SOCY Key People

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SOCY Key People
2013-12-11 18:57:27
SOCY 086 Study Cards
People and a description of their significance
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  1. Zhao Ziyang (1980-1987)
    Premier. was a high-ranking politician in the People's Republic of China (PRC). He was the third Premier of the People's Republic of China from 1980 to 1987, and General Secretary of the Communist Party of China from 1987 to 1989. Favored measures to streamline China's bureaucracy and fight corruption also was an advocate of the privatization of state-owned enterprises, the separation of the Party and the state, and general market economic reforms. His economic reform policies and sympathies to student demonstrators during the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 placed him at odds with some members of the party leadership, including Premier Li Peng. Zhao also began to lose favour with paramount leader Deng Xiaoping. In the aftermath of the events, Zhao was purged politically and effectively placed under house arrest for the next 15 years.
  2. Deng Xiaoping
    politician and reformist leader of the China who, after Mao's death led his country towards a market economy. While Deng never held office as the head of state, head of government or General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (the highest position in Communist China), he nonetheless was the "paramount leader" of the People's Republic of China from 1978 to 1992. Inheriting a country fraught with social and institutional woes resulting from the Cultural Revolution and other mass political movements of the Mao era, Deng became the core of the "second generation" of Chinese leadership. He is considered "the architect" of a new brand of socialist thinking, having developed "Socialism with Chinese characteristics" and led Chinese economic reform through a synthesis of theories that became known as the "socialist market economy". Deng opened China to foreign investment, the global market and limited private competition. He is generally credited with developing China into one of the fastest growing economies in the world for over 30 years and raising the standard of living of hundreds of millions of Chinese. (wikipedia) core of second generation leaders
  3. Jiang Zemin
    General Secretary of the Communist Party of China from 1989 to 2002, as President of the People's Republic of China from 1993 to 2003. Core of third generation leaders. Followed Zhao. Under his leadership, China experienced substantial developmental growth with reforms, saw the peaceful return of Hong Kong from the United Kingdom and Macau from Portugal, and improved its relations with the outside world while the Communist Party maintained its tight control over the government. Jiang has been criticized for being too concerned about his personal image at home, and too conciliatory towards Russia and the United States abroad. (wiki)
  4. Zhu Rongji
    is a prominent Chinese politician who served as the Mayor and Party chief in Shanghai between 1987 and 1991, before serving as Vice-Premier and then the fifth Premier of the People's Republic of China from March 1998 to March 2003.A tough administrator, his time in office saw the continued double-digit growth of the Chinese economy and China's increased assertiveness in international affairs. Known to be engaged in a testy relationship with General Secretary Jiang Zemin, under whom he served, Zhu provided a novel pragmatism and strong work ethic in the government and party leadership increasingly infested by corruption, and as a result gained great popularity with the Chinese public. His opponents, however, charge that Zhu's tough and pragmatic stance on policy was unrealistic and unnecessary, and many of his promises were left unfulfilled. Zhu retired in 2003, and has not been a public figure since. Premier Zhu was also widely known for his charisma and tasteful humour.
  5. Hu Jintao
    General secretary of the Party from 2002-2012, 6th president of PRC, 2003-2013, Hu is the first leader of the Communist Party without any significant revolutionary credentials. As such, his rise to the leadership represented China's transition of leadership from establishment communists to younger, more pragmatic technocrats. Hu reintroduced state control in some sectors of the economy that were relaxed by the previous administration, and has been conservative with political reforms. Along with his colleague, Premier Wen Jiabao, Hu presided over nearly a decade of consistent economic growth and development that cemented China as a major world power.
  6. Wen Jiabao
    6th premier (2002-2012), Soft-spoken and known for his strong work ethic, Wen has been one of the most visible members of the incumbent Chinese administration, and has been dubbed "the people's premier" by both domestic and foreign media. Instead of concentrating on GDP growth in large cities and rich coastal areas, Wen advocated for a more balanced approach in developing China's hinterland regions, and advancing policies considered more favourable towards farmers and migrant workers. Internationally, Wen played a key role in China's response to the global financial crisis and subsequent stimulus program.
  7. Xi Jinping
    current president of PRC and current secretary of the party. He has called for a renewed campaign against corruption, continued market economic reforms, an open approach to governance, and a comprehensive national renewal under the neologism "Chinese Dream”
  8. Li Keqiang
    current premier of PRC, was vice premier under Wen Jiabao
  9. Pan Shiyi
    chairman of SOHO China, has achieved tremendous commercial success, largely thanks to his flair for marketing and foresight in anticipating the needs of Chinese investors and small and medium-sized enterprises. Moreover, his distinct way of approaching life and work with optimism, levity, and candor has made him a public role model and a star in the eyes of the media. Pan Shiyi was born in an impoverished rural village in Tianshui in Gansu Province in western China in 1963. He graduated from the Hebei Technical College of Petroleum Profession in 1982, later working at the former Ministry of Petroleum, until he decided in 1987 to venture to Shenzhen and Hainan to embark upon a career in real estate. In 1992, he co-founded Beijing Vantone Co., Ltd., a developer now listed on the Shanghai Stock Exchange.Mr. Pan was honored as one of the “Top Ten Influential Figures in Real Estate Industry” by in 2004 and 2006, and one of the “Top Ten Influential Figures in Real Estate Industry” by in 2005. In 2008, Mr. Pan was named China Entrepreneur of the Year by Ernst & Young in the Real Estate category. He was selected as "2009 Real Estate Person of the Year" by Turtles New Yorker article for more infoFrom Ren p. 145“Pan Shiyi graduated from a provincial college and worked as a government clerk in Gansu province… He quit his state-sector job and went to Hainan in the 1990s. He made a small fortune by buying and selling real estate…After the Hainan real estate bubble popped, he moved to beijing with his wife Zhang Xin and began to look for business opportunities.” SOHO acquired a bankrupt SOE and transformed it into a prestigious office space.“Pan Shiyi and Zhang Xin are among the first generation of private entrepreneurs and billionaires in reform-era China.” Shows increasing inequality
  10. Zhang Xin
    Pan shiyi’s wife, also CEO of Soho. She was educated in the UK at Cambridge and speaks english. She worked on Wall Street briefly.
  11. Lu Qingmin
    in factory girls --IsabelA.k.a Min: Left home village of Yangshan Village at 17 to work on the assembly line at Carrin Electronics. Although it was difficult for her to leave that job at first, she was able to move  onto a better job as a clerk at another electronics company due to luck in a talent market (where the recruiter liked her handwriting and honesty). She moved on to be a PR representative, and several other jobs until she settled into a mold company and made money both through salary and illegal kickbacks. Along her journey, she takes a number of classes on computers and English. She lost her mobile phone while traveling and had to start over (lost boyfriend, contacts, etc). Her story also focuses a lot on her marriage prospects, as she cycles through boyfriends and her parents pressure her to find a local man. Ultimately, she has no definitive prospects but has many options and a sense of security. Also a factor is her relationship with her parents, which changes depending on how much money she is sending home. In the end, when she is well-off, they give her more space, but pressured her more in the past to send home money and fulfill the traditional role of daughter.
  12. Wu Chunming
    in factory girls--IsabelChunming left Jiugongqiao Township in Hunan at age 17 without telling her parents to go find work and be independent. She had dreams of becoming more educated and learning more languages. Like Min, she also struggled with her parents expectations of her as a daughter. She jumped around a lot and ultimately lost all of her money, ID, and contacts when she escaped from what could have been sex slavery. She went on to work in factories on the line, then as a clerk. She persuaded her boss to give her a promotion. She then jumped onto Wanmei, a direct sales company that could have been a pyramid scheme, and rose up the ranks as a salesperson and a recruiter, which earned her great wealth and modest fame. She lost all of this when the government cracked down on the company; she then lost her savings investing in her boyfriend’s company, which, like the relationship, failed. She then had a series of odd jobs, including reporting and representing a paint company. She tried to enter into business for herself by co-founding a mold parts company, which she later bought out of. She returned to Wanmei for a while, but it turned out to be a pyramid scam. She ultimately ended up working a low wage job in a company, but still had hope for the future.
  13. Ai Weiwei
    Chinese contemporary artist who is also extremely active in social, political, and cultural criticism of the CCP. Ai is perhaps most renowned for his collaboration with Swiss architects Herzog & de Meuron for the construction of the olympic stadium in Beijing. He has also become famous for being a political activist; Ai has always expressed deep and open criticisms towards the Chinese government’s stance on democracy and human rights. He has investigated government corruption and cover-ups, in particular the Sichuan schools corruption scandal following the collapse of so-called “tofu-dreg schools” during the 2008 Sichuan earthquake. Today, in addition to producing great works of art, Ai remains an important symbol of resistance to CCP suppression.
  14. Murong Xuecun (pen name of Hao Qun)
    Chinese author and microblogger who in 2008 made the long list for the Man Asian Literary Prize, an annual literary award given to the best novel by an Asian writer. His writing deals mostly with social issues in contemporary China, exploring themes such as corruption, business-government relations, and general disillusionment over modern life. His literature is known for its nihilistic, realist, racy, and fatalist style. Following his rise to fame, Murong has emerged as one of the foremost critics of censorship in China.
  15. Wang Jianlin
    Listed as the wealthiest person in a China (August 2013 by Bloomberg) with a net worth of US $14.2 billion. Forbes, however, only ranked him as the 128th richest person in the world in 2013. He is the Chariman of the Dalian Wanda Group, one of China’s largest real estate developers, and also the world’s largest operator of movie theaters after the purchase of AMC Entertainment Holdings for US $2.6 billion in 2013.