japanese music terms and shit

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brianklein
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252631
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japanese music terms and shit
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2013-12-11 16:31:41
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japanese
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music
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  1. Traditional end-blown bamboo Japanese flute with five holes, 54 centimeters long,associated with Zen Buddhism.
    shakuhachi
  2. Traditional Japanese three-string, long-necked, plucked lute.
    shamisen
  3. traditional Japanese plucked string instrument with movable frets on the sounding board.
    koto
  4. Japanese music uses a wide variety of tempi, from very slow to very fast.Often, in music associated with the theater, the tempo accelerates as excitementand drama build in the play. A typical musical form called _____,  described later, is outlined through changes in tempo.
    jo-ha-kyu
  5. (1) variety of timbres, includingunpitched sounds; (2) heterophonic treatment of voices in an ensemble; and(3) flexibility of pulse found in both solo and ensemble music
    characteristics of traditional japanese music
  6. when two or more voices elaborate the same melody in different ways at roughly the same time
    heterophonic
  7. when two or more distinct melodies are combined, the texture is considered
    polyphonic
  8. texture of japanese songs
    polyphonic or heterophonic
  9. melody is generally ____ in japanese music
    pentatonic
  10. melodic motif is
    repeat and vary
  11. jo
    intro
  12. ha
    tempo build
  13. kyu
    peak
  14. -tool for spiritual enlightenment
    -meditative qualities
    -free rhythm
    shakuhachi
  15. -strings
    -played with plectrum or something with fingernails
    -used in all types of music
    -contains a sawahari for buzz (bottom string is not on the bridge)
    shamisen
  16. -13 strings
    -movable bridges
    -related to guzhang
    koto
  17. -created by women
    -males took over and women were banned
    kabuki
  18. The name of the city of Tokyo before 1868.
    Edo
  19. A period of peace and prosperity from 1600 to 1867, prior to any extensivecontact with the West
    Tokugawa Era
  20. By the beginning of the Meiji period in 1868, the koto could be found in many private homes as well as in teahouses and theaters, and skilled koto performance had become a sign of good breeding for young women. Most of the sokyoku  (or koto music) pieces performedtoday were written during the Tokugawa period, when new schools and styles ofplaying arose. At this time the koto was used in ensembles with the shamisen and later the kokyu or shakuhachi, combinations that brought an important form of chamber music into Japanese life.
    Meiji Period
  21. Zen Buddhism
    associated with the shakuhachi
  22. a philosophy that has spread throughout much of Asia and the world in various forms, is based on the idea that the pursuit of truth does not require intellect. We can search to know about things,but we do not really know them. To know them, we must throw away our notionsof scientific investigation and logical reasoning and instead rely on a heightenedawareness and intuition about life.
    Zen Buddhism
  23. The traditional musical instrument of the ____ is the shamisen
    geisha
  24. These ____ (ronin)-turned-priests made their mark on the shakuhachi repertoire
    samurai
  25. a classical Japanese dance-drama. Kabuki theatre is known for the stylization of its drama and for the elaborate make-up worn by some of its performers.
    Kabuki
  26. s short, evocative songs called ____ (literally,“short song”)
    kouta
  27. scale is found in folk music. also name for folk songs. traditionally sung by ordinary peopleinstead of trained professionals
    minyo
  28. m. In the 1880s,when the People’s Rights Movement urged further democratization through the establishment of a parliament, a new kind of song called an ____ evolved to express the goals of the movement.
    enk

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