History Final Exam Terms/Vocab
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Called for no expansion of slavery into newly
Said that slavery must be allowed to
exist as all states are sovereign and therefore equal in power. Extended to say
that citizens have the right to move their property and that slaves exist as
Allowed those who were forming a state to decide
on the issue of slave versus free state, proposed by Lewis Cass.
Proposed by southern slave owners as they were
paranoid that northern radical abolitionists were hiding/protecting escaped
slaves, gave the north an obligation to the south.
Fugitive Slave Act
A way in which the slaves could “break away” from their master, Harriet Tubman was the person associated with it that was spoke about in class.
Admitted California as a free state, Utah and
Mexico territories with popular sovereignty, Texas a slave state with smaller
borders with the compensation of $10 million, Ended the slave trade that
occurred in the nation’s capital, and toughened the fugitive slave act, Henry
Clay, Daniel Webster, and Stephen A. Douglas.
Compromise of 1850
Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe, Abraham Lincoln
is famous for saying, “So you’re the little woman who wrote the book that made
this great war.”
Uncle Tom’s Cabin
Work of Stephen A. Douglas that propelled him to
stardom, designed to get individuals to move into unpopulated territory between
Chicago and California, repealed the 36’30 parallel rules and embraced Popular
Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854
Trivia fact! First Republican elected was this
John C. Fremont
Big contributor to intensified sectionalism, result of popular sovereignty in theterritories, northern and southern support of individuals to go into statesthat lead to fights amongst the more radical individual, extreme violence.
Massachusetts representative who represents the anti-slavery movement and made a speech about the “crime against Kansas”,referred to southern senators by name and offended a South Carolinian senator who proceeded to beat the other with his walking stick.
Preston-Brooks Affair/Brooks-Sumner Affair
Slave who went to a free state with his master
and then back to a free, encouraged to sue for his freedom since he had been in
a free state.
Decision that slaves do not have the right to
sue since they are not citizens, the fifth amendment protects property, and
that the 36’30 parallel has been unconstitutional from the beginning, results
in slavery being allowed everywhere. Trial takes place in St. Louis.
Dred Scott Decision
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court in 1857
Roger B. Taney
Coherent arguments between two individuals that
were viewed as important political steps for the individuals involved, the most
talked about of which occurred in Freeport with regards to popular sovereignty.
Challenge by Stephen
Douglas against the Dred Scott Decision, alienated Douglas and served as
precursor to the election of 1860.
One of the most colorful characters in US
history, radical, militant abolitionist who is considered a modern day
terrorist, believed that he had been given the mission to abolish slavery and
that if he did not God would punish him.
Ammunition stores that John Brown planned to
attack and take over so that he may be able to arm the slaves so that they may
rebel against their masters and win their freedom.
The democratic party is having difficulty
selecting one front runner and splits into two divisions of northern Democrats
and southern Democrats, the Whig party disappears and turns into the Republican
party with the moral goal of abolition with William Seward as their front
Election of 1860
The names of the two candidates who received the
most votes from the states in the Election of 1860, the election of one of
these two individuals resulted in the first secession from the United States.
Lincoln and Breckenridge
First state to secede from the United States, was followed by six others.
The first battle of the Civil War, the
confederates have commandeered a fort in their territory that the Union still
claims as theirs and for this reason the confederate states considered any
Union interference an act of war.
Fort Sumter (1861)
responsible for firing the first shot of the
Civil War and was not responsible for the invention of Baseball.
Individual who replaced Clay in the senate and
felt that it was his responsibility to become the next “great compromiser”.
Proposed a compromise that would guarantee slavery in the south by bringing
back the 36’30 parallel
John C. Crittenden
Believed in important fortifications and
Dennis Hart Mahan
Complete opposite of the above believed that a tactical defense was weak and believed that offense was more important. Figured
that battle would be more effective ramming a bayonet into those that cross his
Antoine Henri Jomini
This tool provided for much greater accuracy an
dgave the northern state an advantage.
The main leader of the Confederate army in the
battle of Manassus.
Sent to reinforce the main leader of the
Confederate army waiting to intercept McDowell.
Went to assist the two men mentioned above and
told his men to stand their ground earning him the title of “Stonewall”.
Thomas J. Jackson
Abolishes slavery. Proposed by Lincoln. Helps turn war into a crusade against slavery. Freed 0 slaves in reality.
After the emancipation Proclamation by Lincoln to abolish slavery.
Came up with by the confederacy in response to Lincoln's 10% Plan. Denies the president's authority to issue these types of law without congressional approval. Beginning of struggle over reconstruction policies.
Part of Wartime Reconstruction. States that former states of the confederacy would be able to enter the Union again with full rights after 10% of it's population took an oath of allegiance to the US Government. Proposed by Lincoln.
Lincoln orders the main Union army in the Eastern Theater lead by General _______ to advance south from the capital, and to go to Manassas.
Fought in Virginia, near the city of Manassas.
Beauregards army receives McDowells attack. Confederate Victory. Created legend of southern fighting invincibility.
Battle of Manassas/ First Bull Run
Union leader. Called the Young Napoleon. He increses training and improves supply of equipment and food to the army. Uses the army in the largest military operation: Peninsula Campaign.
Plan by McClellan to lead the army down the river from the capital, board ships, and go down the Chesapeake Bay to Fort Monroe. Try to take Richmond. Failure.
Distracts the Union from McClellan's attack against Richmond
Lee attacks McClellan's dispersed forces one-by-one and relieves Richmond of McClellan's attack. Lee's First Victory in the East.
Seven Day's Battle
Lee Combines with Jackson and they march North and attack Pope at Bull Run.
Seconds Battle of Bull Run
Takes place in Tennessee, named after the Methodist church "Place of Peace". Goal of the union was to gain control over Southern Tennessee. Commander Johnston is shot in the knee and dies.
Battle of Shiloh/Battle of Pittsburg Landing
Stationed at Illinois. "Unconditional Surrender"
Makes Fort Henry Surrender as well as Fort Donelson.
Commander at Fort Donelson. Refuses to Surrender to Grant.
Nathaniel Bedford Forrest
Union Troops were defending the line for half a mile where there was thicket. Confederate troops launched repeated attacks against this line.
Largest concentration of canon artillery.
US Senator from Massachusetts. Radical Abolitionist.
Sent by Lee to end the crisis with John Brown at Harper's Ferry fire station.
First choice for the Election of 1860
General at the Battle of Wilson's Creek. 2nd Major battle of the civil war.
Nathaniel B. Lyon
Where troops died at the Battle of Shiloh. Dramatically changes the view of the war.
Leads the army of Northern Virginia. Known for being bold and cunning. Fighting for the Confederacy a Defensive war. Studied Jomini.
Robert E. Lee
Lee vs. McClellan in Maryland. Lee divides his army into 5 groups. McClellan learns of Lee's plans. Antietam Creek. Bloodiest single day in Civil War.
Ordered by McClellan to smash Lee's left flank.
Massive Union attack. Street fighting. Burnside vs. Lee.
Battle of Fredericksburg
Hooker Vs. Lee. Jackson gets injured and dies.
Lee's 2nd Attempt to invade the union. Tries to take the war out of Virginia. Takes war to the Union.
New Union Commander. Gettysburg Campaign.
Lee sends assault right down Meade's middle.
To close the gap on the Mississippi river and cut the confederacy in half. Confederacy victory.
Lee vs. Grant. Campaign straight over land to the enemy. Battle of Wilderness. Spotsylvania. Cold Harbor. Petersburg. Battle of the Crater.
Very destructive battle. Close enough to use bayonet.
Grant plans to dig a tunnel underneath the confederate line.
Battle of the Crater
Pemberton Vs. Grant. Pemberton surrenders. Opens Mississippi river to Union.
Rosecran vs. Bragg.
Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge. Grant marches head on and drives Bragg's army out. Key Railroad spot. Finishes off the Confederacy.
Trying to wear out the enemy.
Strategy of Attrition
Reasom: big area for cotton farming. Idea was to advance union forces to Vicksburg, New Orleans, and Arkansas, concentrate them at Shreveport, then advance west into East Texas.
Red River Campaign
Face's Joseph and Hood. Ruins City of Atlanta.
Sherman's "March to the Sea"
Last duel between Lee and Grant. Lee surrenders. End of Civil War.
Lincoln and Andrew Johnston. Lincoln Wins this election.
Election in 1864
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