Music Final

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Author:
mi06bian
ID:
252845
Filename:
Music Final
Updated:
2013-12-12 16:22:01
Tags:
20th century
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Description:
Final terms 20th
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  1. 20th Tone Color
    • Enhanced importance
    • Unusual instruments and unusual ways of playing traditional ones.
  2. 20th Harmony
    • Less distinction between consonant and dissonant sounds
    • Free use of dissonance
  3. 20th Chords
    • New chords
    • poly chord: multiple chords
    • fourth/quartal chord: chords based on fourths instead of thirds
    • tone clusters: many consecutive notes played at the same time - Threnody for the Victims of Hiroshima by Penderecki
  4. 20th Tonality
    • Atonality: no tonality - Schoenberg
    • Polytonality: music that has many tones (keys) - 3 places in NE by Ives (march)
    • Bitonality: two keys
    • Serialism: series - atonal
    • 12 tone system: form of serialism - 12┬árandom notes in different patterns
  5. 20th Rhythm
    • Fascination with rhythm
    • Jazz
    • Interest in non-western rhythm - exoticism
    • Syncopation
    • Unusual meters (5/4, 7/4)
    • polyrhythm: several layers of complex rhythms
  6. 20th Melody
    • Broader concept of melody
    • Variety of scales such as whole tone and pentatonic scales.
  7. 20th Impressionism
    • French - Debussy
    • Expression of the outside world
    • Lacks tonal center/sense of key
    • Emphasis on tone color
    • Sensuous sounds never harsh
    • The Afternoon of a Faune by Debussy
  8. 20th Expressionism
    • German - Schoenberg
    • Reaction against impressionism
    • Express inner feelings
    • Shock value
    • Intense, subjective emotion
    • Atonality
    • A Survivor from Warsaw : mixed media - speech
  9. 20th Neo-Classicism
    • Stravinsky
    • Back to Bach
    • used older forms to organize new sounds
    • Return to absolute music
    • Emotional restraint
    • tonality
    • Appalachian Spring by Copland
  10. 20th Increased Serialism
    • Other elements as basis
    • not just pitches
  11. 20th Chance Music
    • Sounds of what is happening
    • what happens, happens
    • 4' 33" by Cage
  12. 20th Minimalism
    • Simplicity
    • Fragmentation
    • A Short Ride in a Fast Machine by Adams (American)
  13. 20th Electronic Music
    Pome Electronique by Varese - tone color, special effects
  14. 20th Musical Quotation
    • Sampling past popular melodies in music
    • Concerto Grosso by Zwilich
  15. 20th Mixed Media
    Music with other forms of media
  16. Schoenberg
    • A Survivor from Warsaw: expressionism - mixed media with speech
    • Pierrot Lunaire: Atonality introduced - every pitch independent and equal, no relation to others around it
    • Father of atonality

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