageism, Robert Butler
  29. The life span for  humans is recorded as____
    122
  30. Term for unequal access to power, prestige, and property based on persons  sex
    Gender stratification
  31. Practice the south employed after the Civil War to segregate blacks from whites was called___
    Jim Crow Laws
  32. The ___ Theory developed by Robert Merton is based on the idea that most people want to attain cultural goals, but not everyone has the legitimate means of achieving them
    Strain
  33. Changes is society that cause large numbers of people to move up or down the social class causing one class to increase or decrease
    Exchange
  34. Durkeims term for a condition in which people become detached from the norms that guide their behavior
    Anomie
  35. What does it  mean when sociologist say that age is socially constructed?
    Age is based on cultural attitudes that are rooted in a society
  36. Which sociological perspective is most closely aligned with the explanation that social security benefits came about as the result of a struggle between competing interest groups
    The conflict perspective
  37. Sociologist who believe we help to produce our own orientations to life by joining specific groups is most aligned with which sociological perspective
    symbolic interactionist
  38. Erving Goffman used the term ____ to refer to characteristics that discredit people
    Stigma
  39. How do theorist view the relationship between industrialization and the elderly in the United States
    The social value of the elderly decreased with industrialization.
  40. Prejudice describes____,while discrimination describes____.
    attitudes;actions
  41. Refusing to underage drink even though you want to be popular illustrates?
    inner control
  42. This statement best describes race
    The meaning of race varies depending upon the society in which its meanings is constructed
  43. the belief that all social groups are systems whoe parts are interdependent is characteristics of?
    Structual functionalism
  44. Sociological Imaginations
    Enables people to understand the link between their personal experiences and the social context in which they occur
  45. _____ means that a researcher is successful in measuring what he or she intends to measure
    Validity
  46. The sociologist responsible for suggesting the connection between history and biography to explain the sociological imagination was
    C. Wright Mills
  47. Mark views society as a system of interrelated parts while john views society as composed of groups competing for scarce resources. Mark would be____ and John would be seen as___
    Functionalist;Theorist conflict theorist
  48. Erving Goffman used the language of the theater to describe how people present themselves in everyday social life this is known as
    dramaturigal theory
  49. The likelihood that a researcher will obtain the same results using the same measurements
    reliability
  50. the notion that language determines our conciousness is the basic premise of which concept
    Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis
  51. THe process by which cultural elements become connected andmutually interdependent is called
    cultural integration
  52. tradition of saying bless you is ?
    folkway
  53. in the nature versus nurture argument regarding socialization the nurture component refers to
    the social environment
  54. when entering college and having to learn new skills this is known as
    resocialization
  55. people and groups that influence our orientation to life our self concept emotions attitudes and behaviors are called
    agents of socialization
  56. the view that cultures have intrinsic worth and must be evaluated and understood
    Cultural Relativism
  57. The spread of cultural elements both material and non material from one society to another
    Cultural transmission
  58. George HERbert mead considered this to be the most essential for an individual to have as a trait
    The ability to take the role of another
  59. He loves to dress up like batman and pretend to save Gotham city he is in the ___ stage
    play
  60. What concepts do sociologist refer to when they say that "society makes us human"
    Socialization
  61. Beliefs and traditions are considered ____ by sociologist
    nonmaterial cultural
  62. Which sociological perspective is most closely linked to microsociology
    symbolic interactionism
  63. ____refers to the patterns of expected behavior attached to a particular status
    Role
  64. Which method of research often leads the current researcher to question the manner in which the data were gathered, the accuracy of the data, and the training of the original
    Secondary Analysis

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