The flashcards below were created by user readyreg29 on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

1. To convert Fahrenheit to Celsius
Subtract 32 from temperature then x .0555

98.6F - 32 x 0.555 = 36.9 (37C)
2. To convert Celsius to Fahrenheit
• Multiply by 1.8 then + 32
• 37C x 1.8 + 32 = 98.6F
3. To Calculate the volume to be administered
Desired dose (mg) divided by concentration of drug on hand (mg/mL) = volume to be administered
4. To calculate the concentration of drug on hand
(per milliliter)
Total Weight of the Drug(amount on hand mg,g)  divided by Total Volume in Milliliters = Weight per Milliliter

100mg (total weight) / 10mL (total volume) = 10mg/mL
5. The "six rights" of medication administration
• Right:
• Patient
• Drug
• Dose
• Route
• Time
• Documentation
6. Techniques used to gain vascular access in the prehospital setting
• Cannulation of peripheral extremity vein
• External jugular vein cannulation
• Intraosseous access
• Longterm vascular access devices
7. What critical information does the Medic need to know about their drugs they carry
• Indications
• Contraindications
• Therapeutic effects
• Side effects
• Appropriate doses
8. The two different ways IV solutions are categorized
Crystalloid or Colloid (dissolved components or make up)

Isotonic, Hypotonic, Hypertonic (based on tonicity)
9. Reflects the concentration of sodium in a solution and the movement of water in relation to the sodium levels inside and outside the cell
Tonicity
10. a 7 year old requires 0.02mg/kg of drug. You have 1 mg in 10 mL. the child weighs 60lb. What is the desired dose?
How much volume will you give?
• Step 1: Convert child's weight; 60 / 2.2 = 27kg
• Step 2: Determine desired dosage; 0.02mg x 27kg = 0.5mg
• Step 3: Determine concentration
• 1mg / 10mL = 0.1mg/mL
• Step 4: Determine how much volume to administer; 0.5mg / 0.1mg/mL = 5mL
11. To adjust the flow rate according to the patient's clinical condition (or as dictated by medical control) you must know:
• The volume to be infused
• The period which is to be infused
• How many drops per milliliter (gtt/mL)
12. Calculating fluid infusion rates formula:
Volume to be infused (administered) x gtt/mL (drip set) divided by time (in minutes)
13. You must use caution when cannulation of leg veins because they can place the patient at greater risk of
• Venous thrombosis
• Pulmonary embolism
14. Points where one vein may split into two
Bifurcations
15. To document the establishment of an IV line you need to include
• The:
• Gauge of needle
• IV attempts vs. successes
• Site
• Rate at which fluid is running
16. To convert a larger unit of weight to a smaller one
• Multiply by 1000 or
• or move the decimal point three places right

(1.6 = 1600)
17. When dividing medication dosages you want divide?
The Volume (mL) into the Weight (mg,g,kg)
18. How do you convert mL to L
Divide the smaller unit of volume by 1000 or move decimal three places to the left
19. How do you convert L to mL
Multiply L by 1000 or move decimal three places to the right
20. How do you convert a smaller unit of weight to a larger unit when the difference is 1000
move the decimal three places to the left
21. Enteral medications are those that are given through:
Some portion of the digestive or intestinal tract
22. Enteral & Alimentary medications are administered (how)?
• Orally
• Through feeding tubes
• Rectally
23. The time drugs are absorbed from the stomach and intestines
30 - 90 minutes
24. Subcutaneous (SC) injections are given into the:
Loose connective tissue between the dermis and muscle layer
25. Common sites for Subcutaneous injections
• Upper arms
• Anterior thighs
• Abdomen
26. Responsive patients should receive ________prior to infusion of fluids when performing IO infusion
1% Lidocaine
27. A saline lock is attached to the end of an IV catheter and filled with approximately 2 mL of NS to keep what from happening
Blood from clotting at the end of the catheter
28. GENERIC NAME: THIAMINE HCl (vitamin B1)
• BRAND NAME: Betalin
• CLASS: Vitamin
29. GENERIC NAME: VASOPRESSIN
• No brand name
• CLASS: Pituitary (antidiuretic) hormone
30. GENERIC NAME: VERAPAMIL HCl
• BRAND NAME: Isoptin, Calan, Verelan
• CLASS: Calcium channel blocker

31. GENERIC NAME: SUCCINYLCHOLINE
CLASS: Ultra-short-acting depolarizing-type skeletal muscle relaxant
32. Patients can draw in as much as how much of their tidal volume through an open external jugular  vein
10%
33. The water that bathes the cells, accounts for about 10.5% of body weight.
Cerebrospinal fluid
Intraocular fluid
Interstitial fluid
34. The water within the blood vessels, carries red blood cells, white blood cells, and vital nutrients.
4.5% of body weight
Intravascular fluid
35. The best choice of fluids for prehospital care of injured patients who need body fluid replacement
Crystalloid solutions
36. Thrombophlebitis
Inflammation of the vein
37. Allergic reactions associated with IV therapy:
• Itching (pruritus)
• Shortness of breath
• Edema of the face & hands
• Urticaria (hives)
• Bronchospasm
• Wheezing
38. How much normal saline should you use as a flush after administering a medication through a gastric tube?
30 to 60 mL
39. Whenever flow problems from IV administration occurs check the:
• IV fluid
• Height of IV bag
• Type of catheter used
• Constricting band
40. Lactated Ringer’s solution is an example of what type of solution?
A) Hypotonic
B) Isotonic
C) Colloid
D) Hypertonic
B) Isotonic
(this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
41. Peripheral vein cannulation is performed in all of the following locations EXCEPT:
A) the hand.
B) the foot.
C) anticubital.
D) subclavian.
D) subclavian.
(this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
42. Which of the following drop sets would be considered a microdrip set?
A) 60 gtts
B) 30 gtts
C) 10 gtts
D) 15 gtts
A) 60 gtts
(this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
43. How many drops does it take to equal a milliliter with a macrodrip set?
10
44. When starting an external jugular line, you should always:
• Position the patient supine and head down.
• Carefully feel for the carotid pulse.
• Occlude the jugular vein with your finger.