Lit terms and retoric

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  1. Aristeaia
    is a scene in the dramatic conventions of epic poetry where a hero in battle has his finest moments. An aristeia can result in the death of the hero at the aristeia's end.
  2. Dues ex machina
    an apparently insoluble crisis was solved by the intervention of a god
  3. Foil
    the author creates a character whose primary purpose is to create a contrast to another character by laying emphasis or drawing attention to the latter’s traits and characteristics through the former’s obviously contradictory ones.
  4. Scapegoat
    A person or thing carrying the blame for others
  5. Epic similie
    an extended simile often running to several lines, used typically in epic poetry to intensify the heroic stature of the subject and to serve as decoration
  6. Invocation
    An invocation is any address to a deity, usually for help of some sort. The epic traditionally begins with an invocation to the Muse (a request for help in the telling of the tale)
  7. Homeric refrain
    A word, phrase, line, or group of lines repeated regularly in a poem, usually at the end of each stanza
  8. Ethos
    • Apeals to character, establishing ethics
    • Consider credability of source
    • Consider the times source of the data is left out and when it is left in and why
    • Consider when names are stratigically placed, probably to appeal to ethics, if not, possibly invocation
  9. Pathos
    • Appeals to emotions of the audience
    • Consider if your being played
    • Exclusively pathetic appeal with lack of credability
    • Think logos
  10. Logos
    Apeals to the logical abilities of your audience
  11. Logos: Deductive
    starts with a generalization and works to the specific
  12. Logos: Inductive
    starts with specifics to draw towards a generalized conclusion
  13. Kronos
    • Argument based on timeline or cause and effect
    • Essay based on the order of events relevant to the argument
  14. Deliberative
    Argument based on future effects
  15. Epidietic
    Argument based on praise or blame
  16. Forensic
    argument based in past or proven effects
  17. Connotative
  18. Denotative
  19. Women: Roles in literature
    • War Booty 
    • Servers and Sinners 
    • Locked Away Awaiting Rescue
  20. Women: Lives in Ancient Greece
    • Geta Kyrios (guardian) would rune very aspect of their life until fit to marry. 
    • Love was not a factor in these relationships. Citizenship depended on who you married and what family you were born into. 
    • Duty of wife to bear legitimate male children and run the household.
    • Expected to stay inside the home expect for funerals and festivals.
    • Retreated to quarters when guests came over. 
    • Education not allowed.
  21. Women if not married were...
    • Slave 
    • Prostitute
    • Heteras
    • Concubines
  22. Slave
    No rights
  23. Prostitutes
    • Wore gaudy outfits.
    • Gov't regulated.
  24. Heteras
    • Call girls or courtesans.
    • Were entertainment for men.
    • Intellectual.
  25. Concubines
  26. Spartan Women
    • Women ran the country when men @ war. 
    • Major influence in politics. 
    • Owned 1/3 of land and passed land down to daughters. 
    • Given excellent education. 
    • Expected to defend Sparta in time of war.
  27. Power for Greek Men
    In war and with the women they married
  28. The Gay Thing
    DID NOT EXIST. Love was not specified by gender.
  29. Death
    • Necessity of a proper burial.
    • Omission of burial rites an insult to human dignity.
    • In the Iliad, Achilles held Olympic games to honor the death of Partroclus.
  30. Marriage
    • Marriage in ancient Greece was considered to be one of the most important times in a woman's life, even though she had no control over whom she will marry.
    • Childbearing the main object of marriage.
  31. Sacrifices to gods
    Sacrifice, in the Iliad, is conceived of both as offerings which are the gods just due, and a means of placating the wrath of an angry god. (ex. Spilling wine on the battlefield after every feast)
  32. Oracle
    A sacred shrine where a god or goddess was said to reveal the future through a priest or priestess.
  33. Greek Grammar
    • Agamemnon = son of Atreus = Atrides 
    • Menelaus = son of Atreus = Atrides 
    • Agamemnon and Menelaus = Atridae
    • Generallu "us" = singular; ae/i = plural
  34. Greek Army
    Achaeans = Danaans = Argives = Helenes = Greeks
  35. Trojan Army
    Troy = Illium
Card Set
Lit terms and retoric
Iliad test on retoric, terms, and history.
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