History: Benchmark 1
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How long did most unskilled laborers work?
40 hrs-60 hours a week
How did the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire exemplify the major negative of rapid industrialization?
What were some long lasting effects of the labor movement?
- Child Labor Laws
- Safer Conditions
- Better Pay
What was a major reason why immigrants made up the vast majority of "unskilled" workers?
It was cheap labor and an easier job for them to be employed in
Unskilled workers who pressure employers to make changes in the workplace, such as pay.
Knights of Labor
How did companies increase their capital in order to compete at the turn of the 20th century?
How did Roosevelt fight business corruption?
How did Taft lose the support of the Progressives?
He felt he lacked the commitment to reform
For what reasons was Prohibition unsuccessful?
- Rise of organized crime
- People still drank
- Caused more problems
Allows citizens to vote on a proposed law or change
Why did most states switch to the secret ballot by 1910?
People could vote without threat of coercin
Why did Roosevelt go on a "trustbusting" campaign?
He believed in good and bad monopolies
Which key pieces of legislation passed as a direct result of Upton Sinclair's novel, The Jungle?
- Pure food and Drug Act
- Meat Inspection Act
Which reform did progressives neglect?
Alice Paul formed...
The National Women's Party
Should any Latin American Nation appear politically and financially unstable the U.S. military would intervene
Why did the U.S. purchase Alaska?
For gold, timber, silver, fish, and oil
Why did the U.S. purchase Hawaii?
The U.S. could no longer control Cuba
What were the territorial gains for the U.S. after the Spanish-American War?
- Puerto Rico
Through which policy did the U.S. maintain its trading rights with China?
Open Door Policy
The tactic that Roosevelt used to settle the war between Russia and Japan?
Which country was blamed for the explosion of the U.S.S. Maine?
What was the result of the Boxer Rebellion?
Open Door Policy is approved by European Powers
What happened in the Philippines after the U.S. annexed it as a territory?
A rebellion, leader by Emilio Aguinaldo
How did the U.S. benefit from the Spanish-American War?
U.S. emerges as a world power
Why did Roosevelt support Panamanian revolutionaries in their fight against Colombia?
He wanted the Panama Canal
Refusing to be involved in the affairs of other nations
Which event caused the U.S. to finally enter WWI?
Government agency that controlled and regulated all materials for the war effort.
War Industries Board
How did Herbert Hoover suggest to conserve food?
Regulated and set the prices for food and fuel.
Made it illegal to print,write,or publish any disloyal or abusive language criticizing the government, flag, or military.
What was the purpose of Wilson's 14 Points?
Peace Plain/League of Nations
The movement of African Americans from the South to the North for work
The Great Migration
What government agency did Herbert Hoover direct
Why did the United States Senate not ratify the Treaty of Versailles?
- The US Senate was split on the treaty.
- The Irreconcilables who rejected it
- The Democrats who wanted to sign it
- The Reservationists who wanted the treaty revised.
- There was a huge disagreement over the League of Nations.
- The treaty is rejected because the U.S. reverts back to isolationism.
What did the National War Labor Board accomplish?
- 8 hour work day
- Equal pay
- Equal work
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