- Adolf Hitler. 1889-1945• Born in Austria-Hungary. Main city: Vienna. He was born from Braunau.o He hated his father. He was always get beaten. He loved his mother who had huge blue eyes. His father dies when Adolf was 13. He now has his mother to himself. When he was 16, his mother got cancer…no treatment. • When he was 19: mother died. Leaving him an orphan. His mother left him some money in her will.
- o He moved to Vienna in 1908. Spending the money quickly. He became homeless.o He liked art. He was a landscape painter. He wanted to become a professional artist.• Hitler applied to the Vienna Academy of Art. He gets rejected twice. They tell him he is better as an architect. The committee in charge of his rejections was Jewish.
Hitler moves to Munich from ViennaIn August 1914 hitler volunteers to the German army for WWI He ends up on the western front He raises to the rank of corporealWins the highest medal (the iron cross) twinedOct 18 he is blinded (temporarily) by gas and is sent back to Germany to recoverWhile in the hospital Germany gives upHe is heartbroken that Germany lostHis vision returns in spring of 1919
And the German government gives him a job Spy on new political parties He goes to the German workers party meeting8 people, and he likes themThey share many of his beliefs He then leaves the army and joins the German workers partyHe quickly becomes the leader and changes the name To the national socialist German workers party or naziThey are centered in Munich and don't gain too many followersHe wants to take over the countryTake over Munich then march on Berlin and take over Germany
This is called the Beer hall putsch He goes into a bar and gets people's attention then called for revolutionThey ignored him and he is thrown in jailWhile in jail he writes mein Kampf He is basically influenced by social DarwinismHe thought that Aryan people were the most fit to survivePoland, Russia, and France were not Arian Jewish people were the lowestHe joins politics again after getting outHe runs his party for the reichstag (German congress) in 1928He only gets 2.6% of the vote (not good)Great Depression happensNazism becomes more popular1930 election the nazi party got 18% of the vote1932 election the nazi party got 37% of the vote
Hitler wants to become chancellor or prime minister of Germany The president of Germany appoints the chancellor Hindenburg was the president at the timeHindenburg hates hitler Nazis are pressuring Hindenburg January 1933 hitler becomes chancellor He immediately arrests his enemiesKills or puts them in prisonTakes control of news and radio March 1933 the reichstag building is burned to the groundHitler tells people that it is a national emergencyHe wants German congress to give him special powers to deal with the emergencyThe pass a bill called the enabling actEnables hitler to do whatever he wants Hitler immediately gets rid of all lawsHe was legally made dictator Hindenburg dies in 1935Hitler makes himself president as well as chancellorCalls himself fuehrer