Think of a bell shaped curve on a graph. On the top of the bell is considered to be average. People that fall far left from average or far right are considered abnormal. Abnormal psychology focuses on observable behaviors of a person.
What is the behavioral approach in abnormal behavior? What is the focus?
Abnormal Psychology that focuses on observable behaviors. The focus is on reinforcing positive behaviors. This only targets the behavior itself and not the underlying causes.
What is the Medical Approach in abnormal behavior? What does it focus on? What can it include?
Focuses on the biological causes on mental illness. This perspective emphasizes the underlying cause of disorders, which might include genetic inheritance, related physical disorders.
What is the cognitive approach in abnormal behavior? What does it focus on?
Help individuals change their thoughts and reactions.
What are the categories of psychological disorders?
- Adjustment disorder
- Mood Disorders
- Anxiety Disorders
- Developmental Disorders
- Cognitive Disorders
What is a Mental Illness?
A medical condition that disupts a person's thinking, feeling, mood, and ability to relate to others and daily functioning.
What is the DSM?
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.