History: Benchmark 1

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  1. How long did most unskilled laborers work?
    40 hrs-60 hours a week
  2. How did the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire exemplify the major negative of rapid industrialization?
    Unsafe environment
  3. What were some long lasting effects of the labor movement?
    • Child Labor Laws
    • Safer Conditions
    • Better Pay
  4. What was a major reason why immigrants made up the vast majority of "unskilled" workers?
    It was cheap labor and an easier job for them to be employed in
  5. Unskilled workers who pressure employers to make changes in the workplace, such as pay.
    Knights of Labor
  6. How did companies increase their capital in order to compete at the turn of the 20th century?
    Collective Bargaining
  7. How did Roosevelt fight business corruption?
    Square Deal
  8. How did Taft lose the support of the Progressives?
    He felt he lacked the commitment to reform
  9. For what reasons was Prohibition unsuccessful?
    • Rise of organized crime
    • People still drank
    • Caused more problems
  10. Allows citizens to vote on a proposed law or change
  11. Why did most states switch to the secret ballot by 1910?
    People could vote without threat of coercin
  12. Why did Roosevelt go on a "trustbusting" campaign?
    He believed in good and bad monopolies
  13. Which key pieces of legislation passed as a direct result of Upton Sinclair's novel, The Jungle?
    • Pure food and Drug Act
    • Meat Inspection Act
  14. Which reform did progressives neglect?
  15. Alice Paul formed...
    The National Women's Party
  16. Should any Latin American Nation appear politically and financially unstable the U.S. military would intervene
    Roosevelt Corollary
  17. Why did the U.S. purchase Alaska?
    For gold, timber, silver, fish, and oil
  18. Why did the U.S. purchase Hawaii?
    Sugar Cane
  19. The U.S. could no longer control Cuba
    Platt Amendment
  20. What were the territorial gains for the U.S. after the Spanish-American War?
    • Guam
    • Puerto Rico
    • Phillipines
  21. Through which policy did the U.S. maintain its trading rights with China?
    Open Door Policy
  22. The tactic that Roosevelt used to settle the war between Russia and Japan?
    Peace Treaty
  23. Which country was blamed for the explosion of the U.S.S. Maine?
  24. What was the result of the Boxer Rebellion?
    Open Door Policy is approved by European Powers
  25. What happened in the Philippines after the U.S. annexed it as a territory?
    A rebellion, leader by Emilio Aguinaldo
  26. How did the U.S. benefit from the Spanish-American War?
    U.S. emerges as a world power
  27. Why did Roosevelt support Panamanian revolutionaries in their fight against Colombia?
    He wanted the Panama Canal
  28. Refusing to be involved in the affairs of other nations
  29. Which event caused the U.S. to finally enter WWI?
    Zimmerman Note
  30. Government agency that controlled and regulated all materials for the war effort.
    War Industries Board
  31. How did Herbert Hoover suggest to conserve food?
    Regulated and set the prices for food and fuel.
  32. Made it illegal to print,write,or publish any disloyal or abusive language criticizing the government, flag, or military.
    Sedition Act
  33. What was the purpose of Wilson's 14 Points?
    Peace Plain/League of Nations
  34. The movement of African Americans from the South to the North for work
    The Great Migration
  35. What government agency did Herbert Hoover direct
    Food Adminstration
  36. Why did the United States Senate not ratify the Treaty of Versailles?
    • The US Senate was split on the treaty.
    • The Irreconcilables who rejected it
    • The Democrats who wanted to sign it
    • The Reservationists who wanted the treaty revised.
    • There was a huge disagreement over the League of Nations.
    • The treaty is rejected because the U.S. reverts back to isolationism.
  37. What did the National War Labor Board accomplish?
    • 8 hour work day 
    • Equal pay
    • Equal work
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History: Benchmark 1
2013-12-12 21:44:46
marking period one benchmark phelan jun history

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